不熟悉的可以多写几遍,  虽然我们社会生活

2019-11-07 11:45栏目:外语留学
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  3. 解决的办法

在最后的冲刺阶段,小可爱们可以更多地关注一下作文和翻译,知米妞给大家整理了写译必备单词和词组,不熟悉的可以多写几遍,希望可以祝大家一臂之力~笔芯!

 

参与社会/社区/校园的……活动

  Though many aspects of our social life have been improved, the generation gap between the youths and the olders remain and even grows wider.

四六级写译必背200词

这些单词都是从历年真题中挑选出的写译高频词,因多次重复考到,请务必重视复习。

建议先筛选出生词,然后每天哪怕抄写一遍,你想记不住都很难!

写作必背:

a host of +n.(pl.)很多……。

作文万能句子:In contemporary society, it has become a trend for a host of individuals to .....

a case in point is …一个典型的例子就是……

convenient: adj. 方便的

常用结构:It is convenient for sb.to do sth.

entertainvt. 娱乐;招待。

名词形式entertainment

be occupied with something(头脑等)全神贯注于某件事物

intelligentadj. 聪明的;智能的。

intelligent control 智能控制

in large numbers大量地 。

作文万能句子:As a matter of fact, intelligent people in large numbers have come to realize the significance of.../ negative impacts of ...

negative: adj. 消极的;负面的。

消极影响即negative effects

impact: n. 影响,碰撞,冲击力;v.对...产生影响。

常用结构:have an impact on 对…有影响;对...造成冲击

phenomenonn. 现象,常说的厄尔尼诺现象即 el nino phenomenon

inadequateadj. 不足的

thought-provokingadj. 发人深思的

soberingadj. 令人警醒的

individualn. 个人

youngstern. 年轻人

apparentlyadv. 显然。

作文万能句子:Apparently, this picture/saying/chart/phenomenon can be naturally associated with the significance of .../the negative influences of .../ close relation between ...and ..../

intend to do sth.想要做某事

normaladj. 正常的

harmoniousadj. 和谐的。

Harmonious Society 和谐社会;

harmonious relationship 和睦关系

advisableadj. 明智的,可取的。

常用句式It is advisable to do sth.做…是明智的。

associatevt. 联系。

associate with v. 联合;与…联系在一起

certain某些……

addictionn. 上瘾,沉溺。

drug addiction 药物成瘾

contemporaryadj. 当今的。

Contemporary Society 当代社会

trend:n. 趋势,

follow the trend即跟随潮流

care for sth./sb.关心某事/某人

significantadj. 重要的;有意义的

I am convinced that …我相信……

It is of great necessity for sb. to do sth.某人做某事是很有有必要的

advocatevt. 倡导,提倡。

作文万能句子:Thus, we should educate, advocate and encourage our friends, classmates and acquaintances to cultivate this awareness/habit

rationaladj. 理性的。

rational choice 理性选择;理性抉择

do bear in mind ...牢记……,通常后面跟文章的主旨句。

enlighteningadj. 有启发性的

respond: vt. 回应

evidentlyadv. 明显地

incorrectadj. 不正确的

deemvt. 认为。

例句:I deem it advisable to buy property now.

我认为现在购置房地产是明智的

teenagern. (十几岁的)青少年

comprehensive: adj. 综合的。

综合素质:comprehensive quality

competence: n. 能力。

社交能力即social competence;

核心竞争力即core competence

talent: n. 人才 ;天赋。

talent for,有…的天赋

acquire: vt. 获得;得到,尤其指靠自己的努力而获得。

cooperation: n. 合作。

in cooperation with 与…合作

diligencen. 勤奋。

Diligence is the mother of success. [谚语]勤奋乃成功之母。

convenientadj. 方便的

efficientadj. 高效的

ignorevt. 忽视

essencen. 实质

communicativeadj. 交际的。

communicative competence 交际能力

a growing number of +n.(pl.)越来越多的+可数名词复数。此外表示越来越多,还可以用an increasing number of, a significant number of,a great number of等。

merelyadv. 仅仅

cultivate: vt. 培养。

cultivate talents 培养人才;

cultivate independence 培养独立性

awareness: n. 意识。

awareness of 意识到

overprotectvt. 过度保护

depend excessively on ...过度依赖……

rendervt. 致使;给予。

render services 提供服务

independencen. 独立

overprotectionn. 过度保护

翻译必背:

传统的  traditional

庆祝 celebrate vt. /celebration n.

装饰 decorate vt. /decoration n.

增加 enhance vt. /enhancement n.

民间的  folk

一千五百多年的历史 a history of more than 1500 years

960万平方公里的面积 an area of 9.6 million k㎡

流行的 popular/widespread/ prevalent

在明清期间 During the Ming and Qing Dynasties

用……美化  beautify …with

春节 the Spring Festival

除夕 the Spring Festival Eve/ the New Year’s Eve

喜庆的气氛/氛围 the joyous atmosphere

经常、频繁  often/ frequently/ usually

象征 symbol (n.) /symbolize (vt.)  /symbolic adj.

健康 health n. /healthy adj.

兴旺 prosperous adj. / prosperity n.

礼物 present/gift

外国的 foreign/ 外国人 foreigner/ 外国友人 foreign friends

据说、传说 It is said that …

爱国的 patriotic/爱国主义 patriotism

风味、味道 flavor

革命性的 revolutionary

大大促进 contribute greatly to …

文明 civilization /文明的 civilized

费时的 time-consuming

节约时间的 time-saving

浪费时间的 time-wasting

文化交流 cultural communication / exchange/ interchange

中华民族 Chinese people

16世纪 the 16th century

节日 holiday/假期 vacation

正月十五 the fifteenth/15th day of the first/1st month of the lunar calendar (农历)

风俗/习俗 custom

惯例 convention

有差别 vary vi.

eg. Cooking skills and ingredients vary greatly in different places of China.

场合 occasion  n. /偶尔的 occasional adj.

团聚/聚会gather vi. (拜托你不要写成together, together 是副词或形容词)

团圆   reunion n. / gathering n.

每年的 annual adj.

清除厄运 sweep away ill fortune

好运 good luck/ fortune

对联 couplets

主题 themes

走亲访友 visit relatives and friends

古老的 ancient

神秘的 mysterious

包含 include vt.

放鞭炮 lighting firecrackers

红包 money in red envelops

神秘 mystery n.

作为世界的第三大国 as the third largest country in the world

多样的various  /a variety of = diverse

无数的 countless/numerous

自然景观  natural landscapes/ attractions/ sceneries/ sights

特有的 distinctive

除……以外 in addition to …= apart from …

丰富的 abundant/ample/plentiful

矿产资源 mineral resources

拥有众多人口 has a large population

改革开放:opening-up reform

合资企业:joint venture

私营企业:private enterprise

购买力:purchasing power

通货膨胀:inflation

附加值的:value-added

稳健的货币政策:a prudent monetary policy

预算:budget

资金:capital

社会福利:social welfare

财政的:fiscal

经济调节:economic regulation

公平竞争:fair competition

收支平衡:make ends meet

技术密集型产业:technology-intensive industry

劳动密集型产业:labor-intensive industry

“四大发明” the Four Great Inventions (of Ancient China)

独一无二的 unique /独一无二 uniqueness

手工艺品handcraft/ handicraft

手工艺人handicraftsmen = people who make handcrafts

绘画 painting

曲艺 operas

刺绣 embroidery

丝绸之路 the Silk Road

影响 impact/influence/affect

介绍 introduce

传播 spread/ propagate

艺术 art  /艺术的 artistic/艺术家 artist

代表 represent/ stand for

重要的 important/ significant / vital / essential

好玩的 interesting/ funny

耐心 patience /有耐心的 patient (该词也表示病人)

练习/实践 practice

历史文物 historic relics

迷人的风光attractive / charming/ fascinating scenery/ landscapes

当地的 local

旅游景点 tourist attraction/ scenic spots

礼貌 courtesy / politeness

热情好客hospitality

少数民族 ethnic minorities

龙的传人 descendants of the dragon

祖先 ancestor

传说 legend

起源于 originate /起源 origin

起初的、开始的、原创的 original

仪式 ceremony

邻国 neighboring countries

阶层 class

诚信 honesty/诚实的 honest

表演 perform vt.  performance n.

取消 cancel /stop

参加 participate in

压岁钱 lucky money

驱除 ward off

特制的 especially-made

必修课 required/compulsory courses

民族的 national

优雅的 elegant

优美的 graceful

多彩的 colorful

记录 record n./vt.

事件  events

婚姻 marriage

结婚庆祝=婚庆 wedding celebration

祈求好运 wish a good luck/ pray for a good luck

一代一代人 generations of people

精心准备的carefully-prepared

技艺 skills/techniques

有一个共同点 have something in common

营养 nutrition/有营养的 nutritious

谷物 grains

大约about = approximately

超越surpass/ exceed

大多数a majority of …= a large proportion of …

订购order

数百万millions of …

零售商retailer

极具竞争力的exceedingly competitive

平台platform

商品goods = commodities

不少quite a few

特殊的special = distinctive

不足为奇it is no wonder that …

发源地:birthplace

文化遗址:the…culture site

象征:the symbol of…

见证、经历:witness

杰作:masterpiece

世界文化遗产名录:Lists of World Heritage

奠基者:founder

著名的:renowned

文明:civilization

吉祥物:mascot

吉利的:auspicious

纪念:commemorate

由……组成:comprise of

追溯到:date back to

继承:inherit

发扬:carry forward

传统的:traditional

特征:characteristic

独特的:unique

特产:specialty

民间的:folk

传说的:legendary

实施:implement

推行:carry out

教育体制:educational system

科教兴国:rejuvenate our country through science and education

把……放在优先发展的战略地位:place strategic priority on…

共同努力:joint effort

就业机会:job opportunity

缓解:relieve

改善:improve

辉煌的成就:brilliant achievements

初步成效:initial effect   投入使用:be put into use

自然资源丰富:rich natural resources

人才资源:human resources

重要指标:key index

使丰富enrich

着手解决问题deal with issues

 

• take part in social / community / campus activities of …

  2. 产生代沟的原因

盼望着(恐惧着)盼望着(恐惧着),四六级又又又来了。

 

emerge v. 出现;涌现

  【译文赏析】

四六级写译100个必背黄金词组

以下这100个词组就是四六级翻译和写作中最重要,最核心的表达,考前必背!

