以下是2014年6月英语四级四级听力真题短文一(来

2019-11-13 20:05栏目:外语留学
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  新浪教育[微博]讯:2014年6月14日全国大学英语四级考试已结束,本次考试为多题多卷,新浪外语第一时间收集整理不同版本试题及参考答案,供考生参考,以下是2014年6月英语四级四级听力真题短文一(来源:沪江网校)

  2014年6月全国大学英语四级考试已经结束,文都教育将会在之后的时间里与同学们分享大学英语四级真题及参考答案,敬请关注!以下为2014年6月英语四级听力原文汇总,一起来回顾吧!

来源:(无字幕)原视频链接

四六级刚结束就急着对答案???

  Passage One

  Part Ⅱ        Listening Comprehension          (30 minutes)

Tips for IELTS listening

话说还记得自己在考场上写了啥吗???

  Most American college students need to be efficient readers. This is necessary because full-time students probably have to read several hundred pages every week. They don't have time to read a chapter three or four times. They need to extract as much information as possible from the first or second reading。

  Section A

Lesson I

其实你只要只知道这3个答案就行:黄山=Huangshan (Yellow Mountain),华山=Huashan (Mount Hua),泰山=Taishan (Mount Tai)。如果以上翻译你都对了,那就可以吃个定心丸了。

  An extraordinarily important study skill is knowing how to mark a book. Students mark the main ideas and important details with a pen or pencil, yellow or blue or orange. Some students mark new vocabulary in a different color. Most students write questions or short notes in the margins. Marking a book is a useful skill, but it's important to do it right. First, read a chapter with one pen in your hand and others next to you on the desk. Second, read a whole paragraph before you mark anything. Don't mark too much. Usually you will mark about 10% of a passage. Third, decide on your own system for marking. For example, maybe you will mark main ideas in yellow, important details in blue and new words in orange. Maybe you will put question marks in the margin when you don't understand something and before an exam. Instead, you just need to review your marks and you can save a lot of time。

  Directions: In this section, you will hear 8 short conversations and 2 long conversations. At the end of each conversation, one or more questions will be asked about what was said. Both the conversation and the questions will be spoken only once. After each question there will be a pause. During the pause, you must read the four choices marked A), B), C) and D), and decide which is the best answer. Then mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 1 with a single line through the centre。

-01-Practice makes perfect. listening part is about 40 marks, 30 mins.

接下来知米妞就给大家送上热腾腾的《2017年12月大学英语四级考试真题及答案》,由于时间限制仅整理出了第一套,后续真题及答案会陆续更新,关注微信公众号【知米背单词】可以获取最新的四六级真题及答案。

  16. What should American college students do to cope with their heavy reading assignments?

  1. W: I can’t seem to reach the tea at the back of the cupboard。

The book I recommend is Cambridge series for IELTS practice.there are many parts in that book, not just for the listening but the listening materials are good. You don't get that many listening tests in that book, but what you can do is do a test and then take a break like two weeks or three weeks whatever. Then you forget then you could redo test again. That’s really important because as our native speaker, plus someone with university degree, but I will do in IELTS listening test after a long break and not get a lot of the answers right. Doing IELTS in the listening part is just another example, it is much about learning how to pass a test and learning an exam technique basically. Because if native speakers going toether all right, it shows you need to train yourself to be able to do the listening test. If I do a couples of these tests, I am getting them more right. So more you practise tests you really will become better and better in doing this test. Even if right now, you think your English is like really good that you are going to a high score in IELTS listening because of your listening. It may be true that you are really English good speaker, and you understand a lot. But if you havent prectise any of the IELTS tests, you might not get a good score because you haven’t learned these exam techniques you need if you are not familiar with these tests.

大家可以在自定义菜单点击【CET答案】查询最新的四六级真题及解析。

  17. What suggestion does the speaker give about marking a textbook?

  M: Oh… Why don’t you use the ladder? You might strain your shoulder。

-02-Spell carefully.

必威 1

  18. How should students prepare for an exam according to the speaker?

  Q: What does the man suggest the woman do?

If you make spell mistake, you don't get the mark. So try your best to spell things correctly. Especially in questions where they are spelling something to you. Make sure you don't lose easy points for writing down the wrong letters. Which brings us to Learn pronunction of letters. So just do a little revision and go back over how to say the letters in British English. Because IELTS test is mainly British English accent. So make sure you know how we say all letters here. But it wont so be quite hard to if you to practice the American English and Austrilian English. Because these also be covered in the test you got different accents.

2017年12月四级翻译真题解析:黄山篇

  2. W: Since it’s raining so hard, let’s go and see the new exhibits。

When you do the test in between the different part of the exam, there are 4 parts, you got a little bit reading time. When you get these reading time, what you should be doing is reading the question you are about to answer. No checking the answer you wrote before. A lot of people would just be looking back at what they already done, but when they do that they are not preparing for the next questions, you really need to make the most of that time. And make sure that you write what word is coming. And that would help you because these listening exams they are in chronological which means it starts from the top of the page first anwer some on the first of the page, and then you goes down. It is not like you have to be looking all over the paper for the answers basically.

