Consultation on Gender-Reassignment and Trans Equality Policy
HRH The Princess Royal opens new University of London halls of residence
A worldwide conversation on gender equality, launched by women leaders in London
The University celebrates and values the diversity of its workforce and student body. This draft policy sets out our commitment to Gender-Reassignment and Trans Equality and to meeting the requirements of the Equality Act in this area.
The new halls of residence combine environmental sustainability with open courtyards and state of the art accommodation
‘Globally, progress for women at work has stalled, and there are signs that it may even be reversing. Despite common assumptions, the gender gaps in the world of work remain stubborn, and show no sign of being overcome,’ said Shauna Olney, Chief of the Gender, Equality and Diversity Branch of the International Labour Organization , a specialised agency of the United Nations.
About the Garden Halls
Our aim is to create an environment in which all staff and students feel equally welcome and valued, and one in which transphobic behaviour is not tolerated.
‘Women continue to have fewer jobs than men; they work in a more limited range of jobs – often reflecting gender stereotypes; their jobs tend to be lower paid with poor working conditions; and they have limited scope for voice and representation, ’ explained Shauna Olney. Noting that women’s educational achievements have been impressive, she examined to what extent educated women were getting the jobs and the pay they deserve. She was speaking at the launch of the University of London’s ‘worldwide conversation’, which took place at Senate House in London on Wednesday 19 September 2018.
This draft policy covers our role as an institute of higher education and also our role of employer. Its purpose is to set out the support that can be expected by employees and students in such circumstances.
The Chancellor of the University of London, Her Royal Highness The Princess Royal, officially opened the University’s new flagship halls of residence, Garden Halls, on 25 January 2017.
This worldwide conversation forms part of the University of London’s Leading Women campaign, which celebrates 150 years since the University opened up Special examinations for Women in 1868, and ten years later, opened up full degrees for women. In both instances, the University of London was the first to do so in the UK.
Comments on this draft are welcomed from all staff, students and other visitors to the University of London.
The newly redeveloped halls replace the student accommodation that once stood on the Cartwright Gardens site. The complete reconstruction of the halls and refurbishment of the Hughes Parry Tower began in 2014 following an extensive consultation process and planning approval the previous year. This new building stands as an example of modern student accommodation.
In referring to research conducted by the ILO, for its centenary celebrations next year, Shauna noted that, the majority of women, in all regions, want to work at paid jobs, yet there remains a significant gap between women’s aspirations and labour market realities. Employment for women stands at 1.3 billion, compared to 2 billion for men, and the global employment gender gap has closed by only 0.6% in 20 years. Progress has stagnated and there are indications that the situation is getting worse.
Please send your comments for consideration by Friday 29 September to: Diversity@london.ac.uk
Students living in these halls have the enjoyment and benefits of quality accommodation close to where they study, in an area renowned for culture and knowledge. The £140m building offers 1,200 purpose-built rooms to suit students’ varying requirements, from self-catered townhouses to en-suite catered accommodation. The multifunctional common rooms and open courtyards offer bright and inviting spaces to study and relax. The halls also play a central role in the community with local residents able to enjoy the newly landscaped gardens and tennis courts.
Shauna attributed this trend, in part, to the lack of value given to care work responsibilities, generally associated with women, as well as the time poverty of women, who perform over 75% of unpaid care work She noted that, in 2018, over 600 million women, compared to about 40 million men, were either unavailable for employment or not seeking a job, due to unpaid care work responsibilities. People, mainly women, spend 16.4 billion hours per day doing care work; this is equivalent to 2 billion people working 8 hours a day for no remuneration, and is equivalent to 9% of global GDP.
A partnership was formed with University Partnerships Programme to finance the scheme over a 50-year period, thus enabling the University to free up its resources to improve student services and to focus investment on teaching and research. This multi-million pound development is part of a wider programme by the university to grow its accommodation provision to meet the needs of future generations of students.
