【必威】考完试的同学可以看一下,以下是新浪

2019-11-08 22:33栏目:外语留学
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  新浪教育[微博]讯 2014年12月20日全国大学英语四级考试已结束,本次考试为多题多卷,新浪外语第一时间收集整理不同版本试题,供考生参考,以下是新浪网教育频道第一时间收集整理不同版本试题,供考生参考,以下为沪江网校提供的四级试题及参考答案汇总:

  一、写作:

  以下为2013年6月大学英语四级考试听力长对话原文2,由沪江网校提供,考完试的同学可以看一下,备考的同学也可以研究一下考题。希望大家四级考试顺利通过。

  【短对话总评】

  一、四级作文参考范文:大学里最难忘的课(沪江网校版)

  My most impressive friends

  2013年6月大学英语四级考试

  这次英语四级听力短对话总体难度适中,主要考点仍然集中在对日常生活的理解上。一共8 题,其中第1题考察事实细节,3、4、6是对句子内涵的理解,2和5分别是对地点和原因的推断,7、8是对事实细节的推断。大家在做听力时,不要纠结在一两个生词上,一定要注意把握对话人的隐含义,才能做出准确推断。

  When talking about the course which impresses me the most, I will certainly choose Basic Chemical Experiment. As a student of science, I am always fascinated with the magic in test tubes, and from this course I gained more than pure knowledge。

  我印象最深刻的朋友

  Part III Listening Comprehension长对话2

  答案及难词解释:

  To begin with, this course provides us opportunities to put theories into practices. The experiments helped us testify and better understand what we have learned in books. Besides, by designing experimental procedures of own, we became more flexible and innovative。

  北京新东方四六级团队金凌虹范文

  听力原文

  1. B .Use a ladder to help her reach the tea。

  Moreover, I also developed other skills that required outside labs through this course. For example, to be focused and careful when proceeding a task, to be patient and calm when facing failures, and to communicate properly when you need someone else to cooperate. These can be very valuable assets to your life。

  【名师简评】

  Questions 23-25 are based on the conversation you have just heard。

  点评:事实细节题,主要听男士的意见Why don’t you use the ladder. strain v。表示拉伸,扭伤 strain your shoulder 拉伤肩膀

  Basic Chemical Experiment influenced me not only on academic field but also on daily affairs, therefore it’s the most impressing course to me。

  2014年12月20日四级真题,写作部分延续了2014年6月14日四级写作的出题风格,具有以下四大大特点:

  M: Lisa, Lisa! Over here, darling! It's wonderful to see you. Oh, Lisa, you look marvelous。

  2. D. Outside an art gallery。

  二、四级听力答案:短对话(沪江网校版)

  1.反押题:此次作文,依旧没有考察“热点”的“环境、文化、网络”等大话题,而是“平民草根、接地气”;

  W: Oh, Paul, you look tired. Two months away in the capital? Paul, I think you've been working too hard。

  点评:推理判断题,从女士的“exhibition”与男士的“favorite painter”中推断出。

  1.B He has not cleared the apartment since his mother’s visit。

【必威】考完试的同学可以看一下,以下是新浪网教育频道第一时间收集整理不同版本试题。  2.易审题:依旧没有考察考生“审题能力”以及“跑题偏题”的可能性,作文的主题非常开放而明显,所有考生都有话好说;

  M: I'm fine. The city is very hot this time of the year. It's good to get back to some fresh air. You know, Lisa, what they say about pregnant women really is true。

  3. B. She does not quite agree with what the man said。

  2.C They might as well take the next bus。

  3.重语言:主题明确,不会跑题,考生比拼的就是“语言质量”本身了。一篇不再“假大空”的文章,注定不需要使用太多“大而华丽的空洞语言、口号语言”,而在于考生能否灵活运用一些基础词汇和固定表达,写出语法正确、语言流畅的文章。

  W: What's that Paul?

  点评:推理判断题,从女士的评价中可以看出。

  3.C She has to do extra work for a few days。

  4.技巧和能力并重:“写作技巧与范文背诵”作文备考思路依旧得到体现和应用。考生既要规律性总结历年真题出题的特点,又要勤加背诵和练习考前的范文。宗旨,多背,多写,背好,写好,总能够在考场上有话好说,有分可拿!

