和讯引导[微博] 讯 2012年二月10日全国大学加泰罗尼亚语六级考试已了结，此番考试为多题多卷，乐乎外语第不平日间收罗收拾叁分化版本试题，供考生参谋，以下是二零一二年10月英语六级阅读点评(新东方)：
2012年七月学院斯洛伐克共和国（The Slovak Republic卡塔 尔（英语：State of Qatar）语六级考试已竣事，这一次考试为多题多卷，天涯论坛教育[微博]频道第有时间采撷收拾不一致版本试题，供考生仿照效法，以下为2011年七月六级阅读精晓真题(文都版)。
56、A依照多个有规律的选项音信可判别这是不定式问指标的标题。先找到定位点，再在定位点相近找包涵消息的不定式。依据题干消息，画出定位词“computers, smartphones and other devices”能够高速定位到文章首段首句——“Hospitals, hoping to curb medical error, have invested heavily to put computers, smartphones and other devices into the hands of medical staff…”。个中“invested…into the hands of medical staff”就是题干“equip their staff with。。”所同义改写的一些。定位句中的插入语部分“hoping to curb medical error”即要找的不定式，相比较原来的书文和甄选，“curb”是遏制的意思，选项中的“reduce”是对它的等同改写，最终选A——to reduce medical error。
简答题之Highly proficient musicianship
57、C 例证题。按题干定位词“distracted doctoring”定位在第三段。而distracted doctoring所描述的是第三段首句的“this phenomenon”，讲的是第二段中所例证的phenomenon，所以答案往上生机勃勃段找。第二段首句举例表明了随之而来的“side effect”——“doctors and nurses can be focused on the screen and not the patient”、“admitted texting during a procedure”，可知笔者通过说“distracted doctoring”是想评释devices的“side effect”，即C选项。
Directions: There are 2 passages in this section. Each passage is followed by some questions or unfinished statements. For each of them there are four choices marked A)， B)， C) and D). You should decide on the best choice and mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 2 with a single line through the centre。
58 、B 依据题干消息“Dr. PeterPapadakos”定位在篇章第四段和第五段，个中都带有了DPP这厮所说的话。第四段谈到把devices带到医院“to do medical records”，同期也足以上网、看照片墙，何况那些会愈加的“tempting”；第五段说道自身的“fut feeling”即“worry”是“lives are in danger”。总计两段的公布，devices对先生的诱惑以至病者生命危急，就可以选出B选项——Doctors’ interaction with their devices may endanger patients’ lives。
那篇随笔的难处在于对基础词汇量的考核，例如最终后生可畏题你要不认知文中的crack the whip，你明显不可能定点到出题的任务，举个例子第三题你要分不清be subjected to 和besubject to的区分，你就有超高的票房价值被坑爹。亲们，背单词那件事儿，作者就帮不了你们了。记得进入@任强Aaron创立的【早起追梦团】，好好背单词吧。Wechat搜索：wdvocabulary
Questions 61-65 are based on the following passage。
59、C 因果题。依据题干新闻问的是“why”——原因，由此要规定找到定位点周边的因果词，决断孰因孰果选出答案。根据题干“increasing pressure”定位在文章第七段最终黄金年代行最后一句，依据金三句原则——定位句小编以致前句和后句，找到第八段首句“The pressure stems from”——“这种压力源自…”即答案在此个后边。可选出答案为在遵照定位词oil trade以致各类原则定位到文章最终黄金年代段。依据小说核心和前文内容，或许是依靠定位段音信可见“United States imports a great of energy”，让财富输出国有利益可谋求，而同时“At the same time”，美利坚联邦合众国自个儿也可能有自家收益——“we derive massive economic benefits…when we engage in energy trade around the world。”，答案选A——“It proves profitable to both sides”。
Some of the world’s most significant problems never hit headlines.One example comes from agriculture. Food riots and hunger make news. But the trend lying behind these matters is rarely talked about. This is the decline in the growth in yields of some of the world’s major crops.A new study by the University of Minnesota and McGill University in Montreal looks at where, and how far, this decline is occurring。
Questions 52 to 56 are based pm the following passage。
60、B 依照题干消息PeterCarmel以至各种原则定位到结尾风度翩翩段，而对“doctors”的“advice”应该在最终末句的后半局地“but he added that doctors’ first priority should be with the patient”，即对先生的提出摆在第四位的明确是“patient”，两个筛选中跟patient相关的唯有选项B，其余均未提起。
47. motivation andpractice
The authors take a vast number of data points for the four most important crops: rice, wheat corn and soybeans(大豆). They find that on between 24% and 39% of all harvested areas, the improvement in yields that tood place before the 1980s slowed down in the 1990s and 2000s。
In 2011, many shoppers chose to avoid the frantic crowds and do their holiday shopping from the comfort of their computer. Sales at online retailers gained by more than 15%， making it the biggest season ever. But people are also returning those purchases at record rates, up 8% from last year。
48. leisure time