  1. at the thought of一想到…­

  2. as a whole (=in general) 就整体而论­

  3. at will 随心所欲

  4. (be) abundant in(be rich in; be well supplied with) 富于,富有­

  5. access(to) (不可数名词) 能接近,进入,了解­

  6. by accident(=by chance, accidentally)偶然地,意外

Without accident(=safely) 安全地

  1. of one’s own accord(=without being asked; willingly; freely)自愿地 ,主动地­

  2. in accord with 与…一致

out of one’s accord with 同…不一致­

  1. with one accord (=with everybody agreeing)一致地­

  2. in accordance with (=in agreement with) 依照,根据­

  3. on one’s own account­

1) 为了某人的缘故, 为了某人自己的利益­

2) (=at one’s own risk) 自行负责­

3) (=by oneself)依靠自己­

  1. take…into account(=consider)把..考虑进去­

  2. give sb. an account of 说明, 解释 (理由)­

  3. account for (=give an explanation or reason for) 解释, 说明­

  4. on account of (=because of) 由于,因为

  5. on no account(=in no case, for no reason)

绝不要,无论如何不要(放句首时句子要倒装)­

  1. accuse…of…(=charge…with; blame sb. for sth. ; blame sth. on sb. ; complain about)指控,控告­

  2. be accustomed to (=be in the habit of, be used to)习惯于

  3. be acquainted with(=to have knowledge of) 了解

(=to have met socially) 熟悉­

  1. act on 奉行,按照…行动

act as 扮演

act for 代理­

  1. adapt oneself to(=adjust oneself to) 使自己适应于­

  2. adapt…(for) (=make sth. Suitable for a new need) 改编, 改写(以适应新的需要)­

  3. in addition (=besides) 此外, 又, 加之­

  4. in addition to(=as well as, besides, other than)除…外­

  5. adhere to (=abide by, conform to, comply with, cling to, insist on, persist in, observe, opinion, belief ) 粘附; 坚持, 遵循­

  6. adjacent(=next to, close to) 毗邻的, 临近的­

  7. adjust..(to) (=change slightly)调节; 适应;­

  8. admit of (=be capable of, leave room for) …的可能,留有…的余地。­

  9. in advance (before in time) 预告, 事先­

  10. to advantage 有利的,使优点更加突出地­

  11. have an advantage over 胜过­

have the advantage of 由于…处于有利条件­

have the advantage of sb。知道某人所不知道的事­

  1. take advantage of (=make the best of, utilize, make use of, profit from, harness)利用­

  2. agree with 赞同(某人意见) agree to 同意­

  3. in agreement (with) 同意, 一致­

  4. ahead of 在…之前, 超过…;……………. ahead of time 提前­

  5. in the air 1)不肯定, 不具体. 2)在谣传中­

  6. above all (=especially, most important of all) 尤其是, 最重要的­

  7. in all (=counting everyone or everything, altogether) 总共, 总计­

  8. after all 毕竟,到底; (not) at all 一点也不;­

all at once(=suddenly)突然; once and for all 只此一次; above all 最重要的; first of all 首先; all in all 大体上说; be all in 累极了; all but 几乎­

  1. allow for (=take into consideration, take into account) 考虑到, 估计到­

  2. amount to (=to be equal to) 总计, 等于。­

  3. answer for (undertake responsibility for, be liable for, take charge for) 对…负责。­

  4. answer to (=conform to) 适合,符合。­

  5. be anxious about 为…焦急不安; 或anxious for­

  6. apologize to sb. for sth. 为…向…道歉­

  7. appeal to sb. for sth. 为某事向某人呼吁. appeal to sb. 对某人有吸引力­

  8. apply to sb. for sth. 为…向…申请; apply for申请; apply to 适用。­

  9. apply to 与…有关;适用­

  10. approve of (=consent to, be in favor of, favor, agree to, consider good, right) 赞成, approve vt. 批准­

  11. arise from(=be caused by) 由…引起

  12. arrange for sb./sth. to do sth. 安排…做…­

  13. arrive on 到达; arrive at 到达某地(小地方);得出,作出; arrive in 到达某地(大地方);

  14. be ashamed of (=feel shame, guilt or sorrow because of sth. done) 以…为羞耻­

  15. assure sb. of sth. (=try to cause to believe or trust in sth.) 向…保证, 使…确信

  16. attach(to) (=to fix, fasten; join) 缚, 系 ,结­

  17. make an attempt at doing sth. (to do sth.) 试图做…­

  18. attend to (=give one’s attention, care and thought)注意,照顾;attend on(upon)(=wait upon, serve, look after) 侍候,照料­

  19. attitude to/ toward …对…的态度。看法­

  20. attribute…to…(=to believe sth. to be the result of…)把...归因于..,.认为...是...的结果­

  21. on the average (=on average, on an average) 平均­

  22. (be) aware of (=be conscious of , having knowledge or consciousness)意识到,知道

  23. at the back of (=behind) 在…后面­

  24. in the back of 在…后部(里面); on the back of 在…后部(外面); be on one’s back(=be ill in bed) 卧病不起

  25. at one’s back(=supporting or favoring sb.) 支持,维护; have sb. at one’s back 有…支持, 有…作后台­

  26. turn one’s back on sb. (=turn away from sb. in an impolite way) 不理睬(某人),背弃,抛弃­

  27. behind one’s back 背着某人(说坏话)­

  28. be based on / upon 基于­

  29. on the basis of 根据…, 在…基础上­

  30. beat…at 在…运动项目上打赢­

  31. begin with 以…开始. to begin with (=first of all) 首先, 第一(经常用于开始语)­

  32. on behalf of (=as the representative of) 以…名义­

  33. believe in(=have faith or trust in; consider sth./sb. to be true) 相信,依赖,信仰­

  34. benefit (from) 受益,得到好处

  35. for the benefit of 为了…的利益(好处)­

  36. for the better 好转­

  37. get the better of (=defeat sb.) 打败, 胜过

  38. by birth 在出生上,论出身,按血统 at birth 在出生时; give birth to 出生­

  39. blame sb. for sth. 因…责备某人 . blame sth. on sb. 把…推在某人身上­

  40. in blossom开花(指树木) be in blossom开花(强调状态) come into blossom开花(强调动作)­

  41. on board 到船上, 在船上, 上火车或飞机­

  42. boast of (or about) 吹嘘­

  43. out of breath 喘不过气来­

  44. in brief(=in as few words as possible)简言之­

  45. in bulk 成批地,不散装的­

  46. take the floor 起立发言­

  47. on business 出差办事。­

  48. be busy with sth。于某事。 be busy doing sth. 忙于做某事­

  49. last but one 倒数第二。­

  50. but for (=without) 要不是. 表示假设­

  51. buy sth. for…money 用多少钱买­

  52. be capable of 能够, 有能力­

be capable of being +过去分词:是能够被…的­

  1. in any case(=for love or money, at any rate, at any price, at any cost, whatever happens; anyhow)无论如何

  2. in case (=for fear that) 万一

  3. in case of (=in the event of)如果发生…万一­

in the case of 至于…, 就…而言­

  1. in no case在任何情况下都不(放句首倒装句)­

  2. be cautious of 谨防­

  3. center one’s attention on(=focus one’s attention on) 把某人的注意力集中在…上­

  4. be certain of (=be sure of) 有把握, 一定。­

  5. for certain of (=for sure )肯定地,有把握地­

  6. by chance(=accidentally, by accident)偶然

最后,希望你们都可以顺利通过啦~

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  1. imbalance=disorder=unequal=disproportionate n.不平衡,紊乱

能证实这一趋势的例子不胜枚举,可信手拈来。

  Generation Gap

图片 2

 

constrictive adj. 建设性的;有积极影响的

  narrow v. 使变窄;缩小 adj. 狭窄的

  1. describe=tell 描述v.

自我管束

  虽然我们社会生活的诸多方面,已经得到了改善,但年轻人与老年人之间的代沟仍然存在,甚至在扩大。

 

正如卡通的标题所言,……

  be accustomed to 习惯于

 

培养人们对……正确的态度

  influence n./v. 影响

  1. on its own=alone 自身

b. What a wise man once put is just the implication of the cartoon: ….

  代沟

  1. staff=employee=worker 员工n.

convincing adj. 有说服力的;可信的

  I think in order to narrow the gap, both parts should try to understand and respect each other, instead of trying to change others as they wish. Diversity doesn't mean conflict so long as they hold the right attitude towards the problems.

 

h. Under the ridiculous appearance of the cartoon is a principle that…

  so long as 只要

  1. surroundings=environment=circumstance 环境 n.

wellbeing n. 福利;良性状态

  trend n. 趋势,潮流 v. 趋向

  1. organism=living thing=life form=wildlife =an animal, plant, human, or any other living thing n.有机的

pose impacts on 对……造成影响

  civilization n. 文明

 

处罚和罚款

  revolutionary adj. 革命的 n. 革命者

  1. postpone=put back=delay=adjourn 延期,推迟 v.

在我看来,本图为我们讲述的道理不仅适用于个人,也适用于团体、组织、甚至国家。对于国家和组织而言,……。总而言之,正是……推动着我们复杂的现代社会在不断运转。

  individualism n. 个人主义

 

作文结构如下:

  依我来看,因为受西方个人主义的影响,年轻人不再盲目跟随老人们的说法,而这导致了差距。年轻人富有创造性和革新的力量,始终顺应潮流,喜欢变化。而老人们则习惯了过去的一切,不喜欢改变。同时也有越来越多的不同信仰和哲学思想,这自然造成了年轻人与老年人持有不同意见。

 

显然,我们应该理性对待这个问题!具体而言,媒体应该让人们充分认识到……。同时,……

  【词汇表达亮点】

 

apparently adv. 显而易见地

  conflict n./v. 冲突

  1. achievement=attainment=progress=breakthrough=accomplishment n.成就

f. Apparently, the drawing aims to emphasize the importance of …

  我认为,想要缩小差距,双方应尽量相互理解和尊重,而不是以他们自己的意愿来试图改变别人。只要他们持有应对问题的正确态度,多元化并不意味着冲突。

 

第一段:

  be hostile to 对……有敌意,与……敌对

 

contemporary adj. 当今的,当代的

  1. 现代生活越来越好,但老年人和年轻人之间的代沟却依然不可逾越

 

作为大学生,通常会遇到……的选择。这时,我们应该谨记,……

  Directions: Write a composition entitled Generation Gap. You should write at least 120 words according to the outline given below in Chinese:

 

b. What can account for this trend?

  philosophical ideas 哲学思想

37.present inhabitant=descendant 居民

d. What are the contributing factors to this trend?

  diversity n. 差异;多样性

2.expertise=skill 专门技术n.

