School of Advanced Study shortlisted for Times Higher Educat

2019-09-29 08:12栏目:国际学校
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School of Advanced Study shortlisted for Times Higher Education Award

School of Advanced Study project wins Times Higher Education Award

With the development of economy and technology, the trend of globalization is deepening around the world. It seems that the world is becoming a scene of prosperity andstability. However, it is not the case. There are still many poor and refugeesin the world.

University of London shortlisted for education ‘Oscars’ by THE

Pushing the boundaries’, an ambitious research project led by Dr David James Cantor from the Refugee Law Initiative , part of the University of London’s School of Advanced Study, has been shortlisted for the Times Higher Education Awards 2017. The winners are due to be announced at a gala ceremony on 30 November.

‘Pushing the boundaries’, an ambitious research initiative led by Dr David James Cantor at the Refugee Law Initiative , part of the University of London’s School of Advanced Study, has won the Research Project of the Year: Arts, Humanities and Social Sciences award in the Times Higher Education Awards 2017. The winners were announced at a gala ceremony in London on 30 November.

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The University of London has been shortlisted for the International Impact Award at the 2018 Times Higher Education Awards, known as the ‘Oscars’ for higher education. The University is one of six entrants shortlisted in this category.

Learn more about the Refugee Law Initiative

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From 2000 to2016, each year, there are millions of refugees fleeing their own countries. For most people, when it comes to the word “refugee”, wars or poor countries will appear in their minds at first. However, according to the UN Refugee Agency(UNHCR, a global organization dedicated to saving lives, protecting rights andbuilding a better future for refugees, forcibly displaced communities andstateless people), refugees are people fleeing conflict or persecution. That is, even in the developed countries, there are still having refugees; even in China, where the economy is booming, there are still having refugees. But, do you know where do the refugees prefer to go?

Written by Binda Rai | 10 Sep 2018

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The purpose of the three-year initiative (full title ‘Pushing the boundaries: new dynamics of forced migration and transnational responses in Latin America’), which was supported by a Future Research Leader grant from the Economic and Social Research Council, was to analyse how Latin American states use transnational structures and interventions to address new security and justice challenges resulting from forced migration flows.

From 2000 to 2016, each year, more than one hundred thousand Chinese refugees leaving China move to other countries. At the same time, most of them like to move to Asia and North America. In Asia, they’d like to choose India, Thailand, Japan and Malaysia to asylum or residence. In North America, they’d like to choose UnitedStates, Canada and Mexico to asylum or residence. From where they choose, wecan learn that the Chinese refugees prefer to go somewhere the economy is better, and close to their origin place.

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The purpose of the three-year initiative (full title ‘Pushing the boundaries: new dynamics of forced migration and transnational responses in Latin America’), which was supported by a Future Research Leader grant from the Economic and Social Research Council, was to analyse how Latin American states use transnational structures and interventions to address new security and justice challenges resulting from forced migration flows. It is shortlisted in the awards’ Research Project of the Year: Arts, Humanities and Social Sciences category.

It involved an international group of researchers, and produced the first serious study of the dynamics of forced migration provoked not by war or government persecution but by the activities of organised criminal groups. In addition, ‘Pushing the boundaries’ spearheaded research on this ‘new’ cause of forced migration and shifted the traditional notions concerning legal protection of refugees in Latin America.

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The University’s entry, for its distance and flexible learning programmes, faced stiff national competition from universities and colleges within the UK, in the initial round of shortlisting.

It involved an international group of researchers, and produced the first serious study of the dynamics of forced migration provoked not by war or government persecution but by the activities of organised criminal groups. In addition, ‘Pushing the boundaries’ spearheaded research on this ‘new’ cause of forced migration and shifted the traditional notions concerning legal protection of refugees in Latin America.

Through an historical study the project:

In general, from 2000 to 2016, the refugees around the world “like” to move to Asia and Africa. Each year, there is an average of 5306460 refugees pouring into Asia, anaverage of 3210530 refugees pouring into Africa. However, there is only anaverage of 1815420 refugees moving into the Europe, an average number of1149772 refugees moving into the North America respectively each year. That is,the number of refugees moving into North America in 2.9 year and the number of refugees moving into Europe in 4.6 year is equal to the number of refugees moving into Asia in one year.

