一.听力攻略,针对四六级作文的命题方式

2019-11-13 00:24栏目:外语留学
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  四六级作文主要涉及两大方面:一是与学生学习、生活相关的话题;二是社会热点,对于写作主题同学肯定都是熟悉,有话可说的,那么周六要上战场了,在这最后时刻一定要做什么呢?针对四六级作文的命题方式,学习万能模板,真实演练,使万能模板转化为个性化模板,冲击作文高分。

2016年6月如期而至,英语四六级考生也进入到最后的冲刺阶段。那么,最后的15天我们该如何准备才能顺利通过考试呢?其实,英语四六级也不外乎四大题型:听力、阅读、翻译、作文。那么,我们该如何准备找四大考点呢?春喜外语帮你支招。

  距离2015考研[微博]还有60余天,考研复习进入了最后冲刺阶段,新东方在线[微博]考研英语教研室建议大家这一阶段不仅要坚持练习真题,更要开始加重大、小作文的练习力度。

四级考试写作部分主要考查校园生活、日常生活、社会热点话题。根据历年写作真题可知,需要了解以下模板:
1
说明利弊型作文模板
一.听力攻略,针对四六级作文的命题方式。Nowadays many people prefer A because it has a significant role in our daily life. Generally, its advantages can be seen as follows. First, ______ (A 的 优 点 之 一 ).Besides, ______ (A 的优点之二 ).

  四级作文命题趋势是图画作文,六级是引言式(名人名言),依然可以采用经典三段论。

一.听力攻略

  但新东方在线考研写作辅导专家王江涛提醒大家,英语写作的短时提分,主要是靠写作技巧,而不是纯粹的写作能力的提高,比如在道长考研英语写作白金单项班及道长考研英语(二)写作白金单项班中,主要从写作技巧的角度为大家阐释如何写作,争取到能力范围内最高的分数,所谓应试,要效率就必须采用这样的学习思路。

But
every coin has two sides. The negative aspects are also apparent. One
of the disadvantages is that, ______ (A 的第一个缺点 ). What’s worse, ______
(A 的第二个缺点 ).

  四级

短文听力五大常考主题

  写作类型

Through the above analysis, I believe that the positive aspects overweigh the negative ones. Therefore, I would like to ______ ( 我的看法 ).

  第一段:开门见山,简要描述漫画内容,指出寓意。

1.社会生活类

  首先,根据作文内容可将其分为10大类。其实从文章功能来看,我们可把这10大类文章归为三种类型:解决问题、论证观点、阐述现象。其中第一类具有解决问题功能的短文包括了:1、身体健康类;2、职业道德类;3、人口增长类;4、环境保护类;第二类具有论证观点功能的短文包括了:5、情感类;6、人生价值类;第三类具有阐述现象功能的短文包括了:7、文化交流类;8、教育类;9、家庭关系类;10、社会热点类。

[ 或 From the comparison between these positive and negative effects of A, we should take it reasonably and do it according to the circumstances we are in. Only by this way, ______. ( 对前景的预测 )]
2
漫画 / 图表作文写作模板
模板 1
As can be clearly seen from the picture/ drawing/ cartoon (As is shown in the table/figure), great changed have taken place in ______. The ______ have/ has jumped from ______ to ______.

  According to / In / From the cartoon / picture / drawing, (we clearly see that) 图画内容. Actually, what's behind the cartoon is the fact that / Obviously, what the cartoon symbolically illustrates / The cartoon reveals that 图画折射的现象或热点话题。

社会生活类题型出现的次数最多,内容涉及社会新闻、环境保护、生活方式、劳动就业等方面。有时会以新闻播报的方式出现,兼考查天气情况。

  其次,除了以上三项常考功能模板,我们还将在本部分的最后列出两个具有对比论证功能的模板。虽然自从1997 年以来的历年短文题目中没有出现要求进行对比论证的话题,但是考生仍然应该有所准备。

When it comes to the reasons for the changes, different people give different explanations. Here I shall just give a few. To begin with, ______. What’s more, ______. Last but not least, ______.

  第二段:表达对图画寓意的看法(2-3方面论述观点+事例论证)

2.人物故事类

  最后,新东方在线全国研究生入学考试研究中心为大家准备了以下作文模板,供大家参考学习。

While it is desirable that ______, there are still some problems and difficulties for ______. Firstly, ______. In addition, ______. In a word, ______.

