Conversation 2 转校生
values and the way they can change. Possessions that give people status. Do you think it is a healthy way of thinking?
W： Good morning Mr。 Lee。 May I have a minute of ur time。
General attitude of young people towards old people in China. Do u think there's an advantage of being old?
What is the student's attitude about speaking in front of other students?
M： Sure Catherine。 What can I do for u。
What is the most respectful job in ur country? Why?
I suppose that university professor is the most respectful job in my country. Because in general, the requirements for this position include a postdoc degree, or at least a doctor. And then overseas research experience. These two requirements are very hard to achieve. And on the other side, since professors are highly educated, their opinions are usually persuasive. And most of them don't misbehave. They think of the country and people, not only themselves. That's how they've gained fame and prestige.
What to expect of a creative writing degree?
A. He thinks it will be fun.
W： I‘m quite anxious about transferring over to ur college。 I’m afraid I won‘t fit in。
Did u ever do part-time job?
Yes, I've been a model for some journals, activities, phone companies since I was graduated from high school. It cannot be my career because my height limits the activities I can attend to a small range, even though I love this kind of jobs very much.
If you’ve recently applied to study creative writing at university, or if you’re already a creative writing student, this book aims to help you maximize the benefits of your degree course both by demonstrating how creative writing “works” within the higher education context and how to take the skills you gain, from editing and pre-writing to the wider “life-lessons” outlined below, on into life after university. After reading this book we trust that you will also be clearer as to why the things you’ll cover again and again on your degree course, such as redrafting, are so important.
B. He views it as a useful opportunity.
M： Don‘t worry Catherine。 It’s completely normal for u to be nervous about transferring schools。 This happens to many transfer students。
Should students be allowed to do part-time jobs?
Yes, definitely. If u r doomed to do something, u should do it as early as possible. Especially in China, young people study in school not for themselves, but for their parents and for the common value of the society. They should have some independent thoughts, and doing a part-time job could help them to find who they really are and what they really want to do.
The topics covered here are the ones that students either struggle with the most or ask the most questions about or the ones that experience has told the book’s contributors are the areas students most need to work on or learn more about. However, there are several chapters, including Shawn Shiflett’s on how reading improves creative writing skills, that offer an angle on certain aspects of studying creative writing which you may not have encountered before, as well as others, such as Nabila Jameel’s on performing your work, that cover topics rarely touched on in most existing books on studying creative writing.
C. He feels nervous about it.
W： Yes I know， but I‘m unger than most of the students in my year。 And that worries me a lot。
Is it necessary to hold music courses at high schools?
For high school, I don't think it's necessary to keep a music course as a compulsory course. On one hand, students are busy studying, concentrating on improving academic records. After all, they need to attend the university entry examination eventually. On the other hand, the purpose of holding such a course is to help develop hobbies and to help form positive personalities for young kids. When they get into high school, they are almost adults. If they have already developed such an interest, they can chose to take the music course as an optional one.
The book is loosely chronological. It starts with Ally Chisholm’s perspective on the skills you’ll need to study creative writing and ends with Sally O’Reilly’s on life after graduation. In between, the contributors offer their suggestions as to how to approach the various elements that are common to most creative writing degree courses (assessment, the writing workshop and critical reflections). Other chapters, such as Spencer Jordan’s guide to effective editing and Lorna Fergusson’s on how to use pre-writing to develop work, have a more universal applicability to writers whether at university or not. We want this to be a book you use regularly not just one that sits unused on your bookshelf or computer.
D. He prefers it to writing papers.
M： Well u may be the only unger one in ur year but u know， we have a lot of after-school activities u can join in。 And so， this way u‘ll be able to meet new friends of different age groups。
What effects there will be if we let children or students learn an instrument?
refer to the piano one
- build up positive personalities: confidence/ a gentle characteristic
- develop a sense of rhythm
- feel and think, love the world, love my life
Why study creative writing in a time of uncertainty?
- The student talks about a species of fungus. What fact about the fungus interests him ?
W： That‘s nice。 I love games and hobby groups。
Compare modern music with traditional music
On one hand, modern music has faster and stronger tempo. Like R and B, rhythm and blues, it is faster tempo than blues, but still keeps the good tunes and melody of blues. On the other hand, traditional music focus more on the tunes than the lyrics. Even some of them don't have lyrics at all. When u close ur eyes, u can only feel and imagine how upset, rigorous, peaceful, or joyful the composer was. But now, take "where is the love" as an example. It a song of Black Eyed Peas. Its lyrics is very thought-provoking and enlightening. So I think modern music is more explicit. Every modern song expresses a topic.
After a period of major expansion during which increasing numbers of “hands-on” subjects, from dance to photography, and ceramics to creative writing, became part of the university syllabus, there are signs that the higher education sector in many countries is set to contract. In an age of uncertainty, why study creative writing of all subjects?