黄山位于安徽省南部。它风景独特,尤以其日出和云海著称。要欣赏大山的宏伟壮丽,通常得向上看。但要欣赏黄山美景,就得向下看。黄山的湿润气候有利于茶树生长,是中国主要产茶地之一。这里还有许多温泉,其泉水有助于防治皮肤病。黄山是中国主要旅游目的地之一,也是摄影和传统国画最受欢迎的主题。(139字)

  M: That’s a good idea. Mary Johnson is one of my favorite painters。

**-03-You only hear it once. **

Huangshan (Yellow Mountain) is located in southern Anhui Province. The area is well known for its unique scenery, especially sunrise and sea of clouds. To enjoy the magnificence of a mountain, you have to look upwards in most cases. To enjoy Huangshan, however, you've got to look downward. Furthermore, Huangshan's moist climate facilitates the growing of tea trees, therefore the mountain is one of China's premier tea-growing areas. In addition, Huangshan has multiple hot springs which help prevent and cure skin illness. Huangshan is one of China's major tourist destinations and the most frequent subject of photography and traditional Chinese painting.

  Q: Where does the conversation most probably take place?

Don't stress. When you are practising things, your exams, doing practise tests, try to do it on the way you are listening once, and don't worry so much if you get them wrong. Just listen once then leave those tests for a while you forgot about them then come back again. If you listening twice, you wont practise IELTS skills.

2017年12月英语四级翻译真题解析:华山篇

  3. M: I hear the students gave the new teacher an unfair evaluation。

IELTS has perticularl skills, it is not like normal spoken English. It is nothing like normal spoken English, but in one way makes it very easy to understand. So get used to that kind of speaking style. It might be a British English accent, maybe American English accent or Australian accent. Just make you more ready for doing test.

华山位于华阴市,距西安120公里。华山是秦岭的一部分,秦岭不仅分隔陕南与陕北,也分隔华南与华北。与从前人们常去朝拜的泰山不同,华山过去很少有人光临,因为上山的道路极其危险。然而,希望长寿的人却经常上山,因为山上生长着许多药草,特别是一些稀有的药草。自上世纪90年代安装缆车以来,参观人数大大增加。(145字)

  W: It depends on which student you are talking about。

-04-Here are some other model or tips.

Huashan (Mount Hua) is situated in Huayin City, 120 kilometers away from Xi'an. It is part of the Qinling Mountains, which divides not only Southern and Northern Shaanxi, but also South and North China. Unlike Taishan, which became a popular place of pilgrimage, Huashan was not well visited in the past because it is dangerous for the climbers to reach its summit. Huashan was also an important place frequented by immortality seekers, as many herbs grow there especially some rare ones. Since the installation of the cable cars in the 1990s, the number of visitors has increased significantly.

  Q: What does the woman imply?

As a listener, key word is really important, these are, as you listening, the words are going to point you to the answers. Like when you looking at the questions writen on the papers, you will be looking for verb, adjectives, nouns, especially in the third and final parts of the listening test, you get increasingly difficult. It is very likely that you don't know the nouns they are talking about. It could be scientific or acadamic context they are talking about, could be really unusal noun that you never heard before.

2017年12月大学英语四级翻译真题解析:泰山

  4. W: It must have taken you a long time to fix up all these book shelves。

That’s ok. Because as long as you know that you are listening out for a noun, because you look at the question, if there is a word that you don't know, but you know it's a noun because it has “the” before it, or “a” before it, that’s probably your answer. So don't be too scared when you hear words like I don't know what's that, I mean I don't know what it is. Because you are not supposed to know what every word means. You just supposed to be able to, you know, magically find the answer by knowing where a noun comes from those sentences basically. What else to say, synonyms, you don't just know synonyms will be useful and important in a test. So when you listening, you might hear the word suitcase but on the answer paper, the word lagaugge may be written. Unsaving reservation, booking, holiday, vacation. So when you listening you not necessarily try to find exact words, you may be trying find something similar. And here is the IELTS tricks the love tyo do. Some would be talking, and they will give the answer. ”Yes I like booking for, I like a table for on Mondays. Yes, that’s great. Oh no, actually I changed my mind on Tuesday next week. This is what they do. They say the answer and then they take it back. So sometimes you think you find the answer, you write it down. So just be aware of that IELTS tricks.

泰山位于山东省西部。海拔1500余米,方圆约400平方公里。泰山不仅雄伟壮观,而且是一座历史文化名山,过去3000多年一直是人们前往朝拜的地方。据记载,共有72位帝王曾来此游览。许多作家到泰山获取灵感,写诗作文,艺术家也来此绘画。山上因此留下了许许多多的文物古迹。泰山如今已成为中国一处主要的旅游景点。(142字)

  M: It wasn’t too bad. I got Doris to do some of them。


Taishan (Mount Tai) is located in western Shandong Province. It is over 1,500 meters tall and covers an area of about 400 square kilometers. Taishan is a majestic mountain of historical and cultural significance which has been a place of worship for at least 3,000 years. A total of 72 emperors were recorded as visiting it. Writers came to acquire inspiration for composing poems and writing essays while artists for painting. Hence, a great many cultural relics were left on the mountain. Taishan has now become a major tourist attraction in China.

  Q: What does the man mean?

Lesson II
What we are going to do to the next part to the lesson is look speicifically at the harder questions, questions form what you need to look out for those specific question types.

2017年12月大学英语四级考试答案(第一套)

  5. W: Rod, I hear you’ll be leaving at the end of this month. Is it true?

There are several general tips for the specific questions types. I am not going to look around all the question types.