  该段是中心段,特别要注重摆事实、讲道理,可分为两种展开形式:观点总结型;原因解释型。

包括生活经历、奇人怪事、励志故事、名人轶事等。考生要注意这类题的第一句和最后一句。

  功能I:解决问题

( 或 As far as I am concerned, ______. For one thing, ______. For another, ______. In brief, I hold that ______. )
模板2
What is shown in the picture/ drawing/ cartoon above indicates that in recent years, more and more people pay attention to ______. The number of those who ______ has increased ______, and furthermore, ______.

  1. 观点总结型

3.科学技术类

  这种类型的文章主要针对一些实际的问题分析其原因和后果,最后提出解决的措施。一般情况下三段的分布为:第一段描述图画内容,第二段分析问题所在,第三段提出解决方案。

There are two factors responsible for the changes. In the first place, ______. Moreover, ______. Yet, it is noticeable that ______.

  Many examples can be found to prove that 图画寓意或观点. A case in point is that 例子①. // The example of 例子① is a typical one. 进一步阐释该例子. In addition / For another example, 例子②。

主要考查细节题、主旨题,考生做题时应记下重复率高的词。

  1、身体健康类

From the analysis, we can safely draw the conclusion that ______. It is possible that in the future, the tendency will ______必威,.
3
立场选择写作模板
There is a widespread concern over the issue that ______ ( 谈 论 全 题 ). But it is well known that the opinion concerning this hot topic varies from person to person. A majority of people think that ______ ( 观点一 ). In their views there are 2 factors contributing to this attitude as follows: in the first place, ______ ( 原因一 ). In the second place, ______ ( 原因二 ). But other people take an opposite side. They firmly believe that ______ ( 观点二 ).

  2. 原因解释型

4.文化教育类

  The picture . What is strikingly noticeable is , but it can be easily explained by shown in the picture。

As for me, I agree to the former/ latter idea. There are a dozen of reasons behind my belief. First of all, ______ ( 论据一 ). More importantly, ______ ( 论据二 ). Most importantly of all, ______ ( 论据三 ).

  In fact, 重申图画寓意或观点. The following reasons can account for 上述现象. First of all / To begin with, 原因①. What's more / Moreover, 原因②. In addition / Besides, 原因③。

包括校园生活、语言文化、民俗习惯、娱乐旅行等。考查细节题居多,有时也会问原因,故听音时要多加注意表示举例、转折、因果的逻辑关系。

  The discern able unhealthiness discloses a prevalent phenomenon that has long existed in the China’s . One the one hand, . On the other hand, . As a result, the integration of poor living conditions and work pressure leads naturally to their poor health and short life-span, just as the picture tells us。

As far as I am concerned, I firmly support the view that ______ ( 观 点 一或二 ). It is not only because ______, but also because ______. The more______, the more ______.
4
社会问题或现象写作模板
模板 1:
Nowadays, there exists an increasingly serious social/economic/environmental problem. (X has increasingly become a common concern of the public). According to a survey, ______ ( 调查内容说明这种现象的情况 ) .

  第三段:升华图画寓意的现实意义,或提出建议。

5.医疗保健类

  The situation is rather depressing because , and it is largely owing to . To solve the problem, I think there should be a thriving social trend , and those who should be rewarded with good living and working conditions。

There are a couple of reasons booming this problem/phenomenon. ______ has caused substantial impact on the society and our daily life, which has been articulated ( 表达 ) in the following aspects.

  To sum up / From my point of view / As for me, 个人意见或看法. 归纳提炼第二段的观点. Therefor / All in all / Only in this way, 总结句。

重点在具体的医疗研究上,听音时考生要注意首尾、转折、因果等处。

  2、职业道德类

A dozen of measures are supposed to be taken to prevent ______ ( 现象或问题) from bringing us more harm. Based on the above discussions, I can easily forecast that more and more people will ______ ( 预测前景).

  六级

复合式听写:关键词“预测”(猜?)

  We can see from the picture that , but 。

模板 2:
Recently, the phenomenon of ______ has become the focus of the public concern. It is no easy/simple task to offer the reason for this phenomenon which involves more than one complicated factor. What has caused this problem? It seems to me that there are several reasons as follows.

  第一段:总结引言所要阐述的道理

技巧一:根据空白处的语法形式预测答案

  If , he would surely express . There are three reasons to explain why it happens to . Firstly, , which resulted from . Secondly, though , . Consequently, . Thirdly, 。

First of all, ______. What is more, ______. Last but not the least, ______. In view of the seriousness of the phenomenon, effective measures should be taken.