There are two worrying features of the slowdown. One is that it has been particularly sharp in the world’s most populous(人口多的) countries, 印度 and China. Their ability to feed themselves has been an important source of relative stability both within the countries and on world food markets. That self-sufficiency cannot be taken for granted if yields continue to slow down or reverse。
What went wrong? Is the lingering shadow of the global financial crisis making it harder to accept extravagant indulgences? Or that people shop more impulsively—and therefore make bad decisions—when online? Both arguments are plausible. However, there is a third factor: a question of touch. We can love the look but, in an online environment, we cannot feel the quality of a texture, the shape of the fit, the fall of a fold or, for that matter, the weight of an earring. And physically interacting with an object makes you more committed to your purchase。
49. musicians anddancers
Second, yield growth has been lower in wheat and rice than in corn and soyabeans. This is problematic because wheat and rice are more important as foods, accounting for around half of all calories consumed. Corn and soyabeans are more important as feed grains. The authors note that “we have preferentially focused our crop improvement efforts on feeding animals and cars rather than on crops that feed people and are the basis of food security in much of the world。”
When my most recent book Brandwashed was released, I teamed up with a local bookstore to conduct an experiment about the difference between the online and offline shopping experience. I carefully instructed a group of volunteers to promote my book in two different ways. The first was a fairly hands-off approach. Whenever a customer would inquire about my book, the volunteer would take them over to the shelf and point to it. Out of 20 such requests, six customers proceeded with the purchase。
What does the author think the leaders he knows?
50. treated as special(原文是treating as special)
The report qualifies the more optimistic findings of another new paper which suggests that the world will not have to dig up a lot more land for farming in order to feed 9 billion people in 2050, as the Food and Agriculture Organisation has argued。
The second option also involved going over to the shelf but, this time, removing the book and them subtly holding onto it for just an extra moment before placing it in the customer’s hands. Of the 20 people who were handed the book, 13 ended up buying it. Just physically passing the book showed a big difference in sales. Why? We feel something similar to a sense of ownership when we hold things in our hand. That’s why we establish or reestablish connection by greeting strangers and friends with a handshake. In this case, having to then let go of the book after holding it might generate a subtle sense of loss, and motivate us to make the purchase even more。
A.Many of them are used to taking charge。(他们中的超级多个人习于旧贯于掌握控制)
51. the key factor
Instead, it says, thanks to slowing population growth, land currently ploughted up for crops might be able to revert(回返)to forest or wilderness. This could happen. The trouble is that the forecast assumes continued improvements in yields, which may not actually happen。
A recent study also revealed the power of touch, in this case when it came to conventional mail. A deeper and longer-lasting impression of a message was formed when delivered in a letter, as opposed to receiving the same message online. Brain imaging showed that, on touching the paper, the emotional center of the brain was activated, thus forming a stronger bond. The study also indicated that once touch becomes part of the process, it could translate into a sense of possession。
B.Few of them are equal to their positions。(他们中很罕有人配得上温馨的任务)
This sense of ownership is simply not part of the equation in the online shopping experience。
C.Many of them fail to fully develop their potential。(他们中的很四个人绝非完全开辟本人的潜质)
61.What does the author try to draw attention to?