答案速查:

  M: Yeah. I’ve been offered a much better position with another firm. I’d be a fool to turn it down。

-01-Form filling.

Part Ⅲ Reading Comprehension ( 40 minutes )

  Q: Why is the man quitting his job?

Sometimes you get form like this information missing (name, telephone, location) .
The listening test is chronological. It was started talking about diagram, name then it move to cross. You know after you hear the name, you would like to hear the telephone number. And this is repeated, maybe you have somebody’s name here, maybe you have the number here, when you get here again you know you need to be waiting to hear the location. It might not be a place you know, might be a place you never hear of. When that happens you just have to either take a guess, spelling this word you never hear or they will spell that place to you.. that would be like: hmm, I am not sure if I understood that correctly. Did you say bristol? Yeas, that’s right. Bristol. So either you have to guess or they will spell to you. Don't put too many words or too much information in this things. Because you put many answers here, but you also put some extra pieces of information you wont get any mark there. That would be wrong. So the correct number of words. not more than that. The IELTS trick, they give you unfamiliar names or once they spell in unexpected ways. So when you listening out for the names you only going to hear them once. But rather thinking you already know how to spell the name, spell the way you hear because sometimes you doubt yourself you hear the weird name. Like Smith you will like, oh I know how to spell Smith. But it didn't sound like Smith. Oh but I must hear that wrong. That might be Smithe in a strange way. Trust what you hear. Not what you think it should be.

Section A 26—30 KDMOA  31—35 FHICB

  6. W: I honestly don’t want to continue the gardening tomorrow, Tony?

-02-Label map/diagram

Section B 36—40 IECDB   41—45 HGFAJ

  M: Neither do I. But I think we should get it over with this weekend。

This would not necessary be in every single test. Therefore you might not extrally get those in your test, but the really work in your practise because they are on your test they are some of the hardest questions. So you might lose your point here. It usually in the first or second section. So should be one of, among the easiest listening questions in the whole test. So you really don't want to lose any points in this section of the test.

Section C 46—50 DCACB  51—55 DAACB

  Q: What does the man mean?

Label diagram is more complicated. Usually in part three or part four. But with same principle.

答案详解:

  7. W: You’ve already furnished your apartment?

How could you prepare for this? Use reading time to look at the map. Anticipate shops names? Streets names? Buliding names or numbers? Or landmarks?
Learn directions phrass, like across, opposite, on the right-hand site. When we get to the diagram these will be technical vocabulary probably language you not familiar with. You havent heard before you don't know it. Listen out for unusal technical words.

Part Ⅲ Reading Comprehension

  M: I found some used furniture that was dirt cheap。

Flow chart completion/classication.

Section A

  Q: What do we learn from the conversation?


  1. K superior

  2. D nuisance

  3. M tip

  4. O visual

  5. A associated

  6. F preventing

  7. H sensitive

  8. I slight

  9. C indicate

  10. B examine

  8. W: Has the mechanic called the bus repairers?

听力练习小小心得:

Section B

  M: Not yet .I’ll let you know when he calls。

用英语跟外国人进行面对面交流或是电话交流时,起初会小紧张。但后面习惯了就好多了。主要还是因为多练习。

  1. Elderly students find it hard to keep up with the rapid changes in education.

  Q: What do we learn from the conversation?

前些天看一样同为毕业了的同学还在闲暇时候继续坚持做听力练习。想来忏愧。工作后因为日常跟外国人打交道,听力倒也见长,但总感觉还不够。所以在此提醒自己,也提醒更多的简友,有空不如多做听力练习,多提升自己。

答案:I

  Questions 9 to 11 are based on the conversation you have just heard。

今天听这则视频时,一直听不出一个单词【chronological】:依照时间先后顺序排列的。这个单词自己平时没用到。听第一遍时,一直听到的是:clock-logical。又重复听了几遍。最后突然想到这个单词。想到的时候其实拼写不对。所以对照着词典,看发音音节。现在记住了。又多学了一个单词,小开森~

  1. Some believe take-home exams may affect students' performance in other courses.

  Conversation one

小小tip:以后听到陌生单词时,可以试着对单词发音分解,然后拼写出来,即使拼写出来的不是正确的。拼字出来后,联系听力内容,猜测这个单词是什么词性,然后再逐步校正单词每个字母。一步一步来,可能就会拼写对了。如果不是考试时,则可以根据你拼写的内容,输入字典中,根据你听到的发音进行筛选。就可以得出正确的单词啦~

答案:E

  M: Hello. Matt Ellis speaking。


  1. Certain professors believe in-class exams are ultimately more helpful to students.

  W: Hello, Dr. Ellis, my name’s Pan Johnson. My roommate, Janet Holmes, wanted me to call you。

本译文仅供个人研习、欣赏语言之用,谢绝任何转载及用于任何商业用途。本译文所涉法律后果均由本人承担。本人同意简书平台在接获有关著作权人的通知后,删除文章。

答案:C

  M: Janet Holmes? Oh, that’s right. She’s in my Shakespearean English class. Has anything happened to her?

