更多考博英语资料点击进入天猫,  medical re

2019-10-01 14:24栏目:外语留学
TAG: 必威

  老年人常有被以为是最安全的车手群众体育。他们经常不会在交通高峰时刻上路,发惹事故的机率也比年轻司机小比比较多。然而更多的老年驾乘员在大不列颠及苏格兰联合王国被注销驾驶证件本了,原因是怎么啊?请听 Judith Moritz 的报道:

They include taking half of the city's four million private cars off the roads on days when there are serious levels of pollution.


只怕察觉那篇作品的逻辑导图有一些难整(大概对本身的话都很难整),后来看了安妮的导图感到真心比可是他的修为啊。之后又花了挺久做修改(以往也该像鲸鱼同学同样把before和after都发出去)。感觉难题在于纵然小说将数字医治价值链粗略分为三类公司,但稍事角色会具备两类集团的分子,比方医院既是traditional innovator又是incumbent player,所以数字医疗带来的震慑是双方面包车型大巴,其一是加强了医院的效能,其二则是减弱了伤者的就诊率。但本人感到数字医疗料定是弊大于利的。有人恐怕感觉量化生活让当代人过得太烦琐,为什么须要对团结询问得那么多啊,在此以前并未有智能手环、体脂仪、心率计,不也过得好好么。但本文也提示了我们这么的成形给我们如常和看病带来了多么深刻的震慑,医疗糖尿病前期的最棒点子便是让大家不患上高血糖~~

China is no stranger to hospital brawls(争吵).

  Glossary 词汇表 


Words and Phrases


原先一孔之见感到是“远程给药”,实际应该翻译为“远程诊疗”。因为medicine本人除了药品之外,就有医疗的野趣:Medicine is the treatment of illness and injuries by doctors and nurses.

Thanks to IT, patients can now have telemedicine at home.


You use predictive to describe something such as a test, science, or theory that is concerned with determining what will happen in the future. (FORMAL)


Input methods use predictive texting to show the words you are likely to type.

a host of

■a large number of something    许多,大量

There's a whole host of reasons why he didn't get the job.   有一大堆理由能够解释他为甚么没有到手那份职业。

I always have a host of things to complain about.

cardiac arrest

Cardiac means relating to the heart. (MEDICAL)

cardiac arrest is a heart attack. (MEDICAL)

The prisoner's death was attributed to a cardiac arrest.

cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR)

A method used to keep someone alive in a medical emergency, in which you blow into their mouth then press on their chest and then repeat the process    心肺恢复

to administer/perform CP福睿斯   执行心肺苏醒

cardiopulmonary 与心肺有关的 from cardio-(pertaining to the heart) pulmonary(of the lungs)

If you resuscitate someone who has stopped breathing, you cause them to start breathing again.

We should brush up on cardiopulmonary resuscitation every year.

help doctors with grubby hands to take notes and to request scans

grubby person or object is rather dirty.

If you call an activity or someone's behaviour grubby, you mean that it is not completely honest or respectable.

自己的敞亮是援救有grubby hands的医生来做笔记和供给做扫描,就是说grubby hands是摹写医师的。脑补一下,举个例子医务人士做手术腾不动手做笔记,可以必要亚历克斯a做速记。但为啥说脏手呢。

one manifestation of a drive to disrupt an industry that has so far largely failed to deliver on the potential of digital information

If you say that something is manifest, you mean that it is clearly true and that nobody would disagree with it if they saw it or considered it. (FORMAL) =patent

If you manifest a particular quality, feeling, or illness, or if it manifests itself, it becomes visible or obvious. (FORMAL) =show

manifestation of something is one of the different ways in which it can appear. (FORMAL)

Shared bike is a manifestation of sharing economy.

drive is a special effort made by a group of people for a particular purpose. =campaign

The ANC is about to launch a nationwide recruitment drive...

A long walk for an egg is a drive to raise money for children in the rural area.

deliver DO STH YOU SHOULD DO 做应该做的事, [I,T] to do or provide the things you are expected to, because you are responsible for them or they are part of your job  推行职分(承诺); 兑现: 

The company will deliver on its promises. 该铺面将落到实处承诺。

As a party member, you should deliver on your vow.

gather pace

( = happen more quickly ) 加火速度

Enemy's penetration is gathering pace.

Eliminating a fraction of this sum

fraction 分数(几分之几)

fraction of something is a tiny amount or proportion of it.

I opened my eyes just a fraction.

Could you just stop playing games for a fraction of second and grab something to eat?

sift data on outcomes for patients

(EXAMINE)/sɪft/ verb[T] to make a close examination of all the parts of something in order to find something or to separate what is useful from what is not

Big data is not equivalenc to tremendous amount of raw data, which must be sifted.