  M: They say they look beautiful。

  evaluation n. 表示评估价值 ;an unfair evaluation 有失公正的评价;

  4.A change her job。

  【参考范文】

  W: Well, I had a lot of tension while you've been studying hard on your course in D.C。

  4. C. Doris fixed up some of the book shelves。

  5.D He failed to do what he promised to do。

  I have met so many friends in my college life. They have exerted enormous influence on my life. However, one of my most impressive friends is my roommate, Li Ming。

  M: Oh?

  点评:推理判断题,从男士的“I got Doris to do some of them。”推断出答案。

  6.B The woman does not like horror films。

  In the class meeting on the first day of school, Li Ming did not impress us at all. We started to notice him because he was always late for classes. We were thus impressed by his laziness. I came to know him and his situation because we were roommates and spent much time together: his mother was seriously ill and sick abed in long-term, his father left him and his mother mercilessly. Hence, it was him that shouldered the heavy burden of taking care of his sick mother supporting the whole family. Finally, under great pressures, he balanced his life and study perfectly: he was no longer always late, took good care of his mother and even won the scholarship many years in a row。

  W: Oh, don't worry, all from a man over 50. Father has told all his business friends the good news about the baby. And the phone hasn't stopped ringing。

  注意shelf 复数形式是shelves

  7.C The speakers share a common view on love。

  The experience of Li Ming can be one of the most convincing cases of the power of persistence and will. He left a deep impression and imposed a durable influence on me. Indeed, friend such as him can be regarded as asset and property in our life. We have rights to choose our own friends,but we should also be prudent and sensible enough to choose friends who can bring us “positive energy”. (228 words)

  M: Oh, look, darling. There's a taxi。

  5. D. He has found a better position。

  8.A Preparations for a forum。

  【参考译文】

  W: Paul, tell me about the special project you mentioned on the phone. You sounded very excited about it!

  点评:事实细节题,主要听男生的陈述 “I’ve been offered a much better position with another firm”

  三、四级听力答案:长对话(沪江网校版)

  在我的大学生活中,遇到了很多朋友。他们对我的人生产生了重大的影响。然而,我印象最深的朋友是我的室友李明。

  M: You know, I've learned a lot from the project. I'm surprised that was still in business。

  firm在这里解释为:公司,企业。

  9. B Scandinavia

  在开学第一天的入学班会上,他没有给全班同学留下任何印象。李明让我们开始认识他,是因为他总是上课迟到,同学们都以为是个懒惰的人。因为我们是室友,平时的交往比较多,后来我才慢慢了解到他的情况:原来他的母亲罹患重病,长期卧床,父亲残忍地离开他们而去,照顾生病的母亲和养家重任只能由他来承担了。令人惊讶的是,在重压之下,他将自己的生活和学业平衡地很好:他不再总是迟到,将妈妈照顾的很好并且连续几年获得奖学金。

  W: That's because we have a wonderful sales manager ——you!

  6. A. They should finish the work as soon as possible。

  10. D More women will work outside the family

  李明的经历是坚持和意志的作用的最有说服力的例子之一。他给我留下的印象无法磨灭,他对我造成的影响持续深远。的确,这样的朋友被视为我们生活中的财富和资产。我们有权利选择自己的朋友,然而交友的过程中,我都应该足够理智和谨慎,选择那些能够给我们带来正能量的真正的朋友。

  M: Thanks. But that's not the problem at all. Lisa, our little company, and it is little compared to the giants in the city. Our little company's in danger. We are out of date.We need to expand. If we don't, we will be swallowed up by one of the giants。

  点评:推理判断题,从男士的“But I think we should get it over with this weekend”可以得出。

  11. D Spend more time changing women’s attitudes

  The Most Impressing Course in My College Life

  Questions 23-25 are based on the conversation you have just heard。

  7. D. The furniture the man bought is inexpensive。

  12. A In a restaurant

  印象最深的一门课

  23. What do we learn about Lisa?

  点评:事实细节题,从男士的描述“dirt cheap”中可以得出。

  13. C He is the Managing Director of Jayal Motors

  北京新东方四六级团队赵子凌范文

  24. What do we learn about the man from the conversation?

  dirt cheap 表示非常便宜。furnish v. 表示布置;陈设 n. furniture 家具。

  14. B To get a good import agent

  During the two years of college life, I have attended many special courses, among which the most impressed one is psychology. I still remembered the days when I was fed up with my major Math, which frustrated me so much. Till I fortunately select one of the most fascinating optional courses lectured by Professor Wang。