我是十一安,以上听力文本如有错误,欢迎指出,共同学习讨论。

  1. In-class exams are believed to discourage cheating in exams.

  W: Nothing, it’s just that she submitted a job application yesterday and the company asked her in for an interview today. She’s afraid she won’t be able to attend your class this afternoon though. I’m calling to see whether it would be OK if I gave you her essay. Janet said it’s due today。

后面有空时再把译文附上

答案:D

  M: Certainly, that would be fine. Uh, you can either drop it off at my class or bring it to my office。


  1. The author was happy to learn she could do some exams at home.

  W: Would it be all right to come by your office around 4:00? I’m afraid I can’t come any earlier because I have three classes this afternoon。

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答案:B

  M: Uh, I won’t be here when you come. I’m supposed to be at a meeting from 3:00 to 6:00, but how about leaving it with my secretary? She usually stays until 5:00.

  1. Students who put off their work until the last moment often find the exams more difficult than they actually are.

  W: Fine, please tell her I’ll be there at 4:00. And Dr. Ellis, one more thing, could you tell me where your office is? Janet told me where your class is, but she didn’t give me directions to your office。

答案:H

  M: Well, I’m in Room 302 of the Gregory Building. I’ll tell my secretary to put the paper in my mail box, and I’ll get it when I return。

  1. Different students may prefer different types of exams.

  W: I sure appreciate it. Goodbye, Dr. Ellis。

答案:G

  M: Goodbye, Ms. Johnson。

  1. Most professors agree whether to give an in-class or a take-home exam depends on type of course being taught.

  Questions 9 to 11 are based on the conversation you have just heard。

答案:F

  9. Why couldn’t the woman’s roommate attend the Shakespearean English class that afternoon?

  1. The author dropped out of college some forty years ago.

  10. What favor is the woman going to do for her roommate?

答案:A

  11. What does the woman want to know at the end of the conversation?

  1. Some students think take-home exams will eat up their free time.

  Conversation two

答案:J

  W: How are things going, Roald?

Section C

  M: Not bad, Jane. I’m involved in several projects and it’s a long working day. But I’m used to that so it doesn’t bother me too much。

Passage One

  W: I heard you have moved to a new house in the suburb. How do you like commuting to London every day? Don’t you find it a string?

  1. What did researchers find puzzling about the first-night effect?

  M: It was terrible at first, especially getting up before dawn to catch that 6:30 train. But it’s bearable now that I’ m used to it。

答案:D) In what way it can be beneficial.

  W: Don’t you think it’s an awful waste of time? I couldn’t bear to spend three hours sitting in a train every day。

  1. What do we learn about Dr. Yuka Sasaki doing her research?

  M: I used to feel the same as you. But now I quite enjoy it。

答案:C) She got some idea from previous studies on birds and dolphins

  W: How do you pass the time? Do you bring some work with you to do on the train?

  1. What did Dr. Sasaki do when she first did her experiment?

  M: Ah, that’s a good question. In the morning, I just sit in comfort and read the papers to catch up with the news. On the way home at night, I relax with a good book or chat with friends or even have a game of bridge。

A) She monitored the brain activity of participants sleeping in a new environment.

  W: I suppose you know lots of people on the train now。

  1. What did Dr. Sasaki do when re-running her experiment?

  M: Yes, I bumped into someone I know on the platform every day. Last week I came across a couple of old school friends and we spend the entire journey in the bar。

答案:C) She exposed her participants to two different stimuli.

  W: It sounds like a good club. You never know. I may join it too。

  1. What did Dr. Sasaki find about the participants in her experiment?

  Questions 12 to 15 are based on the conversation you have just heard。

答案:B) They tended to perceive irregular beeps as a threat.

  12. What does the man say about his job?

Passage Two

  13. Which train does the man take to work every day?

  1. What does the author say is the problem with women?

  14. How does the man feel about commuting to work every day now?

答案:D) They tend to push themselves beyond the limits of their ability.

  15. How does the man spend his time on the morning train?

  1. Why do working women of child-bearing age tend to feel drained of energy?

  Section B

答案:A) They struggle to satisfy the demands of both work and home.

  Directions: In this section, you will hear 3 short passages. At the end of each passage, you will hear some questions. Both the passages and the questions will be spoken only once. After you hear a question, you must choose the best answer from the four choices marked A), B), C) and D ). Then mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 1 with a single line through the centre。

  1. What may hinder the future prospects of career women?

  Passage One

答案:A) Their unwillingness to say “no”.

  Most American college students need to be efficient readers. This is necessary because full-time students probably have to read several hundred pages every week. They don't have time to read a chapter three or four times. They need to extract as much information as possible from the first or second reading。

  1. Men and woman differ in their approach to resolving workplace conflicts in that______.

  An extraordinarily important study skill is knowing how to mark a book. Students mark the main ideas and important details with a pen or pencil, yellow or blue or orange. Some students mark new vocabulary in a different color. Most students write questions or short notes in the margins. Marking a book is a useful skill, but it's important to do it right. First, read a chapter with one pen in your hand and others next to you on the desk. Second, read a whole paragraph before you mark anything. Don't mark too much. Usually you will mark about 10% of a passage. Third, decide on your own system for marking. For example, maybe you will mark main ideas in yellow, important details in blue and new words in orange. Maybe you will put question marks in the margin when you don't understand something and before an exam. Instead, you just need to review your marks and you can save a lot of time。

答案:C) men tend to put their personal interests first

  16. What should American college students do to cope with their heavy reading assignments?

  1. What is important to a good leader?

  17. What suggestion does the speaker give about marking a textbook?

答案:B) The ability to delegate.