……的一幕正在从卡通中呈现出来,即……

  aspect n. 方面,方位

  1. be referred to as=be known as=be regarded as 被称为

通过这种暗喻,卡通作者在提醒我们,也在提醒图中的所有角色,……

  blindly adv. 盲目地,轻率地

  1. field=domain=territory=industry=sector领域 n.

【五】分析成因

  In my opinion, because of the influence of individualism from western civilization, the youths do not blindly follow what the elders say, that causes the gap. The young are creative and revolutionary, always go along with the trend and like changing. While the old, accustomed to everything of the past, are hostile to change. Also with more and more different beliefs and philosophical ideas, it is natural the young hold different opinions from the old.

 

官方干预

 

 

第二段:点明寓意 | 列举范例 | 分析成因 | 说明影响

  creative adj. 创造性的

  1. draw on=absorb=do with吸收 v.

我们应该解决戒绝这种不良行为,但该如何戒绝呢?

  【范文】

 

be associated with 与……有关联

TEST 3

司空见惯的是……

34.regard as=consider to 把…认作

校方的引导和干预

  1. illustrate=show=be a sign=demonstrate=mean=make clear=reflect=tell=be evidence=reveal 表明,显示 v.

• intervention from environment groups

  1. considerable=plenty=big=major=important数量可观的 adj.

工商管理部门的干预

 

b. From my point of view, what the picture suggests will be not only applied to individuals, but also to the groups, organizations or nations. Organizations and nations, …. To sum up, it is … that drives our complicated modern society work.

  1. advance=progress=development=growth=increase进步 n.

……方面的这些变化可能对……大有裨益,更可能推动……

  1. decrease=reduce=fall=drop 下降v.

难道下面的这些例子不足以证实这种趋势吗?

 

e. The past X years witnessed …, which triggered …, and in turn provoked …

  1. underestimate=to think or guess that something is smaller, cheaper, easier etc than it really is=to think that someone is not as good, clever, or skilful, as they really are低估 v.

……方面的这些变化可能对……造成危害,更可能危及……

  1. time limit=deadline时间限制,期限 n.

【九】对策建议

  1. newspapers, television=media媒体n.

这幅图让人很自然的联想到当今社会的一种普遍现象——……

 

abstract v. 抽象;概括;归纳;总结

  1. speed up=increase speed=quicken up=accelerate speed加速 v.

显而易见,本图意在强调……的重要性。

9.calculate=measure 计算 v.

【六】说明影响

 

• the awareness that … should be provoked by media, schools, or families

  1. distraction=something that stops you paying attention to what you are doing分心的事物 n.

abundant adj. 大量的;丰富的

 

g. This picture is naturally associated with a wide-spreading phenomenon in contemporary society—…

  1. claim=say=state=insist=argue=think=believe声称 v.

c. Unfolded in the cartoon is a(an) ______ that ……

  1. limitation=restricted=disadvantage=drawback=liability=the downside n.限制

detrimental adj. 有害的;有负面影响的

  1. produce=form=create=generate生产 v.

动  词:depicted (描绘)/ displayed(展现)/ exhibited(展现)/ unfolded(展现)/ portrayed(描绘)

  1. require=desire=order=command要求 v.

描述细节 | 引向主题

 

e. Just as the headline of the cartoon reads, …

 

• take an active part in the campaign of …

 

怎么解释这种……呢?很多人认为,……引起了……,进而导致了……。这种因果链合情合理,但无法涵盖全部因素。实际上,……才是……的主要原因。

 

elevating adj. 提升的;促进的

 

能证实这一趋势的例子不胜枚举,但如下范例足矣。

TEST 2

【二】引向主题

 

doctrine n. 教条;道理

 

d. Cases to prove this trend are abundant, but the one to come will suffice.

  1. comment=remark=thing to say=point=statement= announcement=declaration=observation评论

put v. 说

  1. perception=idea=insight=viewpoint感觉,领悟n.

b. Emerging from the cartoon is a(an) ______scene that ……….

 

b. Any solutions?  Why not do…? What about doing…? Are not these countermeasures sufficient to put an end to the problem?

  1. release=issue=launch=convey=public=deliver 发行,发表v.

是什么导致了这一趋势呢?

 

文章来源老付考研

  1. categorize=class / type=sort=classify=be grouped=grade v.分类

这种趋势的成因是什么呢?

 

• self-control

 

【七】结论观点

  1. field=area=branch=world=domain=realm=sphere领域 n.

没收非法所得

  1. unique=have the distinction=distinct=different=extraordinary=special独特的 adj.

• intervention from business administration department

  1. education=literacy=cultivation 教育n.

d. What the cartoon conveys can be summarized as a motto / a doctrine / a simple truth that ….

  1. similar=resemble=like=alike相似的adj.

d. The cartoon sets its background on …. …, while ….

 

有解决办法吗?何不……?何不……?难道这些对策还不足以解决这个问题吗?

 

【三】点明寓意

  1. promotion=marketing 营销n.

c. Meanwhile the caption of the cartoon is reminding them, as well as all of us, that…

  1. cold temperature=freezing weather=chilly=frosty=wintry=cold snap adj.寒冷的

a. Will not the following cases suffice to prove this trend?

5.fault=flaw=defect=trouble=bug=virus=be something wrong with=be something matter with n.缺陷,缺点

b. I intend to …, our schoolmates should …, and the society should ….

 

• intervention from civil administration department

  1. oversimplify=incomplete=simplistic=generalize=see things in black and white adj. 过于简化的,不完整的

a. There should be some countermeasures. Firstly, … In addition, …

 

附录:具体对策(添入上段省略号部分)

  1. intuition=the ability to understand or know something because of a feeling rather than by considering the facts=instinct 直觉 n.

• confiscate one’s illegal gains

  1. identify=name=recognize=diagnose 确定,认同 v.

卡通展现出的是……,即……

TEST 1

e. It is not surprising to find that …

  1. advanced=developed=sophisticated=high-tech 先进的 adj.

第三段:结论观点 | 态度决心 | 对策建议

 

正如卡通的标题写道,……

  1. increase=surge=rise=gain=grow=go up=add=escalate 上升v.

过去X年目睹了……,这引发了……,进一步有引起了……

 

toxic adj. 有毒的;有害的

 

happen to 恰好……

 

各句菜单如下:

  1. young people=teenager=youth=in your teens=adolescent=minor年轻人n.

一位智者的言论恰好就是这幅图的意义:……

 

implication n. 意译;寓意

  1. find one's way=navigate 导航 v.

环保部门的干预

 

怎么解释这种趋势呢?

  1. more than one language=bilingual=sb's second language多种语言n.

g. Not surprisingly, …. Equally unsurprisingly, …

  1. refer to=mention=allude to=touch on 提到 v.

同时,卡通的标题在提醒他们,也在提醒我们每一个人,……

 

• penalties and fines

TEST 4

怎么解决这个难题呢?

 

b. Are there any other cases more convincing than the one to come to prove this trend?

 

a. A proverb can summarize the extended meaning of the cartoon : ….

  1. provision=when you provide something that someone needs now or in the future 提供 n.

的确,有了X的支持,我们每个人都看似……,但我们必须看到X的副作用:……

 

c. Cases to prove this trend are abundant and within easy reach.

 

a. I used to ponder and wonder …. With the enlightenment from the picture that… I am determined to …  Specifically, I intend to …, to …, and to …

 

provoke v. 引起;唤起

 

卡通所传达的信息可以归结为一句格言/一个道理/一句简单的真理,……

  1. accompany=when=keep company=be associated with 陪伴,伴随v.

不足为奇的是……

  1. urban=city=town=municipal 城市的 adj.

积极参与……运动

 

suffice v. 足以做某事

 

c. The implication of the cartoon can be abstracted as a motto: …

  1. economically=in a way that is related to systems of money, trade, or business经济上地 adv.

e. What a wise man once put happens to be the implication of this cartoon that ….

 

校纪校规

 

相应的法律和法规

 

a. The cartoonist is reminding / warning / imparting / endowing / informing us that ….

  1. distinguish=recognize the difference=differentiate 区别v.

principle n. 道理;原理

39.float=afloat v.浮动

c. What are the explanations for the trend?

  1. operate=act=run运转 v.

d. Just as is put in the caption of this cartoon, …

 

destructive adj. 有破坏作用的

  1. handicap=difficult=obstacle=hindrance=bar=deterrent 障碍,困难n.

我曾经在思考,……。图片告知我……,在图片的启发下,我决定……。具体而言,我打算……,……,并且……。

 

这幅卡通的寓意,可以被归结为一句格言:……

  1. remain=keep=stay=maintain保持 v.

f. What are the explanations for this …? It occurs to most of us that …lead to …, and in turn cause ….. This chain of cause-and-effect makes sense but cannot cover all the aspects. Actually, …. is the major contributing factors to…

TEST 2

a. A(An) ______scene is emerging from the cartoon that ……

 

trigger n. (枪的)扳机;v. 触发,引发

18.delivery=export or import 运输 n.

e. We are supposed to put an end to the delinquency, but how?

  1. traditional=old-fashioned=outdated=outmoded=unfashionable传统的adj.

• self-discipline

  1. change=shift=alter=transfer 改变v.

• the right attitude to … should be nurtured by ….

  1. moral=relating to the principles of what is right and wrong behavior, and with the difference between good and evil 道德上的,与道德有关的 adj.

我们怎么走出这种阴影呢?我们可以……。也可以……。

 

我打算……。我的校友们应该……。社会应该……。

  1. focus on=deals only with=concentrate专注于 v.

自律

  1. defensive=used or intended to protect someone or something against attack 防御n.

a. What has contributed to this trend?

 

• corresponding laws and regulations

 

怎么解释这种趋势呢?

1.drastically : extreme and sudden adv.彻底地

• self-regulation

  1. beneficial=be good for you/ do somebody good=wholesome=nutritious=nourishing=healthful有益的 adj.

名  词:scenario(场景), plot(情节), act(幕)

3.remain=stay=keep=continue to be=still v.保持

ridiculous adj. 滑稽的

  1. deny=refuse=withhold 否认 v.