Shauna challenged the audience at the ‘worldwide conversation’, and asked them to ‘think about their own spheres of influence’ and ‘ensure that the efforts of the first women admitted to the University of London, and of the ILO labour feminists in 1919, who helped shape the ILO Constitution and the first ILO treaties, were not in vain’.
The architectural quality and environmental performance of the building have greatly improved. The halls, designed by leading architects, tp bennett LLP and Maccreanor Lavington, are in keeping with the character of the local area and fit well in the Georgian garden square. Garden Halls has achieved an ‘Excellent' BREEAM (Building Research Establishment Environmental Assessment Method) rating, and students will be encouraged to engage in sustainable living as part of the University’s plans to continue cutting carbon emissions.
Shauna’s Keynote Lecture, the second annual University of London 1858 Charter Lecture, 2018, was dedicated to the subject to women in education and the world of work. The lecture was followed by a panel discussion, addressing two key questions:
Her Royal Highness toured the building and met students from across the world, all of whom will be studying at one of the University’s member institutions. She then attended a reception in the new high-spec meeting rooms to meet key people involved with the project. The event closed with the unveiling, by The Princess Royal, of a plaque to be positioned at the halls’ entrance.
Question One: ‘Given that women have been shown to be just as professionally ambitious as men, and given that there is a rapidly growing percentage of women gaining degrees and higher education qualifications, why, then, are we still not seeing the same representative sample of women in leadership roles around the world?’
The opening was a significant occasion for students, staff and stakeholders alike. Not only did it mark the completion of the building and years of hard work and collaboration, but also the beginning of a new chapter for the halls’ first cohort of intercollegiate students.
Question Two: ‘What is a modern university’s responsibility with regards to gender equality? And how, through a fulfilment of this responsibility, can a modern university’s focus on gender equality become impactful within a wider society?’
Chris Cobb, Pro Vice-Chancellor and Chief Operating Officer said “The transformation at Cartwright Gardens is truly astounding. This is a landmark development that is focused on the student experience providing state of the art, quality accommodation in the heart of London just a stone’s throw from many of the University’s member institutions.
Each panel member was a leader in their respective fields, and the panel was chaired by The Hon. Mrs Justice Cheema-Grubb, the first Asian woman appointed to the UK High Court. The panel included contributions from:
“Today’s unveiling by the University’s Chancellor is the culmination of a great deal of hard work by countless people across many different organisations. I’d like to take this opportunity to thank them all, particularly staff at the University and at UPP. This is a day when everyone can feel a sense of pride in what has been achieved.”
- Francesca Lagerberg, Global Leader – Network Capabilities, Grant Thornton International
- Isabel Fernandez-Mateo, Adecco Professor of Strategy and Entrepreneurship, London Business School
- Kuljit Bhogal, Barrister, Cornerstone Barristers
- Sam Smethers, Chief Executive, Fawcett Society
- Stella Dadzie, Writer and Historian
- Dr Mary Stiasny OBE, Pro Vice-Chancellor (International), University of London.
Sean O’Shea, Group Chief Executive Officer of UPP added: “We are delighted to have completed our flagship Garden Halls development - setting a new bar for student accommodation in the heart of our capital city. Having worked in partnership with the University of London since 2013, we are proud to have delivered this important project that offers exceptional architectural quality and modern facilities through leveraging private investment into the HE sector.”
The Panel’s discussion ranged widely from the dismissal of ‘female traits’ as ‘soft skills’ to the essential challenge of early years education in encouraging a healthy view of gender equality. Contributions called for employers to recognise that the issue was not about ‘fixing the woman’ so that she was employable but recognising that fundamental and unacceptable barriers to equality and participation remain. Tackling these should be seen as building vital infrastructure in society rather than optional. The Panel also recognised that such conversations around the world will have different emphases, but all would have to tackle the value ascribed to work in the home with dependents, as well as the value of paid care jobs.