  As the proverb / remark puts it, / As is known to all, / It is generally accepted that 论点 / 主题. (It tells / reminds us) 进一步解释引言或观点. ① However, 违背观点的做法. Therefore it is a necessity to 坚持观点. // ② The truth of it is self-evident. (①和②选其一)

在复合式听写中,填单词采用的是完形填空的形式,每个空格都处于特定的上下文之中。因此,考生可以根据空格在句中的位置判断所填单词的词性。由历年真题来看,六级听写的单词部分名词和动词占所需填写单词中的5-6个,副词和形容词一般在1-3个,短语占到2-3个。

  I maintain that effective measures should be taken to put an end to this phenomenon. Firstly, we need to endeavor to advocate . Secondly, strict regulations should be enacted and enforced to create a harmonious and orderly society. Only through the combined efforts can we eliminate this “tumor” forcefully and completely。

On one hand, it is high time that people all over China realized the seriousness of the phenomenon. On the other hand, the government should issue laws and regulations to put the situation under control. Only in this way can we successfully solve the problem.

  第二段:摆出事实论据对其进行论证

技巧二:根据并列连词或并列关系预测答案

  3、人口增长类

  1. Many remarkable reasons contribute to / There are many facts supporting this proverb / 论点转述. First of all / To begin with / Most importantly, 论据①. What's more / Moreover / Furthermore, 论据②. In addition / Besides, 论据③. So, 总述。

在预读听写短文时,考生常常会看到but,and,as well as这类并列连词。这些标志性的连词可以暗示所填词的词性及意思。

  The picture depicts a scene in which . The scene is presented in an artistic and ironic manner. Crowds of people are crammed in . Further examination reveals that 。

  2. 论点的主题can be beneficial to 对象 in several / many aspects. First of all / To begin with / Most importantly, 好处①. For example, 进一步说明好处①. What's more / Moreover / Furthermore / In addition, 好处②。

技巧三:根据固定搭配预测答案

  Apparently, the picture symbolizes that humans, with such a huge population, may one day suffer from the exhaustion of earth resources. Take for example. Given the fact that , we find that . To make it worse, 。

  3. 如果在第一段采用了句式①,中心段还可以运用以下展开方式:

英语的表达中有许多固定搭配,出题人有时会在固定搭配的短语上挖空,考生平时要多积累常用的固定表达,以不变应万变。

  If the conflict between population boom and shortage of resources is not properly controlled, we have every reason to hold a pessimistic perspective towards human’s future on Earth. Perhaps eventually we would face the situation suggested by the picture, that is, . Accordingly, I strongly recommend that the whole globe launch aggressive programs to address this fatal contradiction。

  The following example can fully illustrate the negative influence brought by 不坚持观点的做法. // Let's take 例子 as an example. If 不坚持观点, 将会产生的影响. Moreover, 该观点的作用①. Besides, 作用②. Therefore, it is important for 对象 to 坚持观点。

二.阅读攻略

  4、环境保护类

  第三段:表明自身立场或看法

看首尾、快速通读、划关键词,考时阅读三步走。

  This is a very interesting piece of cartoon, in thanks to . Hence, 。

  Judging from the evidence offered, we might safely draw the conclusion that 观点. (What is worth noting is) 进一步阐释观点. Therefore we should / it is of the utmost significance to 正确的态度或做法。

阅读理解Reading Comprehension包含快速阅读Fast reading和仔细阅读Read in depth。

  Though being a little exaggerating, the cartoon illuminates a serious fact that , and for that matter, . A recent report also supported this view by . On the contrary, we are sad to perceive that 。

  以2013年6月的六级作文为例:

由于做题时间的限制,往往快速阅读就没有必要一个个单词去通读全文,而是需要详略有别的去扫读。

  Therefore, in my opinion, it is already high time for the whole world to form a solid cooperation fighting against , because not a single government or person can be exempt from its harm. A series of down-to-earth measures need to be urgently implemented to control 。

  Good Habits Result From Resisting Temptation

对付长篇阅读,我们可以从以下三个方面入手:

  功能II:论证观点

  As is known to all, good habits are essential to success. And the obstacle to forming good habits is various temptations. However, many people find themselves trapped in a world full of temptations, and thus fall into lots of bad habits. Therefore it is a necessity to resist temptations。

1.快速阅读文章标题、首尾两段,了解主题;

  这种类型的文章主要分析论证一些具体的观点。一般情况下三段的分布为:第一段描述图画内容,第二段提出观点、进行理论分析和事例分析,第三段总结观点、表明态度。

  The following example can fully illustrate the negative influence brought by bad habits. If adolescents spend so much time on time- and health-consuming activities, such as playing computer games, they will not form the good habit of concentrating on books, the poor academic performance becoming obvious. Moreover the habit of having regular physical exercise without sitting all day long before the computer benefits health. Besides, if they can resist the temptation of junk food, there will be no need for them to worry about their health and body shape. Therefore, it is important for adolescents to adopt viable ways to resist temptations。