  25. What does the man say about his company?

  8. B. The woman is waiting for a call。

  15. D His determination

  Time gone back to the first class of Mr. Wang, I found a little old man came in the classroom with a thick book of psychology. Mysteriously, I first unveiled and explored the myth within it by the vivid demonstration of Mr. Wang, and became fascinated with this course. In the following days, it enclosed an assorted of psychological phenomenon reflected in ordinary people’s daily lives by illustrating examples in reality。

  【总评】长对话的两篇文章难度适中。本次考试的7题统一在考察同学们对于对话中一些细节的把握与单词词组的同义替换。在做题时,同学们如果能够按照顺序原则进行题目的预读,对文章的内容进行预判,那么做题不会太困难。

  四、四级听力答案及点评:短文第一篇(沪江网校版)

  To be frank, it is the psychology class that enlightens my soul of exploring the unknown world and stimulate my desire to learn. And it is no surprise to say that psychology is the most impressing course for me in college。

  Conversation 1:

  16. What are scientists trying to explain according to the passage?

  最新四级写作点评 :

  9. A. She had a job interview to attend。

  答案:(A) How being an identical twin influences one’s identify。

  今年12月20号的最新四级写作的出题类型延续了6月的形式,较以往更加趋向于灵活性,重点考察的是考生的英语基础知识,不再依赖于过去的传统模版或套句。因此这样的考察形式更需要考生在平时英语的学习过程中去积累,注重英语书面表达运用技巧。而在出题的话题上也更偏向于大学生的校园学习和生活话题,文体形式比较自由。因此建议广大四级考生能通过平时的基础练习和专业课程指导,摒弃模版,达到理想的写作分数。

  点评:事实细节题。关键听取原文中“It’s just that she submitted a job application yesterday and the company asked her in for an interview today”。

  【点评】:细节题。本篇文章开头即指出 ‘they(scientists) are trying to explain how being half of the biological pair influences a twin’s identity.’由此可知科学家一直试图想要解释双胞胎的身份人格是如何受到影响的。

  The Most Impressive Campus Activity

  10. C. Submit her roommate’s assignment。

  17. What do we learn about the twin Jims?

  印象最深的大学活动

  点评:事实细节题加单词的同义替换。关键听取原文中“I’m calling to see whether it would be OK if I gave you her essay。”

  答案:(B) They grew up in different surroundings。

  北京新东方四六级团队刘杨范文

  11. A. Where Dr. Ellis’s office is located。

  【点评】:细节题。关键词即是Jim 这个名字。关于两个Jim的情况是:他们一直生长在不同家庭,直到39岁才见面。‘… grew up in different families and did not meet for 39 years.’ 他们都结过两次婚,第二次婚姻中,妻子都叫贝蒂。‘Both men were married twice… and their second wives were both named Betty.’ 而他们的第一个孩子都是儿子 ‘Both twins named their first sons James Allen.’

  Every university offers numerous kinds of activities to enrich students’ extracurricular life. As one of the young college students, I have benefited a lot from all of these well-organized activities, but the one impressing me most is the debate competition which I took part in last year。

  点评:事实细节题。关键听取原文中“And Dr. Ellis, one more thing, could you tell me where your office is?”

  18. Why are scientists interested in studying identical twins raised in different families?

  That was a debate competition between different majors and the topic was about theoretical knowledge versus practices. What mattered most is not the result of the debate, but gathering background information and practicing the process of debate. Also, no individual could accomplish the challenging task all by herself or himself, so joint efforts have played a significant role in winning the competition. Team spirit and co-operation has been improved a lot and I believe this is more precious than winning or losing。

  Conversation 2:

  答案:(A) They want to find out the relationship between environment and biology。

  To be brief, we should participate in more campus activities, not only can we get a better understanding of what we have learnt before, but also make new friends and discover our interests。

  12. C. He can handle it quite well。

  【点评】:细节题。通过对两个Jim的研究, These twins help scientists understand the connection between environment and biology。