英国德克萨斯奥斯汀分校大学常务副校长 Ewan Mckendrick
Summing up the conversation, Mrs Justice Cheema-Grubb said that despite the hard-won right to higher education and the flourishing of women in many fields of endeavour, we should still all feel uncomfortable about the level of progress. ‘In answer to the first question… it is to do with the value given to all the work women do, and with the opportunities they get to rise to leadership roles. And it’s not just about pushing people to apply, because when they apply, they’ve got to be applying into a structure which facilitates them succeeding, if they are the best person for the role.’
Mr Chairman, President Wang, Distinguished Guests：
Regarding the second question, and the role of universities, Mrs Justice Cheema-Grubb noted that it must be ‘to push women through, but also to model, as a university, how the world should treat women, in how they receive women, and give them their place. Proper funding for education is vital for this country and elsewhere, and expansion of opportunity for greater numbers of students has to be met by sufficient staff. These must have adequate security of tenure, for them to be able to function properly, and for there to be equality of opportunity for advancement amongst teaching staff.’
It is an enormous privilege for me to be asked to speak today on behalf of your guests from Europe on the occasion of the 120th anniversary celebrations of this distinguished University. Anniversaries of this kind provide us with the opportunity to meet old friends, examine our history, consider the present and contemplate the future.
Mrs Justice Cheema-Grubb summed up how the younger generation has different ideas about equality. She said that ‘our young men and women expect to be treated equally, and they expect to have equal opportunities when they come into the world of work…They may well push for this, and they won’t be content with what women have had to be satisfied with in the past.’
Before I talk about some of these issues, I should, perhaps, introduce myself. I am Professor Ewan McKendrick, a Professor in the Faculty of Law at the University of Oxford and the Registrar of the University. The title Registrar is one that does not translate very easily but, if I had to summarise my role, I would say that I am the senior administrative officer of the University. I report directly to our Vice-Chancellor (our President) and am her principal adviser on strategic policy and am responsible to her for the management and administration of the University. As someone who is responsible for university administration, I know how much work has to be put into an event of this nature and and on behalf of your guests I would like to thank those responsible for organising these anniversary celebrations for the hospitality which has been extended to us during our stay here in this wonderful city.
Dr Mary Stiasny OBE, who hosted the ‘conversation’, said:
As I said, anniversary celebrations are an opportunity to meet with old friends. In my case this is my fourth visit to this University. I first came here in May 2013 to speak at a conference on international commercial law organised by the School of Law and the Silk Road Institute for International and Comparative Law. The conference was organised by the Dean of the Law School, Professor Shan, and my former doctoral student Professor Qiao Liu. Since that first visit I have returned to Xi’an on an annual basis and enjoyed the hospitality which this University has generously provided. It has been a particular pleasure to work with Dean Shan, his colleagues and to teach and work with graduate students in the Law School, some of whom are working under the supervision of Professor Liu. I have attended, and spoken at, a university graduation here which was an event on a scale much bigger than anything we could organise in Oxford. I have never seen so many happy students receive their degree, have their photographs taken with their Dean and all organised so efficiently. I have also been able to meet with President Wang and it was a particular pleasure for me to be able to welcome him, together with some of his senior colleagues, to Oxford earlier this year and to show him around parts of our University. He has been a good friend and is an inspiring and visionary leader.
I am delighted to note that this “worldwide conversation”, launching in London, is a continuation of the University of London’s tradition of opening up access to higher education for all. This year’s 150th anniversary celebration of the University’s “Special Examinations for Women” is a perfect backdrop for our “worldwide conversation”, which I know will continue to further the University’s access agenda for women by enabling key local issues surrounding gender inequality to be heard on a world stage.
But anniversaries are more than an opportunity to meet old friends. They also provide us with an opportunity to look back over our past, consider the present and contemplate the future. As we look back over 120 years we can easily see that the cities of Xi’an and Oxford are very different from how they were in 1896. The period between 1896 and 2016 has been one of enormous change, particularly in terms of technological change. And Universities have played, and will continue to play, a vital role in the development of these new technologies. But the changes that have taken place are not simply technological in nature: they are social, political and economic. An indication of the extent of the changes that have taken place can be seen by looking at the composition of our student body and the academics we employ.