  18. How should students prepare for an exam according to the speaker?

2017年12月大学英语四级考试真题(第一套)

  Passage Two

Part I Writing (25 minutes)

  The thought of having no sleep for 24 hours or more isn't a pleasant one for most people. The amount of sleep that each person needs varies. In general, each of us needs about 8 hours of sleep each day to keep us healthy and happy. Some people, however, can get by with just a few hours of sleep at night。

Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a short easy on how to best handle the relationship between doctors and patients. You should write at least 120 words but no more than 180 words.

  It doesn't matter when or how much a person sleeps. But everyone needs some rest to stay alive. Few doctors would have thought that there might be an exception to this. Sleep is, after all, a very basic need. But a man named Al Herpin turned out to be a real exception, for supposedly, he never slept!

Part II Listening Comprehension (25 minutes)

  Al Herpin was 90 years old when doctors came to his home in New Jersy. They hoped to challenge the claim that he never slept. But they were surprised. Though they watched him every hour of the day, they never saw Herpin sleeping. He did not even own a bed. He never needed one。

Section A

  The closest that Herpin came to resting was to sit in a rocking chair and read a half dozen newspapers. His doctors were puzzled by the strange case of permanent sleeplessness. Herpin offered the only clue to his condition. He remembered some talk about his mother having been injured several days before he had been born. Herpin died at the age of 94, never, it seems, having slept at all。

Directions: In this section, you will hear three news reports. At the end of each news report, you will hear two or three questions. Both the news report and the questions will be spoken only once. After you hear a question, you must choose the best answer from the four choices marked A), B), C) and D). Then mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 1 with a single line through the centre.

  19. What is taken for granted by most people?

Questions 1 and 2 are based on the news report you have just heard.

  20. What do doctors think of Al Herpin's case?

  1. A) Her friend Erika. C) Her grandfather.

  21. What could have accounted for Al Herpin's sleeplessness?

B) Her little brother. D) Her grandmother.

  Passage Three

  1. A) By taking pictures for passers-by. C) By selling lemonade and pictures.

  Hetty Green was a very spoiled, only child. She was born in Massachusetts USA in 1835. Her father was a millionaire businessman. Her mother was often ill, and so from the age of two her father took her with him to work and taught her about stocks and shares. At the age of six she started reading the daily financial newspapers and opened her own bank account. Her father died when she was 21 and she inherited 7.5 million dollars. She went to New York and invested on Wall Street. Hetty saved every penny, eating in the cheapest restaurants for 15 cents. She became one of the richest and most hated women in the world. At 33 she married Edward Green, a multi-millionaire, and had two children, Ned and Sylvia。

B) By working part time at a hospital. D) By asking for help on social media.

  Hetty’s meanness was well-known. She always argued about prices in shops. She walked to the local grocery store to buy broken biscuits which were much cheaper, and to get a free bone for her much loved dog. Once she lost a two-cent stamp and spent the night looking for it. She never bought clothes and always wore the same long, ragged black skirt. Worst of all, when her son, Ned, fell and injured his knee, she refused to pay for a doctor and spent hours looking for free medical help. In the end Ned lost his leg. When she died in 1916 she left her children 100 million dollars. Her daughter built a hospital with her money。

Questions 3 and 4 are based on the news report you have just heard.

  22. What do we learn about Hetty Green as a child?

  1. A) Finding cheaper ways of highway construction.

  23. How did Hetty Green become rich overnight?

B) Generating electric power for passing vehicles.

  24. Why was Hetty Green much hated?

C) Providing clean energy to five million people.

  25. What do we learn about Hetty's daughter?

D) Testing the efficiency of the new solar panel.

 

  1. A) They can stand the wear and tear of natural elements.

B) They can be laid right on top of existing highways.

C) They are only about half an inch thick.

D) They are made from cheap materials.

Questions 5 to 7 are based on the news report you have just heard.

  1. A) Endless fighting in the region. C) Inadequate funding for research.

B) The hazards from the desert. D) The lack of clues about the species.

  1. A) To observe the wildlife in the two national parks.

B) To identify the reasons for the lions’ disappearance.

C) To study the habitat of lions in Sudan and Ethiopia.

D) To find evidence of the existence of the “lost lions”.

  1. A) Lions walking. C) Some camping facilities.

B) Lions’ tracks. D) Traps set by local hunters.

Section B

Directions:In this section, you will hear two long conversations. At the end of each conversation, you will hear four questions. Both the conversation and the questions will be spoken only once. After you hear a question, you must choose the best answer from the four choices marked A), B), C), and D). Then mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 1 with a single line through the centre.

Questions 8 to 11 are based on the conversation you have just heard.

  1. A) Her ‘lucky birthday’. C) Her wedding anniversary.

B) A call from her dad. D) A special gift from the man.

  1. A) Gave her a big model plane. C) Took her on a trip overseas.

B) Bought her a good necklace. D) Threw her a surprise party.

  1. A) The gift her husband has bought.

B) The trip her husband has planned.

C) What has been troubling her husband.

D) What her husband and the man are up to.

  1. A) He will be glad to be a guide for the couple’s holiday trip.

B) He will tell the women the secret if her husband agrees.

C) He is eager to learn how the couple’s holiday turns out.

D) He wants to find out about the couple’s holiday plan.

Questions 12 to 15 are based on the conversation you have just heard.