The shortlisting is in recognition of the strong impact of the University of London’s academic programmes and their power to change people’s lives, through its reach to 50,000 students in more than 180 countries through 100 study programmes. The University of London’s entry was based around the theme of freedom - freedom from injustice and freedom from disease.

Through an historical study the project:

  • developed a simpler and more elegant interpretation of the Latin American expanded refugee definition in the 1984 Cartagena Declaration
  • delineated a progressive framework for protecting asylum-seekers under the Inter-American Human Rights System
  • shed new light on transnational connections between asylum practices in Europe and Latin America

In Asia, they’d like to choose Pakistan, Islamic Rep. of Iran, Turkey, Syrian Arab Rep. and soon; in Africa, they’d like to choose Kenya, United Rep. of Tanzania, Uganda,Chad etc. But does these areas are the dream places for the refugees to go?

Two programmes were cited as examples of a truly life changing impact made across the world by the University of London’s distance and flexible learning programmes. First, the impact of the University of London Undergraduate Laws programme’s partnership with the African Prisons Project , empowering 63 prisoners with the knowledge to navigate their legal proceedings during 2016-17. One such prisoner, who enrolled on the University’s LLB programme, successfully campaigned to abolish the death sentence in Uganda following their release, and provided legal counsel to other inmates who were subsequently freed. She said: ‘Seeing the lives of these inmates gradually change for the better increased my energy to do more, in anticipation of one day, having and living in a harmonious and transformed society.’

  • developed a simpler and more elegant interpretation of the Latin American expanded refugee definition in the 1984 Cartagena Declaration
  • delineated a progressive framework for protecting asylum-seekers under the Inter-American Human Rights System
  • shed new light on transnational connections between asylum practices in Europe and Latin America

Collectively, these findings presented a novel model of Latin American cooperation in refugee protection as a viable alternative to regional models applied in Europe and elsewhere.

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In addition, the University of London’s partnership with the APP enabled life-changing education to be made freely available amongst African prisoners, addressing their high illiteracy rates, significant re-incarceration rates and severe overcrowding.

Collectively, these findings presented a novel model of Latin American cooperation in refugee protection as a viable alternative to regional models applied in Europe and elsewhere.

‘My colleagues and I are delighted by the recognition that this award gives to research in the field of refugees and internally displaced persons. It also benefits this overlooked region of Latin America by further publicising the need for both understanding and action on the intractable forced displacement caused by organised crime in these countries,’ said Dr David James Cantor, RLI director.

As we all know,most of the developed countries are located in the Europe or North America, themajority countries in Asia or Africa are developing or less developed countries.That is, these countries maybe also need help from others so as to develop themselves smoothly. However, refugees are people fleeing conflict orpersecution, they need to seek asylum and find safe refuge in another country. Canthey find shelter in some developing or countries?

Another example of the impact of the University’s Undergraduate Laws programme extends across the world, where women suffering from domestic violence have also used the LLB programme to free themselves and others from life-destroying trauma.

‘My colleagues and I are delighted by the recognition that this shortlisting for the Times Higher Education Awards Research Project of the Year 2017 gives to research in the field of refugees and internally displaced persons. The shortlisting also benefits this overlooked region of Latin America by further publicising the need for both understanding and action on the intractable forced displacement caused by organised crime in these countries’ said Dr David James Cantor, RLI director.

Impact on international public policy

Or do thesecountries have the duty to receive the refugees? In fact, the question thatwhich countries should be responsible for the refugee problem has beendiscussed by the media for many years.

Secondly, knowledge also has transformative implications for people’s health, and University of London alumni have played an instrumental role in freeing people from disease.

The research has also influenced United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees protection policy relating to people fleeing criminal violence in the Northern Triangle of Central America. Between October 2015 and May 2016, Dr Cantor fed into the development of UNHCR refugee protection policy relating to El Salvador, Honduras and Guatemala. This not only guides UNHCR action but also that of the region’s governments.

The research has also influenced United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees protection policy relating to people fleeing criminal violence in the Northern Triangle of Central America. Between October 2015 and May 2016, Dr Cantor fed into the development of UNHCR refugee protection policy relating to El Salvador, Honduras and Guatemala. This not only guides UNHCR action but also that of the region’s governments.