2.通读10道题目,划出关键词;

  5、情感类

  Judging from the evidence offered above, we might safely draw the conclusion that the ability to resist temptations does help us form good habits, which pave the way to success. So we should stand firm against various lures to form good habits。

3.带着关键词浏览文章,寻找与所划关键词一致或同义的词句。

  As is shown in the picture above, . Obviously from we can surmise that 。

  学习了万能模板之后,同学们不是死记硬背,而是拿真题操练,使之转化成为自己的模板,这样上考场写作文时才能游刃有余,教研君期待你来晒分~

**阅读常考题型详解**

  It goes without saying that the primary purpose of the picture lies in eulogizing the practice of . As a matter of fact, it is not rare to find in our everyday life deeds of similar nature. For instance, . Additionally, we can also hear many stories about . Not to mention those moving cases of 。

1.细节题

  All in all, I firmly believe that a harmonious society is based on a . By , people not only harvest , but also gain that can never be purchased via money。

例:55. What is the chief concern of native high-skilled,better-educated employees about the inflow of immigrants?(CET-6)

  6、人生价值类

原文出处:

  As the old Chinese saying goes, . It echoes with this picture in which . The title of the picture further points out that 。

Among high-skilled,better-educated employees, however, opposition was strongest in states with both high numbers of immigrants and relatively generous social services.

  The picture is meant to . As far as I am concerned, I think . This universal truth can be particularly proved in the field of , where 。

题干中的high-skilled,better-educated employees的信息非常具体,和原文一致。

  A brief survey of history about also demonstrates the fundamental importance of . , for example, . The same principle applies to common people as well, and I am sure everybody can benefit from 。

解题方法:仔细研读文中相应段落或句子,先理解,后归纳或推理。

  功能III:阐述现象

2.推断题

  这种类型的文章主要描述一些现象并具体分析解释现象的原因等。一般情况下三段的分布为:第一段描述图画内容,第二段分析该现象的原因、意义等,第三段总结观点、或提出建议。

应对方法:同细节题,先看题干和选项,再回相应的原文找答案,先理解后推理。

  7、文化交流类

3.主旨题

  It is a very eye-catching photo in which . What makes this picture extraordinary is , which clearly indicates 。

解题方法:大部分文章都有主题句,主题句表达了文章的中心思想,找到了主题句,也就抓住了文章的主旨大意。

  The sense of that permeates this picture is representative of , that is, , and therefore, . China, in particular, . The effect of such communication can be best exemplified by 。

三.翻译攻略

  While people belong to nations, cultures know no boundary. is not only featured by , but more importantly, by . I firmly believe that is contributing, and will contribute more to the world’s peace, development, and prosperity. (参见范文1)

来到考生失分较多的翻译部分,目前四六级翻译改为汉译英段落翻译,难度提升的同时得分点也随之增多。

  8、教育类

失分痛点一:错误的主语

  As the title indicates, “ ”, the set of pictures apparently reminds us that . It is discern able that 。

在逐句译的时候,同学们会习惯性地将开头的词作为主语,拿着这个“主语”就开始写,然后整个句子就面目全非了。

  The drawing virtually reminds its audience a widespread phenomenon existing negatively in the area of basic education in China, that is, . That is to say, . Such a practice is very harmful in terms of the following aspects. Firstly, . Secondly, . Last but not the least, 。

失分痛点二:谓语错译或句中出现多个谓语

  In my point of view, , but it is only part of the picture. On the other hand, . Therefore, it is an urgent task to . As children are the future of our nation, creating a good environment for their upbringing means creating a bright and promising future for our nation。

汉语和英语最大的差异在于:一个英文句子的主干中,有且只能有一个谓语。而汉语中一个句子往往可以不止一个谓语。这时,选择哪个谓语作为主句的动词,变得至关重要。

  9、家庭关系类

失分痛点三:用词不够准确

  The cartoon reveals a very thought-provoking scene. The artist purposefully exaggerates . This picture reveals the in-depth problem of 。

在汉译英中,许多同学头疼的就是遇到单词突然想不起。一想到单词拼写错误要扣分的评分标准,有的同学就选择用近义词来代替。可万万没想到的是:用词不恰当,就“差之毫厘,失之千里”,进而闹出各种神翻译的笑话来。

  In fact, . There are two reasons for this. The first and perhaps most important is that . The other reason is more serious from a practical point of view. . It owes to 。

春喜外语建议:划分语块

  In my point of view, the trend goes quite against the genuine and original purpose of our . What I want to emphasize by the above analysis is that, . Therefore, I strongly contend that 。