  1. A) They are sensitive to the dynamics of a negotiation.

B) They see the importance of making compromises.

C) They know when to adopt a tough attitude.

D) They take the rival’s attitude into account.

  1. A) They know how to adapt. C) They know when to make compromises.

B) They know when to stop. D) They know how to control their emotion.

  1. A) They are patient. C) They learn quickly.

B) They are good at expression. D) They uphold their principles.

  1. A) Make clear one's intentions. C) Formulate one's strategy.

B) Clarify items of negotiation. D) Get to know the other side.

Section C

Directions: In this section, you will hear three passages. At the end of each passage, you will hear three or four questions. Both the passage and the questions will be spoken only once. After you hear a question, you must choose the best answer from the four choices marked A), B), C), D). Then mark the corresponding letter on Answer

Sheet 1 with a single line through the centre.

Questions 16 to 18 are based on the passage you have just heard.

  1. A) When America's earliest space program started.

B) When the International Space Station was built.

C) How many space shuttle missions there will be.

D) How space research benefits people on Earth.

  1. A) They accurately calculated the speed of the orbiting shuttles.

B) They developed objects for astronauts to use in outer space.

C) They tried to meet astronauts' specific requirements.

D) They tried to make best use of the latest technology.

  1. A) They are extremely accurate. C) They were first made in space.

B) They are expensive to make. D) They were invented in the 1970s.

Questions 19 to 21 are based on the passage you have just heard.

  1. A) It was when her ancestors came to America.

B) People had plenty of land to cultivate then.

C) It marked the beginning of something new.

D) Everything was natural and genuine then.

  1. A) They believed in working for goals. C) They had all kinds of entertainment.

B) They enjoyed living a living a life of ease. D) They were known to be creative.

  1. A) Chatting with her ancestors. C) Polishing all the silver work.

B) Furnishing her country house. D) Doing needlework by the fire.

Questions 22 to 25 are based on the passage you have just heard.

  1. A) Use a map to identify your location. C) Sit down and try to calm yourself.

B) Call your family or friends for help. D) Try to follow your footprints back.

  1. A) You may find a way out without your knowing it.

B) You may expose yourself to unexpected dangers.

C) You may get drowned in a sudden flood.

D) You may end up entering a wonderland.

  1. A) Look for food. C) Start a fire.

B) Wait patiently. D) Walk uphill.

  1. A) Inform somebody of your plan. C) Check the local weather.

B) Prepare enough food and drink. D) Find a map and a compass.

必威,Part Ⅲ Reading Comprehension ( 40 minutes )

Section A

Directions: In this section, there is a passage with ten blanks. You are required to select one word for each blank from a list of choices given in a word bank following the passage. Read the passage through carefully before making your choices. Each choice in the bank is identified by a letter. Please mark the corresponding letter for each item on Answer Sheet 2 with a single line through the centre. You may not use any of the words in the bank more than once.

A rat or pigeon might not be the obvious choice to tend to someone who is sick, but these creatures have some 26 skills that could help the treatment of human diseases.

Pigeons are often seen as dirty birds and an urban 27 , but they are just the latest in a long line of animals that have been found to have abilities to help humans. Despite having a brain no bigger than the 28 of your index finger, pigeons have a very impressive 29__ memory. Recently it was shown that they could be trained to be as accurate as humans at detecting breast cancer in images.

Rats are often 30 with spreading disease rather than 31 it, but this long-tailed animal is highly 32 . Inside a rat's nose are up to 1,000 different types of olfactory receptors (嗅觉感受器), whereas humans only have 100 to 200 types. This gives rats the ability to detect __33 smells. As a result, some rats are being put to work to detect TB(肺结核). When the rats detect the smell, they stop and rub their legs to 34 a sample is infected.

Traditionally, a hundred samples would take lab technicians more than two days to 35 , but for a rat it takes less than 20 minutes. This rat detection method doesn't rely on specialist equipment. It is also more accurate — the rats are able to find more TB infections and, therefore, save more lives.

A) associated I) slight

B) examine J) specify

C) indicate K) superior

D) nuisance L) suspicious

E) peak M) tip

F) preventing N) treated

G) prohibiting O) visual

H) sensitive

Section B

Directions: In this section, you are going to read a passage with ten statements attached to it. Each statement contains information given in one of the paragraphs. Identify the paragraph from which the information is derived. You may choose a paragraph more than once. Each paragraph is marked with a letter. Answer the questions by marking the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 2.

Do In-Class Exams Make Students Study Harder?

Research suggests they may study more broadly for the unexpected rather than search for answers.

[A] I have always been a poor test-taker. So it may seem rather strange that I have returned to college to finish the degree I left undone some four decades ago. I am making my way through Columbia University, surrounded by students who quickly supply the verbal answer while I am still processing the question.

[B] Since there is no way for me to avoid exams, I am currently questioning what kind are the most taxing and ultimately beneficial. I have already sweated through numerous in-class midterms and finals, and now I have a professor who issues take-home ones. I was excited when I learned this, figuring I had a full week to do the research, read the texts, and write it all up. In fact, I was still rewriting my midterm the morning it was due. To say I had lost the thread is putting it mildly.