Some people argue that, “who pollutes, who governs”, who bombed Syria, who should received refugees. Western "democracies" such as the United States are the makers of refugees, they should open their doors to receive refugees, and thereis no reason for other countries to pay for their SINS. While other believe that the countries which have the power should be responsible for the refugees.Just like China, with the One Belt And One Road strategy and the wish of building a community of Shared future for mankind, China should be responsiblefor the refugees, so as to show great power and take internationalresponsibility.

A Zimbabwean Masters graduate has worked on paediatric HIV trials, including the ZENITH trial in Harare, which aimed to reduce virulence and supress HIV in children. This trial, led by researchers at the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine , a member institution of the University of London and world-renowned for its research in public and global health, ultimately improved outcomes for more than 150 children with HIV. Through their work, such graduates are paving the way for advanced drug technology and equitable delivery, which in turn gives children infected with HIV an improved chance of a healthier life.

In addition to the rallying call it presented to researchers and policymakers worldwide, the ‘Pushing the boundaries’ project resulted in Dr Cantor taking up a one-year part-time secondment as the principal adviser to UNHCR’s Americas Bureau. He is now drafting a strategy for the region, as well as other policy instruments to guide UNHCR and governments in addressing protection challenges for refugees, asylum-seekers and Internally Displaced Persons .

In addition to the rallying call it presented to researchers and policymakers worldwide, the ‘Pushing the boundaries’ project resulted in Dr Cantor taking up a one-year part-time secondment as the principal adviser to UNHCR’s Americas Bureau. He is now drafting strategy for the region, as well as other policy instruments to guide UNHCR and governments in addressing protection challenges for refugees, asylum-seekers and Internally Displaced Persons .

In recent years,the number of refugees China has received is increasing, even surpass the United States. Each year, there are more than two hundred thousand refugees move into China, however, the quantity of refugees move into China is far morethan the refugees leaving China. Since 2015, the quantity of refugees has overthree hundred thousand, and has reached 317255 in 2016.

Dr Mary Stiasny OBE, Pro Vice-Chancellor (International), University of London, said:

‘This is important recognition for an excellent and innovative project tackling an issue which is devastating for those affected, often in acutely threatening situations,’ said Professor Rick Rylance, the School of Advanced Study’s Dean and University of London Pro Vice-Chancellor . ‘The School is proud of it and of the work done by David Cantor and his colleagues. We are especially proud that it helps those in predicaments of dislocation and displacement. We add our warmest congratulations.’

‘This is important recognition for an excellent and innovative project tackling an issue which is devastating for those affected, often in acutely threatening situations,’ said Professor Rick Rylance, the School of Advanced Study’s dean and University of London Pro Vice-Chancellor . ‘The School is proud of it and of the work done by David Cantor and his colleagues. We are especially proud that it helps those in predicaments of dislocation and displacement. We add our warmest congratulations.’

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The University of London, through its graduates, changes the lives of millions of people globally through sharing knowledge, which ultimately opens the door to freedom on so many levels for the citizens of the world.

I am delighted that we have been shortlisted for such a prestigious award by experts in the sector, and what this does is provide an endorsement for our mission, which is to provide access to quality higher education across the world, as we have done since 1858.

Furthermore, I want to congratulate the member institutions of the University of London, with whom we work to deliver academic awards to 50,000 students in all regions of the world, along with 1.4 million learners enrolled on our MOOCs. Our member institutions, including all those who contribute to the Undergraduate Laws programme, and LSHTM, each bring their expertise to help deliver excellence in academia for students across the world.

Now in their 13th year the Times Higher Education Awards – the ‘Oscars of higher education’ – are a highlight of the academic calendar and a celebration of the best in UK higher education. Each year, they attract hundreds of entries in 19 categories covering the full range of university activity.

The ‘Oscars of higher education’

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Note: The University of London’s Undergraduate Laws programme is delivered with academic direction from Birkbeck; King’s College London; London School of Economics and Political Science; Queen Mary University of London; School of Oriental and African Studies and University College London.

The full shortlist of this year’s THE Awards

Now in their 13th year the Times Higher Education Awards – the ‘Oscars of higher education’ – are a highlight of the academic calendar and a celebration of the best in UK higher education. Each year, they attract hundreds of entries in 19 categories covering the full range of university activity.