某位智者曾经所说的话,恰好就是这幅卡通的寓意:……

  1. destination=goal=end point=terminus目的地n.

建立新的社会规范

  1. teach=educate=cultivate=nature 教育v.

卡通的背景是……,其中(角色一)……,而(角色二)……

  1. expand= get bigger=grow=swell up=stretch扩张,扩大v.

自我控制

 

【四】列举范例

 

形容词:inspiring(激动人心的), soul-encouraging(鼓舞人心的), ironic(讽刺的), sarcastic(讽刺的), informative(内涵丰富的), instructive(有意义的), astonishing(令人震惊的), alarming(惊人的)

  1. fragile=delicate脆弱的adj.

媒体监督和曝光

  1. programme=campaign=project 项目n.

f. We are supposed to put an end to the problem of …, but how? It is universally accepted that we are in desperate need of a package deal, including …, …, and …. However, is this deal comprehensive enough? Actually, we also need the awareness advocated by the mass media that …. With all the measures reinforcing each other, we can definitely draw the misery to an end.

 

要证实这种趋势,还有比如下范例更恰当的范例吗?

 

卡通图滑稽的表象下潜藏着一个真理,……

 

b. These changes … may be elevating / constructive / beneficial to …, let alone the contribution to ….

  1. compatible=use both method=well-matched=be made for each other=be a perfect match /pair/couple=be right for=be ideally suited adj.兼容的

菜单式写作

9. supplementary=assist=additional=extra=further=added=spare=more=another n.补充,帮助

proverb n. 谚语,俗语

  1. long-term=chronic=long=lengthy=long-running 长期的 adj.

卡通作者在提醒/警示/告知/告知/告知我们……

  1. address=solve=deal with=handle 处理 v.

ecological adj. 生态的

  1. agree=concur=go along with=fall in with=go with v.同意

民政部门的干预

 

媒体、学校和家庭应该让人们清醒的认识到……

  1. perform=do=conduct=dabble in 执行 v.

必须有一些对策。首先,……。其次,……

  1. evidence=proof=documentation 证据 n.

a. These changes … may be detrimental / destructive / poisonous / toxic to …, let alone the harm to ….

  1. increase=escalate=rise=go up=grow 上升v.

summarize v. 总结;概括

  1. assistant=helper=coach 助手 n.

这会危及生态、社会和个人的福祉。

  1. reduction=drop=concession=fall=decrease 下降 n.

f. It is not uncommon to see that …

  1. best=well=greatest=finest=ideal=top=number one =ultimate=optimum=definitive=unsurpassed=record-breaking极好的adj.

一句谚语可以概括这幅卡通的寓意:……

 

d. How can we crack this hard nut?

  1. prevent=resolve=forbid=stop 防止v.

从卡通中呈现出的是……的一幕,即……

 

b. By this metaphor, the author of the cartoon is reminding us, as well as all the characters in the picture, that …..

 

我们应该解决……问题,但如何是好呢?很多人认为,我们迫切需要一个一揽子计划,包括……,……,以及……。但是,这项计划综合程度够吗?实际上,我们需要通过媒体让人们充分认识到……。当上述措施交互作用、彼此促进时,我们一定能给这种悲剧画上完美的句号。

 

• new social norms should be set up

 

• official intervention

 

contributing factor 成因

 

motto n. 格言;警句

  1. consequently=thus=accordingly=hence=therefore=as a result 结果,因此 adv.

【一】描述细节

 

a. Evidently, we should take a rational attitude towards this issue! Specifically, the media should promote the awareness of ….Meanwhile, ….

 

• supervision and exposure from the mass media

  1. bring=confer=award=present=grant=confer=allocate=offer带来 v.

• disciplines and school regulation

 

c. As college students, frequently, we are to face the choice of …. At such moment, we are supposed to bear in mind that …

 

c. How can we step out of shadow? One part of solution may involve … And the other part of countermeasure may be …

 

d. Indeed, with the assistance of X each of us seems …, but we have to look at the side effect of X: ….

  1. restricted=limited 有限的adj.

• directions and intervention from school authorities

  1. inhabitant=resident=dweller居住者,居民 n.

【八】态度决心

  1. request=demand=claim=petition=appeal 要求 n.

convey v. 传达

  1. approximately=about=around=nearly 大约adv.

c. This may pose some negative impacts on the ecological, social, and personal wellbeing.

  1. fascinate=if someone or something fascinates you, you are attracted to them and think they are extremely interesting吸引,使着迷 v.

不足为奇的是……,同样不足为奇的是……。

  1. moral=ethical 道德的 adj.
  1. realistic=achievable 现实的adj.

 

 

  1. concern=worry=stress=anxiety=strain= a feeling of worry about something important关心,担心n.
  1. work=be an effective way=be useful=help=achieve=succeed=have an effect=happen=turn out 奏效v.
  1. recognize=know=identify=pick out 认出 v.
  1. proposal=suggestion=recommendation=proposition 提议 n.
  1. ultimate=someone's ultimate aim is their main and most important aim, that they hope to achieve in the future= final最终的,根本的 adj.

 

  1. affect=have an effect=have an impact=take effect= make a difference=impact影响 v.

 

 

 

 

 

 

36.certain=some=a measure of adj.一些

 

 

  1. access=entrance=entryway=way in 通路,进入 n.

 

 

22.cargo=freight=goods 货物 n.

  1. disturb=interrupt=bother=distract=put somebody off 打扰 v.
  1. growing old=ageing 变老

 

6.enough=sufficient=adequate=cover=meet somebody's need adj.足够的

 

  1. large=massive=huge=enormous=vast 巨大的 adj.

 

 

 

  1. monitor=watch=keep an eye on 监视 v.
  1. survival=the state of continuing to live or exist幸存n.

 

 

 

 

 

  1. follow=track=tail=shadow=hound=stalk=stalker跟随,跟踪v.

 

  1. pitfall=trap n.陷阱

5.narrow=focus on 缩小范围v.

28.grow=increase=rise=improve=go up=boost=expand=extend 增长 v.

 

 

  1. supply=provide=furnish=give 提供 v.
  1. newer=later=recent=present 新的adj.

 

  1. nature=plants/animals etc=somebody's character=qualities of something=type自然 n.
  1. farming=agriculture n.农业

 

 

  1. objective=impartial=neutral=not take sides=unbiased=disinterested客观的 adj.
  1. mental=relating to the health or state of someone's mind精神上的,心理的 adj.

 

 

 

 

 

  1. sufficient=abundant=enough=adequate 充足的 adj.

 

  1. devise=formulate=invent=create=come up with=make up=conceive=coin=dream up v.创造

 

  1. child=infant=kid 孩子n.

 

  1. isolated=inaccessible=distant=remote=faraway 隔离的, 边远的 adj.

 

  1. immortality : the state of living for ever or being remembered for ever adj.不朽的
  1. permit=allow=let=agree to=authorize 许可 v.

 

  1. optimal=better=best adj.最佳的
  1. city=metropolitan=urban=town=village=civic=municipal=downtown n.城市
  1. liberty=freedom=a free hand自由 n.

 

  1. feed=eat=have=chew=swallow=consume 喂食 v.

 

 

  1. spacious=largely=big=huge=vast=enormous=immense adj.广阔的

 

  1. examine=analyse=survey=inspect=study=detect=investigate检查,调查 v.
  1. imitate=copy=impersonate=follow one's example 模仿 v.

 

 

 

  1. achieve=make=succeed=manage=make progress=accomplish=get results v.达成

11.plan=prepare=design 计划 v.

  1. aim=purpose=point=idea=objective=object=goal=target=end目的 n.

 

 

 

  1. derive=originate=come from=stem from起源 v.
  1. admit=acknowledge=confess=to tell the truth 承认 v.

 

 

  1. distortion=a change for the worse=deformation扭曲,曲解 v.

 

  1. hand signal=gesture=body language 手势n.
  1. outline= to describe something in a general way, giving the main points but not the details概述 v.

 

  1. psychology=the study of the mind and how it influences people's behavior 心理学 n.

 

 

 

  1. fatigue=tiredness=exhaustion=drowsiness 疲劳 n.
  1. coin=invent=make=create=come up with 发明,创造 v.

 

  1. phenomenon=something that happens or exists in society, science, or nature, especially something that is studied because it is difficult to understand 现象 n.

TEST 3

 

 

28.to be defined=unanswered 无答案的

  1. resource=material=source资源,来源 n.

28.realize=consciously consider=occur to=become aware=sink in=strike=hit=wake up to the fact that v.想到

 

 

 

 

  1. community=organization=group=body团体n.

 

 

 

 

  1. distort=to change the appearance, sound, or shape of something so that it is strange or unclear; to report something in a way that is not completely true or correct=misinterpret 扭曲,歪曲 v.

 

 

 

  1. consist of=be made up of=be composed of=comprise 由…组成

 

  1. important=vital=essential=crucial重要的adj.
  1. official=authority=leader=supervisor 官员 n.

 

  1. format=pattern n.格式

 

 

  1. be divided into=separate=split=break up=break down 分开 v.

 

 

 

23.study=research=analyse=do/conduct research v.研究

 

  1. foster=cultivate=raise=nurture培养,养育 v.

 

 

 

  1. influence=effect=side effect=impact=what something does to=the implications 影响 n.

 

 

 

  1. stable=characteristic=constant=steady=fixed=unchanging adj.稳定的

11.drought=no rain at all=dry=dusty adj.干旱的

 

 

 

 

 

 

  1. concentrate=pay attention=put one's mind on=attentive 专注 v.

 

  1. set up=establish=found=start=open 建立

 

 

 

  1. predecessor=someone who had your job before you started doing it 前辈,前任n.
  1. actor=star 演员n.
  1. misunderstanding=confusion 误解n.
  1. manifest=show=reveal=present 显示 v.

10.consistent=lasting=stay the same=constant=unchanging adj.持续的

 

 

  1. cause=reason=factor=origin=root 原因 n.

 

 

  1. engage=give somebody a job=employ=take on=appoint=recruit=sign up雇佣 v.

 

31.describe=name=express=give a description of=talk about=write about=give an account of=tell of v.描述

 

  1. link to=be connected with=be linked with把…和…相联系v.
  1. detect=analyse=explore=research=survey=investigate=inspect 察觉,发现 v.

 

27.reveal=show=demonstrate=let somebody see=present=expose=let somebody take a look v.显示

 

 

 

 

 

 

31.well-being=health 健康 n.