Fitbits are frequently derided for ending up in the back of a drawer

If you deride someone or something, you say that they are stupid or have no value. (FORMAL)

Today, warm-hearted people are derided as fools.

The startup is a good hedge for Sanofi...

Something that is a hedge against something unpleasant will protect you from its effects.

Insurance is a good hedge for injuries in your tour.

blockbuster insulin medication

blockbuster is a film or book that is very popular and successful, usually because it is very exciting. (INFORMAL)

Wolverine 3 is a recent blockbuster.

insulin 胰岛素

Diabetics are dependent on insulin.

that are most lucrative in commercial system

lucrative activity, job, or business deal is very profitable.

Internet business is very lucrative nowadays.

inpatient stays in hospitals

inpatient /ˈɪn.peɪ.ʃənt/ noun[C] a person who goes into hospital to receive medical care, and stays there one or more nights while they are being treated 住院病人 also an adjective.

More and more illnesses don't need to take inpatient treatment.

outpatient /ˈaʊt.peɪ.ʃənt/ noun[C] a person who goes to a hospital for treatment, but who does not stay any nights there

The week-long smog has caused the surge of respiratory outpatients.

demand for mammograms

mammogram is a test used to check whether women have breast cancer, using x-rays.

from mammo-(from Latin mamma"breast") -gram(from Greekgramma"that which is drawn; a picture, a drawing; that which is written, a character, an alphabet letter, written letter, piece of writing;")

spells in hospital

(PERIOD)/spel/ noun[C] a period of time for which an activity or condition lasts continuously

Students are required to join a two-week spell of military training.

carried around by doctors and nurses

carry around字面意思就是带着四处跑,相当于随身带领

Computers are now small enough to carry around.

detect concussions

If you suffer concussion after a blow to your head, you lose consciousness or feel sick or confused. 脑震荡

... for use as a contraceptive

contraceptive is a device or drug that prevents a woman from becoming pregnant. 也可作形容词。

predict the onset of Alzheimer's /'æltshaɪmərz/, Parkinson's or even the menopause /m'enəpɔːz/

The onset of something is the beginning of it, used especially to refer to something unpleasant. = start

The conflict was the onset of a war of eight years.

The menopause is the time during which a woman gradually stops menstruating, usually when she is about fifty years old.

regulations on health data are less onerous

If you describe a task as onerous, you dislike having to do it because you find it difficult or unpleasant. (FORMAL)

Looking after a baby is onerous, let alone twins.

A GP is a doctor who does not specialize in any particular area of medicine, but who has a medical practice in which he or she treats all types of illness. GP is an abbreviation for `general practitioner'. 全科医务人士 Doctors are sometimes referred to as practitioners or medical practitioners. (FORMAL)

cavalier with their users' data

(WITHOUT CARE)/ˌkæv.əlˈɪəʳ/US/-ˈɪr/ adjective DISAPPROVING thoughtless and not caring about other people's feelings or safety

He treated me in a cavalier manner.

In most western countries, medicine is a profession that guarantees prestige, high salaries—and the approval of parents who love to brag about “my child the doctor”. But in China, the reverse is increasingly true: doctors are ill-paid, overworked and maligned or –while many parents would prefer that they became bankers instead. Even Chinese doctors overwhelmingly prefer their children not to follow them into the profession.

  The DVLA (Driver and Vehicle Licensing Agency) says it is not clear why there has been such a surge in the number of older drivers losing their licence on health grounds。


Mind map

图片 1

Violence against medical staff has made headlines in recent years, underscoring strained doctor-patients in China.


The new system will give out four different degrees of air pollution warning - blue, yellow, amber and red, Xinhua news agency reports.

Even worse, the attacks have already been shown to severely dampen the morale of doctors.


The measure is activated when levels of harmful nitrogen dioxide in the atmosphere go above 200 microgrammes per cubic metre in at least two measuring stations for two days running, and if the air is unlikely to clear imminently.

Medical conflicts and disputes erupted in the county hospitals every month. Rising numbers of health professionals have experienced verbal or physical violence from patients.


The system will be based on a vehicle's licence plate - odd numbers will be allowed on the roads one day, even numbers the next.

As China’s health sector has become increasingly commercialized, conflicts between patients and doctors have been escalating, sometimes even erupting in violence against health professionals.


Four of world's biggest cities to ban diesel cars from their centres

图片 2


Madrid has ordered half of most private cars off the roads on Thursday to tackle worsening air pollution, a first in Spain.