先仔细研读中文,把其划为语块,再将这些语块译成单词或短语,最后注意连接、修订。

  10、社会热点类

例:梅兰芳是京城四大名旦之一。

  The two pictures illustrate vividly . In the left picture , while in the right 。

切分的语块为:梅兰芳/(是)/京城/四大名旦/之一。

  From the two pictures we can sense a crazy tendency of . Aside from , another telling example is , which was so successful in that . The pictures also make it obvious that we should 。

语块对应的英文:Meilanfang / is / Beijing / four famed Peking Opera female-role performers / of +复数名词

  Admittedly, it is natural that . Nevertheless, it is the responsibility of our government and society to . In my opinion, what’s the more important is to . In short, 。

连接时,稍微注意中英文并非一一对等,调整语序得出:

  功能IV:对比论证

Meilanfang is one of the four famed Peking Opera female-role performers in Beijing.

  这类功能具体是针对那些要求比较不同事物或者同一事物的不同方面的文章。一般情况下三段的分布为:第一段描述图画内容、提出问题,第二段列举和分析对于该问题的不同看法和观点、进行对比和比较,第三段阐明自己的观点和看法。

Tips:汉英非一一对应,注意“一词多译”现象

  According to the two pictures presented, it can be observed that. In the left picture, . A the same time, as the right one shows. Different people have different views on 。

汉语和英文并非一一对应,因此,汉译英时要根据不同语境,灵活选择汉语对应的英文单词。

  Some people support by claiming that . In their opinion, . In addition, . Meanwhile, there are some people, especially young men, who . Their reasons are quite different, sometimes for , sometimes for , sometimes simply for 。

四.作文攻略

  In my point of view, both sides are partly right. To thoroughly analyze this problem, we should take into consideration of all relevant aspects, so as to make the right decision. Therefore, my conclusion would be that 。

无论是图画作文,还是引言式作文(名人名言),都可以采用经典的三段论

  需要说明的是,以上分类并不是具有绝对意义的,譬如一些身体健康类的话题也可能适合以论证观点的短文模板来套用,这里所做的分类指大致的分类和适用范围。

图画作文

第一段:开门见山,简要描述漫画内容,指出寓意。

According to/ In / From the cartoon / picture / drawing,( we clearly see that )图画内容。Actually,what's behind the cartoon is the fact that /Obviously,the cartoon symbolically illustrates/reveals that图画折射的现象或热点话题。

第二段:表达对图画寓意的看法(2-3方面论述观点+事例论证),该段是中心段,特别要注重摆事实、讲道理,可分为两种展开形式:观点总结型;原因解释型。

1.观点总结型

Many examples can be found to prove that图画寓意或观点.A case in point is that例子①。/The example of例子① is a typical one。进一步阐释该例子.In addition/For example,例子②。

2.原因解释型

In fact,重申图画寓意或观点. The following reasons can be account for上述现象. First of all/ To bagin with,原因①. What's more/ Moreover,原因②。

In addition /Besides,原因③。

第三段:升华图画寓意的现实意义,或提出建议。

In sum up/ From my point of view /As for me,个人意见或看法,归纳提炼第二段的观点。

Therefore/ All in all/ Only in this way,总结句。

引言式(名人名言)

第一段:总结引言所要阐述的道理

As the proverb/ remark puts it,/ As is known to all,/ It is generally accepted that论点/主题. (It tells / reminds us)进一步解释引言或观点。① However,违背观点的做法。Therefore,it is a necessity to坚持观点。/② The truth of it is self-evident。(①和②选其一)

第二段:摆出事实论据对其进行论证

  1. Many remarkable reasons contribute to /There are many facts supporting this proverb /论点转述。

First of all / To begin with / Most importantly,论据①。

What's more /Moreover / Furthermore,论据②。In addition / Besides,论据③。So,总述。

2.论点的主题can be beneficial to对象in serval /many aspects。First of all/ To bagin with / Most importantly,好处。For example,进一步说明好处。What's more /Moreover /Furthermore /In addition,好处。

3.如果在第一段采用了句式①,中心段还可以运用以下展开方式:The following example can fully illustrate the negative influence brought by不坚持观点的做法。/Let's take例子as an example. If不坚持观点,将会产生的影响. Moreover,该观点的作用①。

Besides,作用②。

Therefore,it is important for对象to坚持观点。

第三段:表明自身立场或看法

Judging from the evidence offered,we might safely draw the conclusion that观点.(What is worth nothing is)进一步阐释观点。Therefore,we should / it is of the utmost significance to正确的态度或做法。

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