  第一步,确定你印象最深的校园活动是什么。第二步,该校园活动主题和内容是什么。第三步,活动的启发和影响。

  点评:同义替换原文内容“But it’s bearable now that I’ m used to it”。be used to 表示为习惯做某事。

  四级听力答案及点评:短文第三篇(沪江网校版)

  题型不再局限于纯粹的议论文,而是各个文章体裁夹杂和糅合。要对文章的体裁和相应写法有全面的理解和掌握。

  13. B. The 6:30 train。

  22. How big does the speaker say Andorra is?

  四级翻译真题和范文

  点评:细节题。重点听取原文中“It was terrible at first, especially getting up before dawn to catch that 6:30 train”

  答案:A. It covers 197 square meters。

  北京新东方四六级团队 卢根

  14. C. The time on the train is enjoyable。

  点评:事实细节题,考查同学们对于数字的记录。

  越来越多的中国年轻人正对旅游产生兴趣,这是近年来的新趋势。年轻游客数量的不断增加,可以归因于他们迅速提高的收入和探索外部世界的好奇心。随着旅行多了,年轻人在大城市和著名景点花的时间少了,他们反而更为偏远的地方所吸引。有些人甚至选择长途背包旅行。最近调查显示,很多年轻人想要通过旅行体验不同的文化、丰富知识、拓宽视野。

  点评:细节题加词性转换。重点听取原文中“But now I quite enjoy it。”

  23. What can be said about Andorra before the 1930s?

  More and more Chinese young people are getting interested in traveling, which is a new trend in recent years. The increasing number of young travelers can be attributed to the rapid growth of income and the curiosity to explore the outside world. With more travel, youngsters spend more time in remote areas rather than big cities and famous resorts. Furthermore, some of them would choose backpacking. Recent survey showed that many young people want to experience different culture, enrich knowledge, and broaden their horizon through traveling。

  15. A. Reading newspapers。

  答案:D. It was cut off from the rest of the world。

  大熊猫(giant panda)是一种温顺的动物,长着独特的黑白皮毛。因其数量稀少,大熊猫已被列为濒危物种。大熊猫对于世界自然基金会(WWF)有着特殊的意义。自1961年该基金会成立以来,大熊猫就一直是它的徽标。大熊猫是熊科中最稀有的成员,主要生活在中国西南部的森林里。目前,世界上大约有1000只大熊猫。这些以竹为食的动物正面临许多威胁。因此,确保大熊猫的生存比以往更重要。

  点评:细节与词义替换。重点听取原文“In the morning, I just sit in comfort and read the papers to catch up with the news。”

  点评:词义判断题,考查同学们对 “travelers had difficulty in reaching the country”的理解。

  Giant panda is a kind of tame animal with unique black and white fur. Because of the small numbers, panda is listed as endangered species. Panda has a special meaning toward the WWF. Since the founding of the fund in 1961, panda has been its symbol. Panda, which lives in the forest of the south-west of China, is the rarest in bear species. Nowadays, there are approximately 1000 pandas in the world. These animals whose food is mainly bamboo are under serious threat. Thus, the survival of panda is much more important than ever before。

  16. D. Get key information by reading just once or twice。

  24. What event changed the situation in Andorra?

  假日经济的现象表明:中国消费者的消费观正在发生巨大变化。根据统计数据,中国消费者的消费需求正在从基本生活必需品转向对休闲、舒适和个人发展的需求。同时,中国人的消费观在蓬勃发展的假日经济中正变得成熟。因此产品结构应做相应调整,来适应社会的发展。另一方面,服务质量要改善,以满足人们提高生活质量的要求。

  17. A. Choose one's own system of marking。

  答案:C. The building of roads connecting it with neighboring countries。

  The phenomenon of holiday economy shows that the consumption concept of Chinese people is changing dramatically. According to statistics, the demands of Chinese consumer are shifting from basic necessities of life to the need of leisure, comfort and personal development. Meanwhile, the way of consumption of Chinese people is becoming mature in holiday economy. Therefore, the structure of the product should be adjusted accordingly to adapt to the social development. On the other hand, the quality of service needs to be improved to meet the demand of improving the quality of life。

  18. B. By reviewing only the marked parts。

  点评:事实细节题,需要同学们听到并理解句子“When roads were built from France and Spain to Andorra in the 1930s, life picked up speed。”