  1. interact=if people interact with each other, they talk to each other, work together etc. 互动 v.

 

  1. facility=rooms, equipment, or services that are provided for a particular purpose 设备n.
  1. realistic=when pictures, films etc make things seem real=lifelike=realism=true to life=vivid实际的,现实的
  1. uniform=equal=homogeneous adj.均衡的

 

26.define=distinguish=tell the difference v.使明确

 

  1. self-conscious=worried and embarrassed about what you look like or what other people think of you自觉的 n.

8.athlete=sportsmen and women 运动员n.

 

 

 

  1. be halved=decline by 50% 减半

TEST 4

  1. intense=strong=passionate=powerful=fervent 强烈的adj.

 

  1. long-term=long-run=long-period长期的 adj.
  1. measure=weigh=time=take=read 测量 v.

 

 

  1. potential=possible=underlying=likely=expected=latent 潜在的,可能的adj.

16. particular=extraordinary=special=detail=specific=unique特别的,独有的adj.

  1. settle on=make choice of=decide on选定 v.
  1. success rate=positive result=achievement=progress=breakthrough=accomplishment n.成就

 

  1. wet=marshy=soaked=waterlogged=awash adj.湿的
  1. impression=infection=effect=influence=affection印象,感想 n.
  1. blind=can not see瞎的adj.
  1. reluctant=unwilling=not willing=drag your feet=be loath to do something=conservative勉强的adj.

 

  1. destroy=devastate=wreck=obliterate 毁灭 v.
  1. adapt=adjust=get used to=become/grow accustomed to 适应 v.

 

  1. key=contributing factor=important=major=significant=critical n.关键

9.shift=switch=transfer=move=jerk v.转换

 

 

 

  1. suffer=be afflicted 忍受(病痛)v.
  1. sedimentation=the natural process by which small pieces of rock, earth etc settle at the bottom of the sea etc and form a solid layer 积淀 n.
  1. beneficial=valuable=profitable=good 有益的 adj.

 

  1. ancestor=early people=predecessor 祖先n.

 

 

 

  1. predict=anticipate=forecast=foretell=prediction=projected=guess in advance预测 v.
  1. test in real=field test 实地测试

 

 

 

 

  1. revive=renaissance复兴 v.
  1. generate=produce=bring into existence=make=manufacture产生 v.
  1. common=persistent=normal=usual=ordinary=everyday 常见的adj.

 

 

  1. exemplify= example=case=instance=to be a very typical example of something=to give an example of something 例证 v.

20.feeling=emotional response / sensory=a sense of=passion n. 感觉

 

  1. meditation: the practice of emptying your mind of thoughts and feelings, in order to relax completely or for religious reasons n.冥想,沉思

 

 

 

 

 

 

  1. recognize=certify=accept=acknowledge承认 v.

 

  1. community=all the people in a particular area, city, country etc.群体,团体,社区n.
  1. poor=lack of=impoverished 贫穷adj.

 

  1. inadequate=not enough=too little=few=scarce=insufficient=be in short supply=lack of something=be short 不足的 adj.
  1. together=face to face 共同

 

  1. valuable=precious=worthy宝贵的,珍贵的 adj.
  1. revision=change=shift=reform=alteration 改进 n.

 

 

 

  1. regardless of=despite of=take no notice of 不管,不顾
  1. consult=ask somebody's advice=seek advice=get/obtain advice资询v.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

  1. hidden=disguised=concealed=veiled 隐藏的 adj.

 

  1. substance=a particular type of solid, liquid, or gas 物质 n.
  1. observation post=watchtower 瞭望塔 n.

 

  1. include=consist of=comprise=be composed of= be made up of包含,包括 v.

 

 

 

 

 

  1. compare=determination of variation=contrast=liken=make a comparison=draw an analogy=draw a parallel v.对比
  1. conventional=traditional=conformist=conservative 传统的 v.
  1. interfere=intrude=disrupt=meddle 干扰 v.
  1. emission=a gas or other substance that is sent into the air排放物,散发物n.

 

 

  1. crime= illegal activities in general犯罪 n.

 

  1. middle-year education=lower secondary school 中学

 

  1. achievement=attainment=gain=success 成就n.
  1. inherit=run in family=receive=get=be given=be awarded v.继承

 

  1. limb=arm or leg=body=organ 四肢 n.
  1. container=plastic or glass tube n.容器

 

 

24.4smell=odour=scent n.气味

 

  1. create=generate=form=produce v.形成

 

  1. dispose=to arrange things or put them in their places=arrange=settle=manage=cope with=deal with 安排,处理 v.
  1. reward=promotion or advancement=prize=benefit 奖励n.

 

 

  1. perceive=sense=see=spot=become aware of=observe 感知,感觉v.
  1. renewable=sustainable=recycling=environmentally friendly 可再生的 adj.

 

  1. quotation= a sentence or phrase from a book, speech etc which you repeat in a speech or piece of writing because it is interesting or amusing 引言n.
  1. task=job=work=labour 任务,工作 n.
  1. be Successful=prosper=do well=succeed=thrive 成功
  1. teach=educate=train=coach=instruct=bring up教学v.
  1. form= type= way something is/appears=shape形式 n.
  1. absorb=digest=take in=assimilate 吸收 v.
  1. implement=carry on=execute=put sth. Into practice 实行 v.
  1. perception=idea=notion=view=belief=insight 认识,观念,看法 n.

 

  1. athletic=physically strong and good at sport=fit=be in shape=be in good condition运动的 adj.

 

 

  1. impressive=greatest=touching=unforgettable 印象深刻的 adj.
  1. immense=big=major=considerable=great=huge/enormous=tremendous=large scale/large-scale巨大的 adj.
  1. quantity=how many=amount 数量n.
  1. lessen=minimize=subside=lighten=relieve=ease=allay v.减少

29.respect=credibility=weight=hour=admiration=consideration尊重n.

16.discover=explore=find / unearth=turn up v.开发,发现

 

33.do not smell=odorless 没有气味的

 

  1. occur=happen=take place=there is=come about=come up=turn up=arise=strike发生v.

 

  1. concept=abstract idea=definition 定义n.

 

  1. feel=perceive=think=find=experience=notice=have an opinion 感觉v.

 

  1. throughout=around=wholly=everywhere=end-to-end自始至终,到处,全部 adv.

 

 

 

  1. victim=someone who has been attacked, robbed, or murdered受害者 n.
  1. decline=reduction=fall=slump=decrease=recession 下降n.

 

TEST 3

 

 

  1. parapsychology: the scientific study of mysterious abilities that some people claim to have, such as knowing what will happen in the future n.通灵学
  1. maintain=continue=carry on=keep up=preserve 维持 v.
  1. poverty= being poor贫穷n.

 

  1. previously=before=earlier=formerly 先前 adv.

 

32.impossible=out of the question=unlikely 不可能 adj.

  1. volunteer=subject实验研究对象n.
  1. adapt=accessible=get used to=become/grow accustomed to=adjust to v.适应,可接近的

 

  1. exist=there is/are=be found=occur 存在 v.

 

 

  1. curriculum=course=syllabus课程n.

 

21. exceptional=good=excellent=outstanding=brilliant=impressive=admirable超常的,例外的adj.

  1. guarantee=promise=assure=give somebody your word=swear=vow=commit to=pledge保证 v.
  1. building=property=construction n.建筑

 

 

29.husbands and wives=marriage partner / spouse=couple=newlyweds夫妇

  1. ignite=light=inflame点燃 v.
  1. principle=law=conscience=scruples n.原则,法则

 

 

  1. initiate=start=launch=open=set in motion 开始,发起 v.

 

 

  1. participate=be involved in=take part in=join 参加v.

 

  1. chance=likelihood=fortune=hope=possibility=opportunity=risk=luck 机会n.

 

  1. view=belief=opinion=insight=perception 观点 n.
  1. priority=preferential=the most important=overriding 优先 n.

 

  1. produce=make=manufacture=create=fashion 生产 v.
  1. storyline=narrative=plot 故事情节n.
  1. trial=experiment=test n.实验

 

TEST 4

Cambridge 4

  1. warn=caution=alert=give sb. a warning 警告 v.
  1. investigate=make inquiries=enquiries=go into=probe=look into 调查v.
  1. due to=because=since=owing to=thanks to=as a result of 因为

 

 

 

 

  1. raise=lift=lift up=pick up=scoop up 使…上升 v.

 

  1. administer=manage=conduct=implement=perform执行,管理 v.
  1. convince=persuade=win sb. over=satisfy 使确信 v.
  1. however=but=yet 但是
  1. adapt to=get used to=become accustomed to=adjust to 适应 v.
  1. self-confidence=assertiveness=confidence 自信n.

 

  1. impetus=momentum=stimulus=incentive=motivation=encouragement 动机,动力 n.

 

 

  1. peer=the people who are at the same age as you, or who have the same type of job, social class etc.同龄人,伙伴 n.

 

  1. immunity=resistance n.免疫力

 

  1. subject views=outlook=personal/individual views=personal/individual opinions 主观观点 n.

35.push to one's limits=test one's limits 挑战极限

  1. link=correlation=connection=relationship 关系n.

 

 

 

  1. exaggerate=overstate夸张,夸大 v.

 

 

  1. remuneration=payment 酬金n.

 

 

24.landscape=environment=nature=surrounding=circumstance=view风景n.

 

  1. figure out=settle=decide=tell=understand 理解,想出 v.
  1. coincidental : happening completely by chance without being planned adj.巧合的

34.surrounding=environment=circumstance 环境 n.

 

  1. different=individual=not like=vary=not the same=contrast with=diverse adj.独特的
  1. cue=implication=reminder=hint=evidence提示,信号,暗号n.

 

  1. limited=minimal 有限的adj.

 

 

Cambridge 6

  1. refute=not mean=rebut=deny 反驳v.

 

  1. legitimate=have every right to do=legal=right=authorized 合法的adj.

 

  1. limit=minimize=maximum=the most=ceiling=cut-off point v.限制

 

 

  1. average-sized=medium-sized adj. 中等的

 

 

 

  1. differ from=unusual与…不同v.
  1. courier=a person or company that is paid to take packages somewhere快递员 n.

 

 

 

 

  1. initiative=on your own/by yourself=independently=on your own initiative=under your own steam=to be the person who starts something=plan=law主动的,自发的adj. 主动权n.
  1. inexorable=inevitable=unstoppable=remorseless adj.无法改变的
  1. be similar to=like=resemble=bear a resemblance to=akin to 相似 v.