She added: ‘Presently we have around 20 of these “worldwide conversations” taking place over the next two months, in countries ranging from Peru, Trinidad and Tobago, Lebanon, Ghana, Pakistan, India, Bangladesh, Czech Republic, Russia, Singapore and Hong Kong. Moreover, I hope that the London conversation will encourage even more participation around the world, and engage many of our 50,000 students on our distance and flexible learning programmes, and alumni from our global network, to take part.’
In the case of the University of Oxford we have approximately 22,000 students: 11,500 undergraduates and 10,500 graduates. 41% of our students are citizens of foreign countries. Overseas students make up 63% of the graduate student population and 19% of the undergraduate population. Our students come from over 140 countries and territories and China supplies the second highest number of students, with just over 1,000 of our students coming from China. A similar picture emerges when I turn to staff numbers. The University employs approximately 12,000 employees. 65% of them are from the UK, 17% from the European Union and 14% from other countries in the world. Almost one third of our employees were not born in the UK, and that number is higher if it is confined to academic (rather than administrative) posts. This is a world which the Registrar of the University of Oxford in 1896 could not have imagined. His world was one in which students were mainly undergraduates, were born and would spend most of their lives in the United Kingdom and most of them were humanities students rather than students working in the sciences.
Please follow this link to watch the video of University of London’s ‘worldwide conversation’, held at the University of London, Senate House, on Wednesday 19 September 2018:
I suspect that those responsible for setting up this University in 1896 would similarly not have foreseen the changes and developments that have taken place in this University since it was founded. The developments in science and engineering, the expansion of graduate education, the international collaborations which are now such an important part of the lives of students and academics are all developments I am sure they could not have foreseen.
But where do we go from here? What does the future hold for great universities such as this University? The history of the last 120 years teaches us that we are unlikely to be able to predict what will happen over the next 120 years and so it might be said to be foolish to attempt to predict the future. But today I am willing to play the role of the fool and attempt to look into the future and make some general predictions.
First, the great universities of the world will become more international, not less. And the direction of travel will not be principally from the East to the West; it will be in both directions as Chinese universities climb their way up the international league tables. Greater numbers of students from the UK and Europe will want to study here in the future. The same will be true of academics. We may not in future need the MOUs that are currently a feature of the higher education landscape. We will not need them because our campuses will themselves be international, consisting of students and academics from many different parts of the world.
Notes to editors:
Second, science, engineering and medicine will play an even more important role in universities than they do today. I say this with some regret because I do not believe that the problems that confront this world can be solved only by scientists. Of course scientists have their role to play but so do scholars from the humanities and the social sciences. Problems such as climate change and migration and the challenges presented by an ageing population require academics from many disciplines to work together if we are to find solutions to these problems and challenges. The major challenges that confront our world cannot be confined within disciplinary boundaries and the leading universities of the world must develop greater inter-disciplinary research capacity if we are to make progress. Universities have traditionally organised themselves in disciplinary centres and we do not want to lose that disciplinary excellence. But at the same time we cannot permit disciplinary boundaries to impede inter-disciplinary research on some of the great challenges that confront our world.
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Third, research in the future will be more collaborative than it is today, particularly in the sciences. The high cost of modern scientific research will require scientists to work together as they seek to develop new technologies and find cures for illnesses and diseases for which there is currently no cure. In the future scientists in Oxford and in Europe will work more collaboratively with scientists in Xi’an and China than they do today.
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Fourth, universities will play an even greater role in national and international life than they do at present. The world will require more graduates and post-graduates, not less. The research conducted in universities will be translated more quickly into national economies as companies are formed to develop the research into products and services which will be of benefit to citizens. Universities will be much closer to the centre of national and international life.