  二、选词填空答案

  【点评】这篇短文主要讲述美国大学生为了完成繁重的阅读作业,需提高阅读效率。一个重要的学习技能就是在书上做标记。而正确使用标记方法也非常重要。题目设置并不难,主要考查事实细节。考生只需抓住关键词如mark,main ideas,important details,捕捉听力中的序数词,找到相应的信息,就可以选出正确的答案。

  25. What do most people do in Andorra do nowadays?

  36-40 N survey  O traces  I products K released  J ranging

  19. D. Everybody needs some sleep for survival。

  答案:B. They work in the tourist industry。

  41-45 M simple H necessarily L shocked C belong B average

  20. C. It is a rare exception。

  点评:主旨大意题,从文章中的各个方面,表现出现在安道尔国家的人民大多从事旅游业。

  三、长篇阅读(匹配题)

  21. B. His mother's injury just before his birth。

  五、四级听力答案及点评:听力填空(沪江网校版)

  北京新东方四六级团队 王枭

  【点评】这篇短文以睡眠为主题,讲述了一个从不睡觉的人的故事。医生对他进行了观察,发现确实如此。而他本人也表示这可能是因为他出生几天前母亲受伤的缘故。题目设置并不难,以考查事实细节为主。考生以Al Herpin,docotors和sleeplessness为关键词,捕捉听力中的细节即可选到正确答案。

  26. familiar

  Growing Up Colored

  22. C. She developed a strong interest in finance。

  27. put forward

  46 F 47 H 48 J 49 B 50 I 51 L

  23. D. She inherited a big fortune from her father。

  28. caution

  52 B 53 J 54 缺 55 缺

  24. A. She was extremely mean with her money。

  29. live with

  四、仔细阅读

  25. B. She built a hospital with her mother's money。

  30. alternatives

  56 B Whether local shops will suffer

  26. identical

  31. ignore

  57 C It saw its bike sales on the rise

  27. approach

  32. participated

  58 B Its customers have been drawn away

  28. back and forth

  33. in need of

  59 A Inexperienced

  29. opposite

  34. focus on

  60 D Approving

  30. indicates

  35. judgments

  61 C Little improvement。

  31. referring to

  点评:本文主要表达当你在做决定时,应该如何有选择性的听取他人的意见。整体文章在理解上难度并不大。但在填入单词或词组的过程中需要同学们在拼写,时态与词组的连读上注意。比如alternatives,in need of等。十个空中,四个词组,三个名词,两个动词,一个形容词。词组难度不大,拼写也比较方便。关键还是在于同学们平日的词汇量的积累。

  62 B Skilled students

  32. parallel to

  六、四级翻译答案(沪江网校版)

  63 C Talented women

  33. reserved

  大熊猫

  64 A New career opportunities

  34. at a right angle

  大熊猫是一种温顺的动物,长着独特的黑白皮毛。因其数量极少,大熊猫已被列为濒危物种。大熊猫对于世界自然基金会有着特殊意义。自1961年该基金会成立以来,大熊猫就一直是它的徽标。大熊猫是熊科中最稀有的成员,主要生活在中国西南部的森林里。目前,世界上大约有1000只大熊猫。这些以竹为食的动物正面临许多威胁。因此,确保大熊猫的生存比以往更重要。

  65 D An ever-growing number

  35. embarrassing

  The giant panda is a docile animal with unique black and white fur. Because of their small number, giant pandas have been listed

  【点评】本文主要通过两个实例说明在不同的文化中相同的手势可能蕴含着不同的意思,同时也提醒大家一定要注意文化的重要性。文化现象是四级考试中的常考话题,平时训练中应该多积累这方面的文化知识。这篇文章稍微有点难度,需要填入的单词或词组的某些空在拼写方面一定要注意,比如:identical,parallel,embarrassing等。十个空中,四个固定词组或表达,三个动词,两个形容词,一个名词,没有生难单词,都是平时出现频率较高的单词或词组,由此可见,考查词组的趋势在增加,考生在平时应多注意固定词组的积累,这样在考场中才能得心应手。

  as an endangered species. The giant pandas are of special significance for WWF (World Wildlife Fund). Since the establishment in 1961, the fund has been using the giant panda as its logo. The giant panda is the rarest member of the bear family. They mainly live in the forests of southwestern China. Currently, there are about 1,000 giant pandas in the world. The bamboo-eating animals are facing many threats. Therefore, to ensure the survival of the giant panda is more important than ever。