 

 

 

  1. complaint=complain=make a complaint=protest=object=complain抱怨n.
  1. artificial intelligence=reasoning in machine人工智能 n.

38.relevance n.关联

  1. pick out=identify=recognize=know=tell v.认出,识别

 

 

  1. limited=restricted=exhaustible=finite有限的adj.

 

  1. encompass=include=contain=cover包含,围绕 v.

 

 

  1. ordinary=standard=common=usual=general普通的,平常的adj.

32.lack=do not exist=not enough=scarce=inadequate=insufficient=in short supply v.缺乏的

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

  1. create=introduce=invent=make sth. do sth.=be the cause=lead to sth. v..发明
  1. alternative=substitute=replacement替代物 n.

 

  1. compare=to examine or judge two or more things in order to show how they are similar to or different from each other=liken=make a comparison=draw an analogy=draw a parallel=contrast 比较 v.

 

 

 

  1. invention=device=creation=innovation n.发明,装置

 

  1. zone=airspace=region=area=district=quarter=block=suburb n.区域

 

 

  1. official=formal=authorized=on (the) record官方的,正式的 adj.

 

27.supply=provision=support 供给 n.

 

 

  1. class="type"=kind=sort=style=category=variety种类n.

 

12.improve=grow=get better 进步 v.

 

  1. machinery=machines, especially large ones= a system or set of processes for doing something=machine=device=robot=appliance=mechanism 机械 n.

 

  1. whereas=however=while=nevertheless=but=yet然而,但是 adv.

 

 

  1. inhabitant=resident=population=citizen=local 居民 n.

15.intense=strong=passionate=powerful=deep adj.强烈的

  1. expose=show=reveal=present=let sb. see 暴露,揭发 v.

 

 

  1. short=scarce=limited=insufficient 短缺的adj.

 

 

  1. money=profit=benefit=income=currency 钱n.

 

 

 

 

 

 

18.pattern=trade / commodity=business n.贸易

  1. involve with=associate with=link to=relate to与…有关联 v.
  1. downward=fall=drop=downhill 下降的 adj.
  1. disobey : to refuse to do what someone with authority tells you to do, or refuse to obey a rule or law v.不服从
  1. financial support=fund=financial aid 资助

3.employ=analyze=study 使用v.

  1. in addition=besides=additionally=too=also=as well 除此之外

 

  1. link to=make something contingent on=associate with=connect with=relate to 联系起来
  1. remote=distant 遥远的 adj.
  1. survive=continuing existence幸存,活下来v.

 

 

 

  1. maternal=mother=female 母亲的adj.

 

  1. disease=medical complain=illness 病痛 n.
  1. decrease=crash=reduction=fall=drop 下降 n.

 

 

 

  1. therapist=someone who has been trained to give a particular form of treatment for physical or mental illness临床医学家n.
  1. target=goal=aim 目标n.
  1. demanding=difficult=hard=challenging=tough 要求高的,艰难的 adj.

 

  1. due to=because of=as a result of=thanks to=owing to 因为
  1. collapse=failure=fall 崩塌,失败 n.
  1. notice=see=spot=be aware of=be conscious of 注意到 v.

  2. retain=keep=save=hold on to 保持 v.

 

  1. emerge=appear=become visible=come into view/come into sight=come out=reappear 出现 v.

 

 

 

 

 

  1. waste=unwanted materials=rubbish=garbage=trash 废物 n.

 

  1. contract=agreement=understanding=compromise 合约 n.

 

  1. passing of time=flow of time 时光的流逝
  1. identity=someone's identity is their name or who they are 身份n.

 

 

  1. create=establish=invent=start up=open=set up=found=inception v.创建
  1. less successful student=struggler 差等生

 

  1. effort=hard work=work at=push yourself=labour n.努力
  1. establish=found=build=set up 建立 v.
  1. divide=split=separate=break up=break down=take apart=take something to piece v. 分开
  1. circumstance=system n.环境,系统

 

  1. allow for=make sth. Possible 使…成为可能

20.international=ocean=global=worldwide 国际的 adj.

 

 

  1. attempt=purpose=order=effort 尝试,努力

 

 

 

 

 

 

  1. insight=comprehension=understanding理解,见解 n.
  1. plague=infest=troublesome v.折磨
  1. inevitable=certain to happen and impossible to avoid不可避免的adj.
  1. regular=daily 定期的adj.

 

 

 

 

  1. feed on=prey on 以…为食

6.reproduce=copy=replicate=repeat 复制v.

  1. life span=duration of life 寿命

 

 

 

  1. hazard=risk=danger=threat障碍,危险n.
  1. enable=make something possible=allow=permit=pave the way for=clear the way for使能够 v.

 

25.interpretation=be considered to be=understanding=reading n.理解

  1. repetition=doing or saying the same thing many times重复 n.
  1. job=work=assignment 工作n.

 

  1. assist=help=aid=give a hand=do sth. For 协助 v.

TEST 3

 

 

 

  1. break=shatter=crack打碎,打破 v.

 

  1. relate to=depend on=link to=associate with=involve with 与…有关系 v.

 

 

 

 

  1. weather=meteorological=climate=condition n.气候
  1. where to live=habitat居住地n.

 

 

 

 

  1. positive=optimistic=uplifting 积极的 adj.
  1. increase=go up/rise=grow=climb=gain=escalate=expand=pick up=widen=intensify=build up增加
  1. effective=useful=beneficial=good=needed 有效的 adj.

27.damage=impair=break=do/cause damage=scratch v.损害

 

  1. initial=original=premier最初的,开始的 adj.
  1. significance=impressive=meaning=sense n.重要性

 

 

19.relate to=associate with=link to / connect to=identify with 联系

  1. environment=condition=light, sound, warmth=situation=circumstance n.环境

 

16.weakening=less=reduced=decreased 下降的adj.

  1. aviation disaster=sky accident=air crash 空难

 

 

  1. prevent=stop=restrain=hold back=discourage 阻止 v.

 

 

  1. organize=co-ordinate=arrange=set out=put something in order=line up v.组织,使协调
  1. decline=decrease=reduce=fall=drop 下降 v.

7.funded support=finance 资金n.

 

  1. innate=built-in adj.先天的

 

 

 

  1. establish=build=found=set up=start 建立 v.
  1. stumbling block=difficulty=trouble n.麻烦
  1. accompany=with=together=along with=come wit陪伴,伴随

 

 

  1. establish=determine=identify=pinpoint=diagnose=to start a new business or organization.建立新的生意/组织 v.

 

 

  1. sophisticated=advanced=high-tech=complex=complicated 复杂的

 

 

 

 

 

  1. theoretical=relating to the study of ideas, especially scientific ideas, rather than with practical uses of the ideas or practical experience理论的 adj.

 

14.transport=import or export=deliver 运输 v.

 

  1. situation= circumstances=position=case=plight情况,状况 n.

 

 

 

 

 

雅思阅读:剑4~剑8阅读的所有同义词转换 雅思必考词汇

 

  1. prompt=result in=lead to=make somebody do something=cause somebody to do something=lead somebody to do something=motivate=induce somebody to do something v. 导致
  1. improve=develop=evolve=get better=catch up=pick up=things are looking up v.发展,进化
  1. detailed=explicit=specific 细节的adj.
  1. boundary=border=edge=outskirts=frontier 边界 n.

Cambridge 5

 

 

 

  1. radical=not traditional=new=unconventional 激进的adj.

 

  1. launch=coin=project=release=issue创新,开辟 v.
  1. connection=relationship=link=correlation联系 n.

 

 

  1. research=study=investigation=survey 研究n.

 

 

 

 

  1. ambitious=ambition=power-hungry/power-mad=competitive= determined to be successful, rich, powerful etc.有志向的,雄心壮志的 adj.

 

 

  1. limit=restrict=constrain=confine=keep to 限制 v.

 

 

 

 

 

  1. interior=inner=inside 内部的 adj.
  1. deteriorate=get worse=go down=decline 变坏 v.
  1. strategy=way=method=approach=technique=system=tactics 方法,功略n.

 

  1. accommodation=live=living condition 住宿n.
  1. blame=to say or think that someone or something is responsible for something bad责备,怪罪 v.
  1. independent=self-reliant 自立的 adj.
  1. sufficient=enough 足够的adj.

 

  1. show=reveal=uncover=indicate=point out=imply 表明

 

  1. match to=suit to 合适
  1. determine=establish=identify=pinpoint=diagnose 决定v.
  1. correct answer=accuracy n.精确

 

  1. exercise=physical activity 运动n.
  1. focus on=emphasize=aim at=concentrate on 集中于
  1. occur=happen=exist=come发生 v.

 

TEST 1

  1. hunt=search for=look for=try to find=in search of 打猎v.

 

  1. detect=perceive=explore=sense发觉,觉察v.

 

 

  1. unusual=rare=strange=uncommon罕见的,不寻常的 adj.
  1. threat=danger=intimidation 威胁 n.
  1. visible=disclosed=obvious=noticeable 可见的adj.

 

  1. judge=rate=criticize=assess=evaluate=gauge=appraise 评判v.
  1. carry out=implement=put sth. into practice=execute 实行v.

 

  1. repeat=redo=retake=do sth. again 重复 v.

 

 

 

 

 

 

  1. suppress=control=restrain=repress=put down=oppress=inhibit=ban=forbid=stifle 压制 v.
  1. upgrade=improve=make sth.better=make improvements 改进,提高 v.
  1. considerable=significant=substantial=massive=marked大量的 adj.

 

7.main=largely=principal=chief=major=key=primary=prime=predominant=core adj.主要的:

  1. spectacular=impressive=imposing=striking=grand 壮观的 adj.

 

  1. process=procedure=method=approach过程 n.

 

 

 

  1. income=wealth=salary=wage=payment 收入n.
  1. poor=bad=badly=not very good=no good at something=weak贫穷的,可怜的adj.
  1. feedback=comment=advice=criticism 反馈n.

 

 

 

 

 

  1. aircraft=plane=by air n.飞机

2.carry out : subject to : 使服从

 

 

33.catch=exploit=capture 抓捕 v.

 

  1. detection=finding=observation 探测 n.
  1. undermine=destroy=damage=hurt=ruin 破坏 v.

 

 

 

  1. current=modern=recent=present最近的adj.