Why China can receive the refugees from other countries, but can’t solve the native refugees well, just like many other countries. Thus, what on earth is the perfect way tosolve the refugee problem and help the refugees to find their dream places? How about depending on the UNHCR? The primary purpose at UNHCR is to safeguard the rights and well-being of people who have been forced to flee. Together with partners and communities, UNHCR works to ensure that everybody has the right toseek asylum and find safe refuge in another country. It also strives to securelasting solutions.

The winners of the THE Awards will be announced on Thursday 29 November in London.

John Gill, THE’s editor, said: ‘At a time when discussion about universities is too often reduced to terms of economic impact and output alone, the stories behind the winning entries this year tell a far richer story.

What’s more, written in the homepage of UNHCR, people can see that “For over half a century, UNHCR has helped millions of people to restart their lives. They include refugees,returnees, stateless people, the internally displaced and asylum-seekers. Our protection, shelter, health and education has been crucial, healing broken pasts and building brighter futures.”

For further information contact:

Universities remain crucial to the health and well-being of the country, as well as to its prosperity, and anyone who doubts that – or who thinks that excellence is the preserve of one segment of our system – need only read about our winners to see the evidence with their own eyes.’

In fact, the rate of refugees assisted by UNHCR seems high, the average of the assisted rate is 60%, even reach 79% in 2015. However, it doesn’t mean that every refugee from all countries can be effectively assisted. From 2000 to 2016, there are 2792202 refugees leaving China, but only 4100 gain the assist from the UNHCR.The assisted rate is as low as 0.15%. Besides, there are 5113990 refugees moving into China, but only 639084 refugees assisted by UNHCR; the assisted rate is 12%.

Binda Rai: Head of External Relations, Media and PR (Worldwide)
University of London
Email: Binda.rai@london.ac.uk
Mobile: 07920 476 483
Landline: 0207 862 8545

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About the University of London

The refugees are defined and protected in international law, and must not be expelled or returned to situations where their life and freedom are at risk. Therefore, if theUNHCR can’t afford some effective measures to solve this problem, the economicand administrative burdens of those countries or territories which received the refugees will be increased. That is, it is not feasible to solve refugee problem only rely on UNHCR.

The University of London was established in 1836 by Royal Charter. It is made up of 18 independent member institutions and nine research institutes. These institutions, including the LSE, UCL, King’s College London and the London Business School are recognised globally as world leaders in higher education.

If we can’t deal with this problem properly, the refugee problem will become worse and worse, just like the rolling snowball or rising flood waters, causing some unaffordable consequences, leading the world to an unstable and horrible scene.People can learn a lesson from the history. In the 1960s, a large number of Palestinian refugees from Palestine and Jordan move into Lebanon. However, the Lebanese government lost the control of these refugee communities soon, Lebanon has become the birthplace of a chaotic jihadi organization.

The University of London is the world’s oldest provider of academic awards through distance and flexible learning, dating back to 1858, when the University of London was awarded a Royal Charter by Queen Victoria.

Just as Wang Yi,Foreign Minister said in June this year that, refugees are not immigrants.Displaced people around the world are still need to return to their homeland torebuild their homes. Hong Lei, a spokesman for China's foreign ministry said in2015 that, the key to solve the refugee problem is to solve the development and stability problem of some areas fundamentally.

In 1858 Charles Dickens described the University of London as ‘The People’s University’ when its 1858 Royal Charter extended access to degrees to those who could not come to London to study.

Maybe the dreamplaces for the refugees to go are their own countries, and the perfect way to solve the refugee problem is trying our best to help the refugees returning their homes.

150 years ago, in 1868, the University of London opened up ‘Special Examinations for Women’. Ten years later, the University began offering full degrees for women. In both instances, the University was the first in the UK to do so.

Today, students of the University of London’s distance and flexible learning programmes study from a suite of 100 academic programmes, with some taking the award through self-study or through support from local teaching institutions.

The University’s distance and flexible learning provision is the world’s largest classroom, with 50,000 students worldwide, and over 1.4 million learners on the Coursera online platform for MOOCs (Massive Open Online Courses), bringing this global reach to 1.45 million people around the world, covering more than 180 countries.

The University of London currently has 21 single MOOC courses available through Coursera, as well as three specialisations of five to six MOOCs each. The University’s new online BSc in Computer Science is the first undergraduate degree to be offered through Coursera. For more information about the University of London’s online courses delivered through Coursera, please visit: www.coursera.org/london

Further information about the University of London is available at:

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