  旅游

  越来越多的中国年轻人正对旅游产生兴趣,这是近年来的新趋势。年轻游客数量和不断增加,可以归于他们迅速提高的收入和探索外部世界的好奇心。随着旅行多了,年轻人在大城市和著名景点花的时间少了,他们反而更为偏远的地方所吸引,有些人甚至选择长途背包旅行。最近调查显示,很多年轻人想要通过旅行体验不同的文化,丰富知识,拓宽视野。

  More and more Chinese young people are becoming interested in travelling, which is a new trend in recent years. The increasing number of young tourists can be attributed

  to the rapid rise of their income and curiosity for exploring the outside world. With more travel, young people spend less time in big cities and famous sights. Instead, they are attracted to more remote places. Some people even choose a long backpacking trip. A recent survey shows that many young people want to experience a different culture, enrich their knowledge and broaden their horizons through travelling。

  互联网

  中国的互联网社区是全世界发展最快的,2010年,中国约有4.2亿网民,而且人数还在迅速增长。互联网的日渐流行带来了重大的社会变化。中国网民往往不同于美国网民。美国网民更多的是受实际需要的驱使,用互联网为工具发电子邮件、买卖商品、做研究、规划旅程或付款。中国网民更多是出于社交原因使用互联网,因而更广泛的使用论坛、博客、聊天室等等。

  The Chinese Internet Community experienced the fastest development. By 2010, there had been 420 million netizens in China and this number is still rising rapidly. The popularization of Internet has brought about huge changes. Generally speaking, American netizens are more often than not driven by real necessities such as sending emails, on-line trading, doing research, travel planning and on-line payment. While, Chinese netizens use Internet out of the need for social communication. Therefore, they log more generally onto web forums, blogs and chatting rooms。

  七、阅读理解答案及点评:选词填空(沪江网校版)

  36. N. survey

  37. O. traces

  38. I. products

  39. K. released

  40. J. ranging

  41. M. simple

  42. H. necessarily

  43. L. shocked

  44. C. belong

  45. B. average

  点评:

  本次选词填空是一篇关于日常生活化学污染的文章。文章内容虽然略带科普性,但实际上与大家的日常生活息息相关,如果用生活常识和中文的背景知识来答题也能帮助不少。同时,从词汇考查角度看,仍然与往年相同,副词考查最少,名词和动词重点考查,所以与沪江英语教研君在平时向大家提倡的一样,建议对选项和目标词进行词性的标注和预判,进而再根据语法规则及上下文逻辑确定最终答案。另外,本次考题再次证明了难词往往不是答案,例如D. demonstrated,G. habitually都并未出现在答案中。

  八、阅读理解答案:仔细阅读(沪江网校版)

  56 B) Whether local bike shops will suffer。

  57 C) It saw its bike sales on the rise。

必威,  58 B) Its customers have been drawn away by Citi Banks。

  59 A) Inexperienced riders might break biking rules。

  60 D) Approving。

  61. C) Little improvement in education has resulted from increased spending。

  62. B) Skilled students are moving to private schools。

  63. C) Talented women teachers。

  64. A) New career opportunities were made available to them by women’s liberation。

  65. D) An ever-growing number of administrators。

  九、阅读理解答案:长篇阅读(沪江网校版)

  46. E

  47. I

  48. D

  49. O

  50. K

  51. B

  52. E

  53. C

  54. L

  55. G

  【点评】:

  本次长篇阅读匹配题是关于二战后生育高峰的人在美国大萧条时期遭遇下岗、被迫提前退休等困窘状况的原因、影响等。文章题材与前两年阅读常考话题一致,属于社会问题型。考查题目中仍然以80%为细节题,仅有46题和53题为主旨概括题,其他均为细节题。而细节题的好处是题干中的定位词和原文几乎完全一致,如:47题laid off在I段第一句一致;50题Age discrimination在K段特殊标点符号,引号中为“Discrimination by age,…”。因此,从细节题居多,题干关键词基本能与文章一一对应来看,本篇难度与往年持平。

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