D.Few of them are familiar with leadership literature。(他们中少之又少有人熟稔领导手册) 标题问笔者是何等对待他所认知的高管的。通过逐风华正茂原则和固定词the leaders he knows能够找到小说第二段的首先句，I see way fewer truly effective leaders than I see people stuck in positions of leadership who are sadly incompetent and seriously misguided about their own abilities。注意那句话里的way并非我们所熟识的名词含义“方法”，而是二个水准副词，近似于“相本地”。这句话的大约意思正是“相比于那么些的确高效的领导职员，小编看齐更加的多的是高居领导者的任务却却接连被本身的平庸给蒙蔽的人”。B选项即为那句话的大器晚成律改写。
A)Food riots and hunger in the world. C)The decline of the grain yield growth。
52. Why do people prefer shopping online according to the author?
52. Why dopeople prefer shopping online according to the author?
B)News headlines in the leading media. D)The food supply in populous countries。
A) It is more comfortable and convenient。
Why are some people eager to grab leadership positions?
It is morecomfortable and convenient。
必威， 62.Why does the author mention India and China in particular?
B) It saves them a lot of money and time。
A.They believe they have the natural gift to lead。(他们认为本身有天资的领导职员才具)
53. Why domore customers return their purchases bought online?
A)Their self-sufficiency is vital to the stability of world food markets。
C) It offers them a lot more options and bargains。
B.They believe in what leadership literature says。(他们相信领导手册说的东西)
They had nochance to touch them when shopping online. (笔者真的讲了两个原因，但是你们看看逻辑关系标记词However木有！！！)
B)Their food yields have begun to decrease sharply in recent years。
D) It gives them more time to think about their purchase。
C.They have proved competent in many situations。(他们在好些个情况下都被注脚是无能的)
54. What isthe purpose of author’s experiment?
C)Their big populations are causing worldwide concerns。
53. Why do more customers return their purchases bought online?
D.They derive great satisfaction from being leaders。(他们在做首长时体会到最佳的可惜) 标题问何故许三人三回九转热衷于领导职位。那道题是因果细节题，常规的化解方法是通过题干路标词定位，再在定点句相近搜寻因果逻辑词锁定答案。通过grab leadership position定位到第四段第二句Whether it’s a decision-making session, a basketball game, a family outing, they can’t help grabbing the lead dog position and cling to it for dear life. 那句话意思简单精晓，说的便是过多人领导欲很强不管是在什么样场所之下。以往一句话一贯道破了他们那样做的由来。They believe they are natural born leaders. A选项同义改写，为正式大选。
To test hishypothesis about online shopping. (那一个主题素材纠缠吗？要读书长长的三个自然段手艺做出贰个题？有木有看到尾数第二段的Why? 因果关系有圈吗？)
D)Their food self-sufficiency has been taken for granted。
A) They regretted indulging in costly items in the recession。
55. How mightpeople feel after letting go of something they held?
63.What does the new study by the two universities say about recent crop improvement efforts?
B) They changed their mind by the time the goods were delivered。
What characterizes a great leader according to the author?
More motivatedto own it。
A)They fail to produce the same remarkable results as before the 1980s。
C) They had no chance to touch them when shopping online。
A.Being able to take prompt action when chances present themselves。(当时机本身现身时能做出及时的反响)
56. What doestrain imaging in a recent study reveal?
B)They contribute a lot to the improvement of human food production。
D) They later found the quality of goods below their expectations。
B.Having a whole-hearted dedication to their divine responsibilities。(全力以赴地孝敬给他俩圣洁的权利)
Physical touchhelps form a sense of possession. (The studyalso indicated that 找到木有？并列关系 下定论的地点必得考啊)
C)They play a major role in guaranteeing the food security of the world。
54. What is the purpose of author’s experiment?
C.Having a full understanding of their own merits and weaknesses。(对友好的长处和破绽有深入的掌握)
深度阅读四选一之theexaggerated claims in the media about global warming
D)They focus more on the increase of animal feed than human food grains。
A) To test his hypothesis about online shopping。
D.Being able to assess the situation carefully before taking charge。(能在掌握控制在此以前留心评估时局)
64.What does the Food and Agriculture Organisation say about world food production in the coming decades?