[C] As I was suffering through my week of anxiety, overthinking the material and guessing my grasp of it, I did some of my own polling among students and professors. David Eisenbach, who teaches a popular class on U.S. presidents at Columbia, prefers the in-class variety. He believes students ultimately learn more and encourages them to form study groups. “That way they socialize over history outside the class, which wouldn’t happen without the pressure of an in-class exam,” he explained, “Furthermore, in-class exams force students to learn how to perform under pressure, and essential work skill.”

[D] He also says there is less chance of cheating with the in-class variety. In 2012, 125 students at Harvard were caught up in a scandal when it was discovered they had cheated on a take-home exam for a class entitled “Introduction To Congress.” Some colleges have what they call an “honor code,” though if you are smart enough to get into these schools, you are either smart enough to get around any codes or hopefully, too ethical to consider doing so. As I sat blocked and clueless for two solid days, I momentarily wondered if I couldn’t just call an expert on the subject matter which I was tackling, or someone who took the class previously, to get me going.

[E] Following the Harvard scandal, Mary Miller, the former dean of students at Yale, made an impassioned appeal to her school’s professors to refrain from take-hone exams. “Students risk health and well being, as well as performance in other end-of-term work, when faculty offers take-home exams without clear, time-limited boundaries,” she told me. “Research now shows that regular quizzes, short essays, and other assignments over the course of a term better enhance learning and retention.”

[F] Most college professors agree the kind of exam they choose largely depends on the subject. A quantitative-based one, for example, is unlikely to be sent home, where one could ask their older brothers and sisters to help. Vocational-type classes, such as computer science or journalism, on the other hand, are often more research-oriented and lend themselves to take-home testing. Chris Koch, who teaches “History of Broadcast Journalism” at Montgomery Community College in Rockville, Maryland, points out that reporting is about investigation rather than the memorization of minute details. “In my field, it’s not what you know—it’s what you know how to find out,” says Koch. “There is way too much information, and more coming all the time, for anyone to remember. I want my students to search out the answers to questions by using all the resources available to them.

[G] Students’ test-form preferences vary, too, often depending on the subject and course difficulty. “I prefer take-home essays because it is then really about the writing, so you have time to edit and do more research,” says Elizabeth Dresser, a junior at Barnard. Then there is the stress factor. Francesca Haass, a senior at Middlebury, says, “I find the in-class ones are more stressful in the short term, but there is immediate relief as you swallow information like mad, and then you get to forget it all. Take-homes require thoughtful engagement which can lead to longer term stress as there is never a moment when the time is up.” Meanwhile, Olivia Rubin, a sophomore at Emory, says she hardly even considers take-homes true exams. “If you understand the material and have the ability to articulate (说出) your thoughts, they should be a breeze.”

[H] How students ultimately handle stress may depend on their personal test-taking abilities. There are people who always wait until the last minute, and make it much harder than it needs to be. And then there those who, not knowing what questions are coming at them, and having no resources to refer to, can freeze. And then there are we rare folks who fit both those descriptions.

[I] Yes, my advanced age must factor into the equation (等式), in part because of my inability to access the information as quickly. As another returning student at Columbia, Kate Marber, told me, “We are learning not only all this information, but essentially how to learn again. Our fellow students have just come out of high school. A lot has changed since we were last in school.”

[J] If nothing else, the situation has given my college son and me something to share, When I asked his opinion on this matter, he responded, “I like in-class exams because the time is already reserved, as opposed to using my free time at home to work on a test,” he responded.It seems to me that a compromise would be receiving the exam questions a day or two inadvance, and then doing the actual test in class the ticking clock overhead.

[K] Better yet, how about what one Hunter College professor reportedly did recently for her final exam: She encouraged the class not to stress or even study, promising that, “It is going to be a piece of cake.” When the students came in, sharpened pencils in hand, there was not a blue book in sight. Rather, they saw a large chocolate cake and they each were given a slice.

  1. Elderly students find it hard to keep up with the rapid changes in education.

  2. Some believe take-home exams may affect students' performance in other courses.

  3. Certain professors believe in-class exams are ultimately more helpful to students.

  4. In-class exams are believed to discourage cheating in exams.

  5. The author was happy to learn she could do some exams at home.

  6. Students who put off their work until the last moment often find the exams more difficult than they actually are.

  7. Different students may prefer different types of exams.

  8. Most professors agree whether to give an in-class or a take-home exam depends on type of course being taught.

  9. The author dropped out of college some forty years ago.

  10. Some students think take-home exams will eat up their free time.

Section C

Directions: There are 2 passages in this section. Each passage is followed by some questions or unfinished statements. For each of them there are four choices marked A), B), C) and D). You should decide on the best choice and mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 2 with a single line through the centre.

Passage One

Questions 46 and 50 are based on the following passage.

That people often experience trouble sleeping in a different bed in unfamiliar surroundings is a phenomenon known as the “first-night” effect. If a person stays in the same room the following night they tend to sleep more soundly. Yuka Sasaki and her colleagues at Brown University set out to investigate the origins of this effect.

Dr. Sasaki knew the first-night effect probably has something to do with how humans evolved. The puzzle was what benefit would be gained from it when performance might be affected the following day. She also knew from previous work conducted on birds and dolphins that these animals put half of their brains to sleep at a time so that they can rest while remaining alert enough to avoid predators (捕食者). This led her to wonder if people might be doing the same thing. To take a closer look, her team studied 35 healthy people as they slept in the unfamiliar environment of the university’s Department of Psychological Sciences. The participants each slept in the department for two nights and were carefully monitored with techniques that looked at the activity of their brains. Dr. Sasaki found, as expected, the participants slept less well on their first night than they did on their second, taking more than twice as long to fall asleep and sleeping less overall. During deep sleep, the participants’ brains behaved in a similar manner seen in birds and dolphins. On the first night only, the left hemispheres (半球) of their brains did not sleep nearly as deeply as their right hemispheres did.