  实习编辑:王雨欣 主要编辑:赵润琰



  Motorists over 70 are considered to be amongst the safest on the road。 Many avoid rush-hour and late-night driving and are said to cause fewer accident-related injuries than younger drivers。

Read more

Enough awareness must be attached to the severity and complexity of medical dispute in China.

  on health grounds基于健康理由

Motor vehicles are considered a major source of pollution.

Medical professionals across China are increasingly becoming victims of physical violence at the hands of disgruntled patients.


“It’s not about traffic restrictions but about the important issue of public health,” deputy mayor Marta Higueras said. “Lots of people suffer from breathing problems and are very affected by pollution.”

The safety improvements did raise their sense of safety but does not tackle the fundamental problems that cause strained relationships between doctors and patients.再次回到微博,查看越多


Cars drive on a motorway towards Madrid, Spain December 28, 2016

Violence against doctors in China has become a familiar occurrence.


China's capital, Beijing, has announced measures to combat worsening air pollution, state-run media report.

The government needs to invest more funds to improve the healthcare sector, especially because it is still very difficult for poor people to get proper medical care. The lack of medical facilities for the lower-income group has led to many conflicts for which doctors have been blamed.

  But more of them than ever are being stopped from driving for medical reasons。 In 2011 just over 10,000 over-70s were banned because of their health。 By last year, that figure had risen by a third to nearly 13,000 drivers。

There are exceptions to the ban, such as for mopeds, hybrid cars, those carrying three people or more or used by disabled people. Buses, taxis and emergency vehicles are also exempt.

The root cause of these tragedies may correlated with the surprisingly low opinion many Chinese have of doctors—considered among the most prestigious and respectable professions in Western societies.




图片 3

The restrictions will operate between 6.30am and 9pm. The city council said in a statement: “vehicles with even-number registration plates will be allowed to drive around on even-number days and cars with odd-number registration plates on odd-number days”.

What could have caused such a tragedy to occur? The relatively high cost of treatment in a country where the average monthly salary is less than $600 may be one factor.


On Thursday, city environment councillor Ines Sabanes said the ban would not be extended as smog levels had dropped by the required amount. Other measures, including a ban on street parking for non-residents and reduced speed limits, will continue.

There is a severe shortage of medical resources in China.

  medical reasons由于医治原因

Social conflict, loss of trust, and unbalanced demand and supply of medical resources underlie the rise in violence.


Doctors are often blamed if a patient fails to recover or dies—even if the ailment is terminal and no malpractice has occurred.


Chinese state media has condemned each of the attacks, with the Ministry of Public Security requiring hospitals with more than 2,000 patients to have at least 100 security guards present. But economic and legal issues still persist—including the for-profit nature of many hospitals and the lack of a clear route for patients to file malpractice claims.


Many of the reported attacks on Chinese medical practitioners have been by patients or their family members who were dissatisfied with the care they received.

A spate of attacks on doctors and nurses in the past two years has prompted the health ministry to provide better security at hospitals.

In recent years, some patients have resorted to violent attacks when they are not satisfied with the medical services received.

Doctors are obviously a disadvantaged group in society," says an orthopedist at a prestigious Beijing hospital who speaks on condition of anonymity. "We have spent so much of our youth on a medical degree that yields so little economic reward. And in the end, we become like a public enemy.

The increased violence has drawn widespread attention from the public, who have called for more effective solutions.

Historical precedent, culture and economics all factor into creating the reality that is today’s doctor-patient relationship.


Violence may stem from patient dissatisfaction with care, costs associated with insurance premiums, unrealistic expectations, and overworked and underpaid hospital staff, as well as the rising cost of health care due to the government's inability to subsidize hospital operations. Lack of a third-party formal dispute resolution system in many hospitals has been suggested as a factor, and the acceptance of bribes or good-faith money in the form of red packets has been implicated. Media coverage, and a lack of health literacy amongst the Chinese population, who may often seek unnecessary high-level care, have also been implicated.

The Chinese police will crack down on hospital-related crimes and show zero tolerance to perpetrators who assault and injure medical personnel.

The government is currently working on reforming the medical industry, including breaking the tie between the doctor’s income and the hospital’s profitability. The hope is that this action will go far toward improving doctor-patient trust.

In recent years, disputes between doctors and patients in China have been increasingly common, resulting in frequent bouts of "verbal violence", physical altercates and even severe injuries and death in the most extreme cases.

In some cases, doctors charged with saving lives are having their own cut short—murdered in cold blood over financial concerns, unhappiness with the quality of treatment, or the unfortunate death of a loved one who was under their care.

Medical conflicts and disputes erupted in the county hospitals every month. Rising numbers of health professionals have experienced verbal or physical violence from patients.

Violence against doctors has been cited as one reason for a decrease in the popularity of medicine as a profession.

Violence against doctors and other medical practitioners in China has been reported as an increasing problem.



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