B) To find out people’s reaction to his recent book。
题目问依据小编，什么最能够用来描写二个得逞的企管者。通过great leaders直接固定到小说第五段第四句。A great leader will assess each situation on its merits, and will only take charge when their position, the situation, and/or the needs of the moment demand it。这句话很明朗便是小编对于成功领导者的叙说，所以答案鲜明，贰个得逞的领导知道审时度势，再决定是或不是相应掌握控制一切。所以D为正式公投。
A)The growing population will greatly increase the pressure on world food supplies。
C) To find ways to increase the sale of his new book。
57. In whatway do the media benefit from extreme weather?
B)The optimistic prediction about food production should be viewed with caution。
D) To try different approaches to sales promotion。
How will many business executives respond when their command fails to generate action? A.They reassess the situation at hand。(他们会重复推测立即的地貌)
They can attractpeople’s attention to their reports. (one ofthe most比较)
C)The slowdown of the growth in yields of major food crops will be reversed。
55. How might people feel after letting go of something they held?
B.They become impatient and rude。(他们变的躁动和冷酷)
58. What isthe author’s comment on Krugman’s claim about the current drought in America’sMidwest?
D)The world will be able to feed its population without increasing farmland。
A) A sense of disappointment C) A subtle loss of interest
C.They resort to any tool available。(他们会使用任何可用的工具)
There is no wayto prove its validity. (But、Moreover转折、递进)
65.How does the author view the argument of the Food and Agriculture Organisation?
B) More motivated to own it. D) Less sensitive to its texture。
D.They blame their team members。(他们会冤仇自身的团组织成员)
59. What isthe chief reason for the rise in corn prices according to the author?
A)It is built on the findings of a new study。
56. What does train imaging in a recent study reveal?
标题问当命令未有完结到行动时，比很多种经营营是哪些影响的。通过many business executives 定位到第六段率先句话，Many business executives confuse leadership with action. 那句话并从未直接反映答案，所以大家得以方便地未来读。第三句话写到Faced with any situation can’t be solved by the sheer force of activity, they generate a dust cloud of impatience。意思是“当遇到无可奈何全凭行动来减轻的主题素材时，他们就能够变得特别不意志”。那句话基本对应了B选项的impatient，不过还相当不够。再以后一句话，Their one leadership tool is volume: if they think you are not working as hard as they think you should, their demands become increasingly louder and harsher. “声音是他们的领导职员工具之风姿罗曼蒂克，假设他们以为你未曾像他们愿意的那么拼命干活，他们的一声令下就能够变得越来越大声和逆耳”。这一句话对应的是B里的rude。所以B为正式公投。
Considerableportion of corn is used to produce green fuel. (Finally递进)
B)It is based on a doubtful assumption。
A) Conventional letters contain subtle messages。
60. Whatdoes the author say about global wildfire incidence over the past 70 years?
C)It is backed by strong evidence。
B) A lack of touch is the chief obstacle to e-commerce。
What is the author’s advice to leaders?
It has droppedgreatly. (In fact下结论)
D)It is open to further discussion。
C) Email lacks the potential to activate the brain。
A.Concentrate on one specific task at a time。(同时只注意于三个一定的任务)
61. Whatdoes the author think of the exaggerated claims in the media about globalwarming?
参考答案： 61-65 CADDB
D) Physical touch helps form a sense of possession。
B.Use different tools to achieve different goals。(用差别的工具来贯彻差别的指标)
They do adisservice to addressing the problem。(because因果)
C.Build up s strong team to achieve their goals。(创设二个强有力的团协会来兑现他们的对象)
D.Show determination when faced with tough tasks。(面前遇到辛劳的职责时展现出显明的决意) 标题问笔者对于官员的建议是何许。做完前边四道题还应该有最终两段话未有用于固定，所以完全能够把两段话都连忙读叁回。本题的答案出自最终一句话。A true leader is someone who develops his or her team so that they can and do hit their targets and achieve their goals. C选项正是整句话的豆蔻年华致改写，为正选。ABD均为伪造。