About the Leading Women Campaign
I am sure that your University is well placed to meet these challenges and that the next 120 years will bring even more success and prestige to the University.
- The University of London’s 1858 Charter Lecture, 2018, celebrates the awarding of the University’s 1858 Royal Charter by Queen Victoria, which opened up access to higher education around the world.
- The University of London’s 2018 Leading Women campaign celebrates the 150th Anniversary of the University introducing ‘Special Examinations for Women’, which ten years later led to the opening up of full degrees for women. In both instances, the University of London was the first to do so in the UK.
- The aim of the campaign is to generate debate around the issues of gender equality in higher education and the workplace, and to actively provide opportunities for the next generation of women in these areas.
- A worldwide conversation on women’s higher education and equality in the workplace is one project seeking to take a global view on the issue through worldwide participation.
- The University of London’s 2018 Graduation Ceremony on the 6th March 2018, as part of the Leading Women campaign, celebrated the achievement of all its students, with a particular focus on women.
- At this ceremony, honorary degrees were awarded to Dr Rabia Bhuiyan, for her campaigning work on women’s rights, both in Bangladesh and internationally, and to Professor Susan Dev OBE, the first female Accounting Professor in the UK.
- Today, around 50% of students studying through the University’s distance and flexible learning programmes are women.
In closing I would like to offer a personal reflection. My link to this University was created by one of my former doctoral students, Professor Qiao Liu. He came to Oxford more than 10 years ago, first to study on a postgraduate masters programme and then to take his doctorate. I was then his supervisor. Today we are colleagues. He has produced an Australian version of my book on English contract law and next week we shall present our first joint paper at an international conference. He has introduced me to his doctoral students working in this University and I have had the privilege of teaching them and working with them. For me, this is how international collaborations work best. It develops over time, is based on friendship, mutual respect and a commitment to scholarship which transcends national boundaries. But it does require the support of the university, in particular the support of the university leadership. In my case, without the encouragement of President Wang, the support of Professor Shan, the Dean of the Law School, and the assistance of the department of international co-operation and exchanges it would not have been possible for me to develop my current links with this University and to spend time with, and work with, Professor Liu in the way that I have been able to do over the last three years. I am therefore personally grateful to this University for the support it has given to me, for the opportunity to engage in new research with Professor Liu, to teach and work with his students and to meet many academic colleagues from different parts of the University. It is a privilege to be here today and I wish you all every success in the future.
About the University of London
- The University of London is the world’s oldest provider of academic awards through distance and flexible learning, dating back to 1858, when the University of London was awarded a Royal Charter by Queen Victoria.
- In 1858 Charles Dickens described the University of London as ‘The People’s University’ when its 1858 Royal Charter extended access to degrees to those who could not come to London to study.
- Today, students of the University of London’s distance and flexible learning programmes study from a suite of 100 academic programmes, with some taking the award through self-study or through support from local teaching institutions.
- The University’s distance and flexible learning provider is the world’s largest classroom, with 50,000 students worldwide, and over 1.4 million learners on the Coursera online platform for MOOCs (Massive Open Online Courses), bringing this global reach to 1.45 million people around the world, covering more than 180 countries.
- Further information about the University of London is available at:
美利哥西雅图Washington大学园长 马克 Wrighton
Chancellor Mark S. Wrighton
Washington University in St. Louis
St. Louis, Missouri, United States of America
We gather to celebrate the 120th anniversary of the founding of Xi’an Jiaotong University. This premier research university has a rich history and is located in a beautiful city of global importance. Xi’an is the ancient capital of this great country, and the future of Xi’an will be brighter by having this University as a contributor to education, medicine, research, and culture. Drawing on a tradition of excellence, this University is poised to make important contributions regionally, nationally, and internationally in the era ahead. Xi’an is destined to grow significantly in population, and this University can contribute significantly to the quality of life in this thriving region. The presence today of so many distinguished people from China and other parts of the world is testimony to the importance of this 120 year-old university.