 

 

 

 

 

  1. diminish=reduce=decrease=fall=lessen=cut 减少,减小v.

 

TEST 2

  1. extinct=an extinct type of animal or plant does not exist anymore=disappear=vanish灭绝的,绝种的 adj.
  1. grant=award=present=confer=allocate给予 v.
  1. entail=involve v.包含
  1. require=demand=need=call for 要求v.
  1. theory=hypothesis=guess=guesswork 猜想n.
  1. calculate=measure=work out=figure=estimate=access 计算v.

 

10.event=championship 赛事 n.

 

 

  1. large numbers of=tens of thousands of=many 大量的
  1. primarily=mainly=largely=chiefly=principally 主要地 adv.
  1. did not have=without没有 v.

 

 

  1. specific=give (somebody) more details=expand on=enlarge on=go into more=greater detail=be more specific=be more explicit=elaborate特定的adj.

 

30.understanding=knowledge 了解 n.

  1. rely on=depend on 依靠v.

 

 

  1. mistaken view=misconception错误的观点n.
  1. convert=modify=transfer=adapt=customize 转变 v.
  1. talent=prodigy=skill=ability=craftsmanship=flair=have a knack=a natural ability to do something well n.才能,技能

 

 

 

 

  1. intensive=involving a lot of activity, effort, or careful attention in a short period of time=rapid=crash course密集的,加强的 adj.

 

  1. contribute to=play a part有助于v.
  1. careful=elaborate=conscientious=thorough=meticulous=methodical adj.仔细的,精心的
  1. pendulum : a long metal stick with a weight at the bottom that swings regularly from side to side to control the working of a clock n.钟摆

 

  1. label=display=call=brand=hail 贴标签,命名 v.

 

 

  1. burst=a short sudden effort or increase in activity=burst of anger/enthusiasm/temper etc 爆炸,突发

 

  1. explore=look for=discuss=think 探索 v.

 

  1. objective=aim=purpose=goal=target 目标 n.
  1. surprised=amazed=astonished=astounded=be taken aback=startled感到惊讶的adj.

 

  1. prolong=extend=drag out=spin out v.延伸,延长
  1. technique=strategy=skill=expertise=method=way 技术n.

 

 

 

  1. convenient= a thing or way of doing something that is easy and quick; a time or arrangement that is convenient 方便的 adj.

TEST 1

  1. tend to=prone to 倾向于

 

  1. delay=slow=prolong=postpone=procrastinate=shelve=put off延后v.

 

  1. overtake=catch up=sweep over赶上,压倒 v.

 

 

 

 

 

  1. overcome=win=get over=exceed克服,战胜 v.

 

 

  1. emerge=appear=come forth出现 v.

 

 

  1. averagely good=reasonable but not special 较好的
  1. explain=tell=say what/why/where etc=show=demonstrate=go through=throw/shed light on=set out解释v.

 

  1. insufficient=deficient=shortage=lack=scarcity不足的 adj.
  1. funding=money=funds=financial resource 资金,基金 n.
  1. public event=communal activity 公众、社交活动

 

 

 

  1. assessment=appraisal=evaluation=estimate=judgment评估,估计 v.
  1. emit= to send out gas, heat, light, sound etc 发出,放射 n.
  1. fulfill=qualify=achieve=keep=satisfy 完成v.

 

 

 

  1. simultaneous=at the same time=together=at once=at one time adj.同时的

 

  1. destruction=destroy=loss毁坏n.

 

 

  1. affect=afflict=influence=change 影响v.
  1. pesticide: a chemical substance used to kill insects and small animals that destroy crops n.杀虫剂

 

  1. superiority=advantage=edge=high quality优势 n.

 

12.period=cycle=era=age n.年代

 

 

 

  1. central=middle中心的 adj.
  1. well known=notorious=famous=renowned 著名的 adj.
  1. illness=disease=virus=bug=infection疾病 n.
  1. move from one to another=adopt one over another 转移
  1. elderly people=old people 老人n.
  1. develop=come from=be based on=originate=go back to=have its origins in=have its roots in=derive from=be derived from=be founded on=grow out of=develop from=evolve from发展,生长 v.
  1. people power=local pressure groups 群众力量n.
  1. fault=defect=problem=trouble=flaw=weakness =bug=virus=be something wrong with 错误,缺点
  1. reckon=think=suppose=believe=imagine=expect=feel认为 v.

 

 

 

  1. collapse=fall=fall over=fall down 倒塌 v.
  1. rehearsal=practice=training=run-through=exercise排练,演习 n.

 

  1. unpredictable=can't say/tell=unforeseeable=it remains to be seen 无法预测的 adj.

 

 

  1. prior to=beforehand=before=in advance=on the eve of 之前

20. long-term=chronic=long-running=long-standing=lasting=lifelong=prolonged=lingering=enduring=abiding=incurable长期的adj.

  1. involve=rely on=contain=comprise 包含,牵涉 v.

 

 

 

 

  1. assure=make sure=guarantee=ensure=insure=secure=make certain of保证,确保 v.
  1. exploitation=development=utilization=usage利用,使用n.

 

 

 

  1. successfully=spectacularly well=wonderfully 成功地adv.

 

  1. feature= a part of something that you notice because it seems important, interesting, or typical;a part of the land, especially a part that you can see: a part of someone's face, such as their eyes, nose etc特点 n.

 

 

  1. sceptic and advocate=different attitude 不同的看法
  1. instantly=rapidly=immediately立即地 adv.

 

  1. route=motorway=highway=expressway 车道 n.

 

  1. expand=extend=grow=boom=spread out=enhance扩张,扩大v.
  1. dental=teeth 牙齿的 adj.

Cambridge 7

 

  1. factor=cause=reason=root=origin 因素 n.

 

 

 

TEST 1

  1. storage=keep=store=keep something in storage=preserve 存储n.
  1. output=product输出,产品 n.
  1. persuade=convince=win over=talk around 说服 v.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

  1. altitude=from…meters above the ground=height=how high=level n.高度
  1. significance=supremacy=definition=meaning=sense=connotation n.重要性
  1. vanish=extinct=disappear 消失 v.

 

  1. abundant=plenty=ample 充裕的,丰富的 adj.

 

 

 

  1. consciousness=awareness 意识 n.

 

  1. long-standing=lengthy=long-running=lasting 长期的 adj.
  1. fragile=weak=delicate=breakable=feeble 脆弱的 adj.

26.essential supplies=food and clothing=necessities 必需品 n.

  1. result in=lead to=cause=give rise to=bring about 引发,导致

 

 

  1. new=revolutionary=original=innovation=fresh=novel=be in its infancy adj.新的,革命的
  1. insist=claim=argue=believe=think坚持,坚称 v.
  1. prior to=before=previous在…前面

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

  1. generally=in general=in the whole=all in all=all things considered 大体上的 adv.

 

  1. cultivate=grow=raise 培养 v.

 

 

  1. sustainable=renewable=recycling=environmentally friendly 可持续的 adj.

 

  1. observe=notice=can see/can tell=see=spot=detect=note become aware/conscious=catch somebody's eye=perceive观察 v.
  1. encourage=persuade=persuasion=get somebody to do something=influence=encourage=talk somebody into=put somebody up to鼓励 v.

 

  1. preserve=protect=keep=store=keep sth. In storage 保存,保护 v.
  1. expect=think=anticipate预期,期待 v.
  1. avoid=stay away=keep away=steer clear of=make a detour 避免v.

 

 

 

  1. produce=develop=manufacture生产 v.
  1. translate=change languages=interpret=put something into English/French/Japanese etc翻译 v.
  1. employ=give somebody a job=take on=engage= appoint=recruit=sign up雇佣 v.
  1. digest=take in=absorb=assimilate 消化 v.

 

  1. severity=used of the degree of something undesirable 严重性 n.
  1. interrupt=break=violate=cut in打断,打扰 v.

TEST 2

 

 

  1. reduction=decrease=drop=fall=cut 减少 n.
  1. deliberately=intentionally=on purpose=purposely故意地 adv.

 

  1. memorise=learn=commit something to memory 记忆 v.

 

  1. keep a check on=monitor=watch=keep an eye on 监视 v.
  1. globe=world 世界n.

 

 

  1. production=generation=output 产量n.
  1. possible=possibility=can=potential=there is a chance/possibility可能的adj.
  1. severe=serious=stiff=heavy 严重的 adj.
  1. combine=mix=stir=beat=blend=whisk=dilute联合v.
  1. random=arbitrary=at random 任意的,随机的 adj.

 

 

  1. recognize=know=identify=pick out=tell认出,承认v.

 

  1. support=back=be behind=in support of=back somebody up v.支持

 

 

 

 

 

  1. stop=halt=come to a halt 停止 v.

 

 

 

  1. outcome=product=result=conclusion=consequence 结果,后果 n.

 

  1. suitable=appropriate=proper=adequate=matching 合适的 adj.
  1. resemble=like=similar=alike=much the same=comparable v.类似

 

  1. like=such as=for example=for instance 例如

 

  1. allocate=distribute=apportion=grant=confer 分配 v.
  1. produce=develop=generate=engineer=manufacture 生产v.

 

  1. retrain=taking courses再教育v.
  1. behavior=manner=conduct=behave=well-behaved=good=be on your best=stay out of trouble行为 n.

21.unappreciated=undervalued adj.低估的

21.shipping=freight 船运 n.

 

 

  1. disrupt=disturb=upset=break up 打扰 v.
  1. loan= an amount of money that you borrow from a bank etc. 贷款 n.
  1. illustrate=show=demonstrate=make clear=reflect 说明 v.

 

  1. easy to reach=accessible容易达到的adj.

 

  1. apply=use=make use of=exercise=utilize 应用 v.

 

 

  1. genius=giftedness / talent / intellectual=intelligence=brains=brilliant=wisdom n.天才
  1. hinder=hamper=impede 阻碍 v.

15.local=domestic=native=indigenous 当地的adj.

  1. habitat=area=the environment=ecosystem=ecology n.栖息地

 

 

  1. ensure=make sure=make certain=see to it that 保证 v.
  1. beacon and flashing=light=beam n.灯光

 

 

 

 

 

  1. realize=know=be/become aware=can tell=appreciate=be conscious=know perfectly well=know/learn from experience意识到 v.

 

  1. rival=a person, group, or organization that you compete with in sport, business, a fight etc=competitor 对手,竞争者 n.