Curious if the left hemispheres were indeed remaining awake to process information detected in the surrounding environment, Dr. Sasaki re-ran the experiment while presenting the sleeping participants with a mix of regularly timed beeps (蜂鸣声) of the same tone and irregular beeps of a different tone during the night. She worked out that, if the left hemisphere was staying alert to keep guard in a strange environment, then it would react to the irregular beeps by stirring people from sleep and would ignore the regularly timed ones. This is precisely what she found.

  1. What did researchers find puzzling about the first-night effect?

A) To what extent it can trouble people. C) What circumstances may trigger it.

B) What role it has played in evolution. D) In what way it can be beneficial.

  1. What do we learn about Dr. Yuka Sasaki doing her research?

A) She found birds and dolphins remain alert while asleep.

B) She found birds and dolphins sleep in much the same way.

C) She got some idea from previous studies on birds and dolphins

D) She conducted studies on birds’ and dolphins’ sleeping patterns.

  1. What did Dr. Sasaki do when she first did her experiment?

A) She monitored the brain activity of participants sleeping in a new environment.

B) She recruited 35 participants from her Department of Psychological Sciences.

C) She studied the differences between the two sides of participants’ brains.

D) She tested her findings about birds and dolphins on human subjects.

  1. What did Dr. Sasaki do when re-running her experiment?

A) She analyzed the negative effect of irregular tones on brains.

B) She recorded participants’ adaptation to changed environment.

C) She exposed her participants to two different stimuli.

D) She compared the responses of different participants.

  1. What did Dr. Sasaki find about the participants in her experiment?

A) They tended to enjoy certain tones more than others.

B) They tended to perceive irregular beeps as a threat.

C) They felt sleepy when exposed to regular beeps.

D) They differed in their tolerance of irregular tones.

Passage Two

Questions 51 to 55 are based on the following passage.

It’s time to reevaluate how women handle conflict at work. Being overworked or over-committed at home and on the job will not get you where you want to be in life. It will only slow you down and hinder your career goals.

Did you know women are more likely than men to feel exhausted? Nearly twice as many women than men ages 18-44 reported feeling “very tired” or “exhausted”, according to a recent study.

This may not be surprising given that this is the age range when women have children. It's also the age range when many women are trying to balance careers and home. One reason women may feel exhausted is that they have a hard time saying "no." Women want to be able todo it all volunteer for school parties or cook delicious meals-and so their answer to any request is often “Yes, I can.”

Women struggle to say “no” in the workplace for similar reasons, including the desire to be liked by their colleagues. Unfortunately, this inability to say "no" may be hurting women's heath as well as their career.

At the workplace, men use conflict as a way to position themselves, while women often avoid conflict or strive to be the peacemaker, because they don't want to be viewed as aggressive or disruptive at work. For example, there’s a problem that needs to be addressed immediately, resulting in a dispute over should be the one to fix it. Men are more likely to face that dispute from the perspective of what benefits them most, whereas women may approach the same dispute from the perspective of what's the easiest and quickest way to resolve the problem-even if that means doing the boring work themselves.

This difference in handling conflict could be the deciding factor on who gets promoted to a leadership position and who does not. Leaders have to be able to delegate and manage resources wisely – including staff expertise. Shouldering more of the workload may not earn you that promotion. Instead, it may highlight your inability to delegate effectively.

  1. What does the author say is the problem with women?

A) They are often unclear about the career goals to reach.

B) They are usually more committed at home than on the job.

C) They tend to be over-optimistic about how far they could go.

D) They tend to push themselves beyond the limits of their ability.

  1. Why do working women of child-bearing age tend to feel drained of energy?

A) They struggle to satisfy the demands of both work and home.

B) They are too devoted to work and unable to relax as a result.

C) They do their best to cooperate with their workmates.

D) They are obliged to take up too many responsibilities.

  1. What may hinder the future prospects of career women?

A) Their unwillingness to say “no”.

B) Their desire to be considered powerful.

C) An underestimate of their own ability.

D) A lack of courage to face challenges.

  1. Men and woman differ in their approach to resolving workplace conflicts in that______.

A) women tend to be easily satisfied

B) men are generally more persuasive

C) men tend to put their personal interests first

D) women are much more ready to compromise

  1. What is important to a good leader?

A) A dominant personality. B) The courage to admit failure

C) The ability to delegate. D) A strong sense of responsibility.

Part Ⅳ Translation (30 minutes)

Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to translate a passage from Chinese into English. You should write your answer on Answer Sheet 2.

华山位于华阴市,据西安120公里。华山是秦岭的一部分,秦岭不仅分割陕南与陕北,也分隔华南与华北。与从前人们常去朝拜的泰山不同,华山过去很少有人光临,因为上山的道路极其危险。然而,希望长寿大人却经常上山,因为山上生长着许多草药,特别是一些稀有的草药。自上世纪90年代安装缆车以来,参观人数大大增加。

必威 2

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