Xi’an Jiaotong University has enormous continuing and historic strength in science and engineering, but the University is also a very comprehensive education and research institution making contributions in many areas of importance to the region, to China and to the world. There are three ways Xi’an Jiatong University makes contributions to society.
First, through its education programs, Xi’an Jiaotong University will prepare people for lives of meaning and purpose. The students of today are the alumni of tomorrow. Through their important work and through their contributions during their lifetimes, alumni will amplify the impact of the faculty and staff of the university. The alumni will emerge as the next generation of leaders.
Second, through its original scholarship by faculty, staff, and students the University will contribute new knowledge. Learning what is known is the result of education. The creation of new knowledge is the result of research. As we look ahead, there are many areas where new knowledge created in universities can bring enormous benefit to society. We can easily envision important practical outcomes from research in science, medicine, and engineering, but through creative work in the humanities, social sciences, performing and visual arts and in the professions, research universities have the potential to do much more to add to the quality of life for all.
必威，Third, Xi’an Jiaotong University has a large, high-quality academic medical enterprise, with renowned teaching hospitals. Through the work of physician faculty members the entire region receives medical care at the forefront of academic medicine. Through its education programs, the university is preparing the next generation of physicians who will be serving others. Through its programs of medical research, the university is contributing to advancing human health for everyone everywhere.
Xi’an Jiaotong University is preparing to grow in quality and impact and will bring great value to people. The University has taken a major leadership step to launch the University Alliance of the New Silk Road. This initiative sets the University apart, and will contribute significantly to a brighter future. Xi’an is at the eastern terminus of the ancient Silk Road in China. The Silk Road was the ancient world’s most important conduit of information and technology, and today the University is bringing universities from around the world to build one of the world’s great collaborative programs. The University Alliance of the New Silk Road will contribute to the development of human civilization. This effort will bring about more rapid progress to address major global challenges.
Critical global challenges include (1) providing the energy we need at an affordable cost without environmental degradation; (2) overcoming public health problems from infectious diseases such as SARS and Ebola, and now the Zika virus, but also from chronic disease; (3) assuring the nutritious food and clean water needed by a growing global population; (4) overcoming poverty and contributing to economic well-being and security; and (5) developing approaches to addressing the problems of the aging of the global population. No single university, indeed no single country, can solve all the problems associated with these five critical challenges. Through collaborative programs of education and research, the University Alliance of the New Silk Road founded by Xi’an Jiaotong University holds the promise to make our world a better place for all. President Wang Shuguo and his colleagues are to be congratulated on this new initiative that will bring benefit and opportunity to so many.
My university, Washington University in St. Louis, has many features in common with Xi’an Jiaotong University. Our home base of St. Louis is located in the central part of the United States, and Xi’an is located in the central part of China. Like Xi’an Jiaotong University, we have a large and strong medical school, along with strong science, engineering, and other professional educational programs. And we both have a strong commitment to international partnerships. Over ten years ago we founded our McDonnell International Scholars Academy, and I am proud that tomorrow we will formally welcome Xi’an Jiaotong University as our newest partner in the McDonnell Academy. We will build on the strong partnership being led by our distinguished faculty member Professor Guy Genin who has been honored to be a Yangtze River Scholar here at Xi’an Jiaotong University. We are committed to partnership in education and research to more rapidly make the world better and to make progress in solving the global problems we all face.
I am honored to be speaking today on this important occasion. On behalf of all my colleagues, I congratulate President Wang, his more than 30,000 students, tens of thousands of alumni, and more than 5000 academic staff members on the 120th anniversary of the founding of Xi’an Jiaotong University. We are committed to working with you to develop a partnership that will bring many rewards to people here in China and around the world. I am personally delighted to work with you to develop the University Alliance of the New Silk Road. Thank you for the privilege of being with you and your distinguished guests on this historic occasion.