 

  1. salary=pay=wage=income=earnings=fee工资,收入n.
  1. life=lifespan 生命

TEST 3

  1. physical=relating to the body=bodily身体的 adj.

 

  1. impact=affect=influence=effect影响 v.&n.

 

 

 

  1. adults=men and women 成人n.
  1. surrender=give in 投降,放弃 v.

 

  1. bearing=position=standing 方位 n.

 

36.not unmanageable=can cope with 能处理的

  1. separate=disparate=distinct=different分开的,不同的adj.
  1. unpredictable=fluctuate=changeable无法预测的 adj.

4.detect=inspect=examine=notice=spot=become aware / conscious=note=conserve=perceive v.检查

 

 

  1. sacrifice=when you decide not to have something valuable, in order to get something that is more important牺牲 v.
  1. commute=travel 通勤 v.

 

1.exchange=apply something learned in one to others=change 交流v.

  1. react=respond 反应 v.
  1. fragment=shard=debris=pieces=ruins碎片n.
  1. contain=include=cover=possess 包含 v.
  1. gained from=come from=be based on=originate= go back to=have its origins in=have its roots in=derive from/be derived from=develop from/evolve from产生于…. V.
  1. protect=guard=safeguard=shield=conservation保护v.

 

  1. exchange=share=distribute 分享 v.
  1. early=older 早期的adj.

 

 

 

  1. good vision ability=vision is obviously more useful…好的视力

 

 

 

  1. decline=decrease=reduce=fall=drop 下降 v.

 

  1. diverse=varied=variety=wide-ranging=mixed各种各样的adj.

 

 

  1. effort=to try very hard to do something= attempt=campaign=drive努力 n.
  1. dispute=debate=controversy=disagree=argue争论,争执n.&v.
  1. more than=exceed=over=in excess of 超过 v.

37.correspond=be consist of=coincide=match up v.一致

  1. related=associated 有关联的 adj.

 

 

 

 

 

  1. foe=enemy=adversary=hostile 敌人 n.
  1. higher=increasing=more 更高的 adj.

14.molten=hot=heat=boiling / boiling hot=scalding / scalding hot adj.熔化的

  1. equal=the same in number, amount, level etc as something else平等的 adj.

 

 

 

 

  1. drug company=pharmaceutical company 医药公司n.

 

 

17.value=worth=price=credit=use=benefit=profit 价值n.

 

 

  1. stability=the condition of being steady and not changing稳定 n.

 

 

 

 

 

 

TEST 2

 

 

 

  1. purify=refine=distill 净化 v.

 

  1. cost=financial outlay=spend=charge=fare=rental=toll n.支出
  1. change=modify(modification) 改变v.
  1. clerical worker=clerk 书记员n.
  1. lonely=emotionally isolated 孤独的adj.
  1. factor=reason=element=component=ingredient 因素 n.

 

 

30.linguistic=language n.语言

39.mainly=heavily=most 主要地

19.nearby nations=geographic neighbours 近邻 n.

 

 

  1. inaccurate=incorrect=wrong=misleading 不精确的 adj.

 

 

 

 

 

  1. increase=go up=rise=grow=climb=gain=escalate=pick up=widen=be on the increase=intensify=expand=build up上升,增加v.
  1. increasing=soaring=growing=rising 上升的adj.

 

 

  1. conserve=save / frugal=reserve=keep back v.节约,保存

 

  1. specific=particular=detailed 特定的adj.

 

 

  1. contemporary=modern-day, present-day同时代的adj.
  1. encounter=face=confront=meet遇见,遭遇v.

 

  1. construct=build=make=found 建造 v.

 

 

 

 

  1. prevail=win=come out on top=prevail=carry the day流行,获胜v.

 

  1. research=study=survey=investigation 研究n.

 

 

 

 

 

 

40.visit=venture 参观

  1. genetic=relating to genes or genetics基因的,遗传学的 adj.
  1. specimen=individual n.标本

 

 

  1. couple with=and=accompany=with 伴随 v.

 

  1. get warmer=global warming变暖n.

 

 

  1. people=mortal=people=individual 人n.
  1. encourage=promote=help=support=be supportive 鼓励 v.

TEST 1

  1. key=most important=crucial=critical=significant 关键的adj.
  1. odour=smell=stench=stink 味道 n.
  1. decline=deteriorate=reduce=drop=decrease 下降v.
  1. interior=inner layer=inside 内部的n. &adj.

 

  1. where=geographical location 表地点
  1. widespread=universal=extensive=popular=general广泛的,普遍的adj.
  1. usage=use=benefit=profit 用处n.
  1. various=there are several different types of that thing=different=a variety of something=differing=varying=an assortment of something=assorted=a mix of something=a mixture of something各种各样的 adj.
  1. conclude=summarize=come to/reach the conclusion 得出结论 v.

 

  1. obey=comply with=abide by=keep to=stick to the rules=conform to=observe=respect=toe the line=go by the book/do something by the book 服从,顺从v.

 

  1. endanger=to put someone or something in danger of being hurt=damaged=destroyed危及,使危险v.
  1. sustainable=able to continue without causing damage to the environment; able to continue for a long time可持续的 adj.

 

8.documentation=written account=evidence=proof n.证明

  1. irrigation=the supplement of land or crops with water 灌溉 n.

 

 

  1. ancient=belonging to a time long ago in history, especially thousands of years ago 古老的 adj.

 

 

 

 

 

 

  1. underdeveloped=degenerated=rudimentary不发达的adj.

 

 

  1. mistake=error=fault=slip=mix-up 错误 n.

 

  1. criterion=identification=standard=scale n.标准,识别
  1. difficult=demanding=hard=tough困难的 adj.

 

 

  1. assist=help=aid=with the aid of帮助 v.

 

 

  1. unexpected=unpredictable=unforeseeable 不可预见的 adj.
  1. limit=restrict=set/impose/put a limit=keep to/keep within=confine=fix 限制
  1. die out=extinct=disappear=no longer exist 灭绝 v.
  1. document=a piece of paper that has official information on it;a piece of written work that is stored on a computer文件 n.

25.difficult=harsh=demanding=tough=challenging 困难的 adj.

 

  1. purpose=aim=point=idea=objective=object=goal= target=end目的 n.
  1. resemble=look like=alike=much the same=akin to 相像 v.
  1. alter=change=revise=make changes v. 改变

TEST 4

 

  1. crucial=important=critical=vital=necessary=essential 至关重要的 adj.
  1. no longer respond=resistance=fight against 抵抗

 

  1. atmosphere= the feeling that an event or place gives you= the mixture of gases that surrounds the Earth气氛; 大气n.

 

4.investigation=analysis 调查n.

 

38.give up=abandon 放弃

 

  1. fail=failure=not succeed=unsuccessful=vain=fruitless=unproductive=be a failure=go wrong=not work=do no good=fall through失败v.

 

  1. specialist=someone who knows a lot about a particular subject, or is very skilled at it=expert专家 n.

 

22.difficult=elusive=hard / tough=easier said than done adj.困难的,难懂的

  1. promote=encourage=help=aid 促进 v.

 

  1. blight=plague v.破坏

 

  1. aim=direct at=purpose=point=idea=objective=goal=target n.目的

13.random=arbitrary=at random adj.随机的

 

  1. suppose=expect=imagine=guess=speculate=think猜想,设想 v.
  1. planet= the world=earth/Earth=the globe 地球 n.
  1. challenging=difficult=tough=demanding 有挑战性的adj.
  1. beam=laser=ray=glow=glare n.光线,激光

 

 

 

 

12. basic=fundamental=essential=central=underlying=simple=crude=primitive=rudimentary=unsophisticated=low-tech基本的 adj.

TEST 4

  1. entitle=to give someone the official right to do or have something 使某人有权利/资格 v.
  1. launch=release=project=send=shot=emit 开始,投放 v.

 

  1. first=initial=early=primary 最早的adj.
  1. peer=your peers are the people who are the same age as you, or who have the same type of job, social class etc同伴 n.
  1. confer=award=present=grant=allocate 给予 v.

 

 

  1. cornerstone=basis=foundation=the key 基石n.

 

  1. little time and effort is required=minimal maintenance and intervention 最小程度的维修与介入

 

 

  1. pessimistic=expecting that bad things will happen in the future or that something will have a bad result=getting worse悲观的 adj.
  1. preservative: a chemical substance that is used to prevent things from decaying, for example food or wood n.防腐剂

 

 

 

  1. direct=guide=lead=instruct=give order/instruction v.指导

 

  1. alternative=another=other=different=new=else=variation=variant另一个

 

  1. similar=like=resemble相似的 adj.

 

  1. enquiry=investigate=make inquiries/enquiries=go into=probe=look into=solve=be under investigation 调查
  1. adequate=plenty=proper=appropriate=suitable充足的,适当的 adj.
  1. unfold=open=happen=develop=expand 展开,发生 v.

 

 

 

 

 

 

  1. military=battlefield=martial军事的adj.
  1. consistent=always behaving in the same way or having the same attitudes, standards etc - usually used to show approval持续的 adj.
  1. ignore=pay no attention=not pay any attention=take no notice=not take any notice忽略,无视v.

 

  1. quotation=a phrase or sentence that is well-known or often used 引用语 n.
  1. forge=form=counterfeit 形成;伪造 v.

 

 

 

 

  1. exclude=omit=miss out=leave out=drop 排除在外 v.

 

  1. wipe out=eradicate=get rid of=abolish=scrap=do away with=eliminate 根除

Cambridge 8

 

  1. independence=self-sufficiency=self-reliance 独立 n.

23.tariff=charge=fee=tax 税费n.

 

  1. encourage=induce=trigger=stimulate=boost=inspire鼓励,促使 v.

 

  1. generate= to make someone have a particular feeling= form=produce=create 产生 v.
  1. reject=to refuse to accept, believe in, or agree with something 拒绝 v.
  1. civil=municipal=metropolitan adj.城市的
  1. reason=cause=factor=origins=root=stimulus=impetus原因n.
  1. biological clock=internal clock 生物钟
  1. mating=courtship交配.

13.trade=economy 贸易n.

  1. early=first=ancient 早期的adj.
  1. criticism=judgement=skepticism=disapproval=denunciation 批评n.
  1. stimulate=encourage=activate=motivate鼓励,刺激 v.
  1. prospect=expectation=outlook=chance展望,希望n.

35.unpleasant=offensive=horrible / disgusting / revolting=not very nice=nasty adj.极讨厌的

 

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