A. It acts as a food source for other fungi.
M： I‘m sure u do。 So u’ll be just fine。 Don‘t worry so much and try to make the most of what we have on offer here。 Also， remember that u can come to me anytime of the day if u need help。
What family activities are popular in ur city?
Beijing is a famous historical city, with a lots of ancient buildings and meaningful sites. It is popular that parents take their children to visit these places, telling them stories, cultivating their sense of honour and responsibility to the city. Besides, those spots are usually scenic and picturesque. So it's also a way to relax. When I was very young, my parents took me to three or four places every year. I miss those old times.
The benefits of a creative writing degree
B. It grows well on wind farms.
W： Thanks so much。 I definitely feel better now。 As a matter of fact， I‘ve already contacted one of the girls who’d be living in the same house as me and she seemed really nice。 I guess living on campus I‘ll have a chance to have a closer circle of friends since we’ll be living together。
Should parents punish their children physically?
No. That would make their children hate them. Especially for juveniles, the heavier parents punish them, the worse they will act up. And for adolescents, if their parents still hit them physically, they will deviate farther from the way their parents set for them. I think the best way to cultivate a child is to behave urself. Parents themselves, how they treat others, how they deal with problems, their values, will be silently learned and absorbed by their children. So personally I think you should be the kind of person who u want ur children to be. After all, parents are the best teachers.
The contributors to this book, who (as you’ll see from the section ‘About the contributors’) collectively have a wealth of experience as creative writers in higher education, offer a variety of answers. Sally O’Reilly, who wrote the final chapter, recognizes not only the challenges facing soon-to-be-graduating creative writing students but also the potential advantages they possess. The ability to organize material, excellent and accurate writing skills and attention to detail in editing and presenting are all highly marketable in an increasingly competitive job market. So too is the ability to follow through with ideas, a central focus of Lorna Fergusson’s chapter on pre-writing.
C. It can be used as an alternative source of energy.
M： All students are very friendly with new arrivals。 Let me check who would be living with u in ur flat。 OK。 There are Hannah， Kelly and Bree。 Bree is also a new student here like u。 I‘m sure u two will have more to share with each other。
What foods are most nutritious? What foods are not?
Fruits are the most nutritious foods, so are veggies. Like kiwi, fig, almond, grapefruit, broccoli, cauliflower, asparagus, and so on. I took one grapefruit when I had a bad cold. And I got recovered the next morning. Isn't it amazing? Grapefruit is very good for ur health. And for the foods that are not nutritious, fish and chips is one of them. This food is buttered, crumbled, grilled, and fried. It takes a lot oil, very greasy. If I really want to eat fish and chips, I will use an air frier.
In one sense, aside from the specific skills taught and developed on a creative writing degree, it fulfils the same role that a degree in any arts or humanities（人文学科）subject did in the past: a way of training and disciplining the mind, a forum for developing a range of transferable skills and a useful introduction to academia for anyone who wishes to continue their studies at a higher level.
D. It produces chemicals that destroy toxins.
Q12。 Why does Katherine feel anxious？
Do u think Chinese foods are nutritious?
Sure, way more nutritious than western food. For example, how do u eat lettuce? U only take two leaves or at most a quarter of it to do salad. But us Chinese will use a whole bunch of lettuce to make a course. Besides, the oil we use is made from veggies, and urs is make from animal fat, which contains high cholesterol.
Creative writing degrees, however, also offer something more: a unique opportunity for self-discovery and development. In my own chapter on critical reflections, I made the point that writing is, by its very nature, a reflective activity. Finding out who you are, what you think and what matters to you is a fundamental part of life, and creative writing students have the freedom to explore these issues through their writing over an extended period. I don’t know if any research has been done on whether creative writing graduates are “better adjusted” on leaving university than students who take any other degree course, but it remains one of the few subjects in higher education where there is still(considerable) room for self-exploration, not just ‘training for employment’. Furthermore, virtually every chapter here, implicitly or explicitly, highlights the unique role of creative writing degrees in helping to develop the imagination.
- Why does the professor mention trees and apples?
Q13。 What does Mr。 Lee encourage Katherine to do？
In what way has the diet of the people in ur country been changing?
All of which is not to say that creative writing graduates don’t leave university with an array of practical skills that would be attractive to potential employers. In addition to those mentioned above, Elizabeth Reeder’s chapter demonstrates not only that the online environment can aid in the development of writing skills but also that writing skills can help to develop our effectiveness in the range of online environments that we now inhabit or participate in. Nabila Jameel, in her chapter on reading and presenting work aloud, also points to the potential benefits and applications of the skills gained from learning to read and perform creative work to a live audience.
A. To give advice on how to explain fungi and mushrooms
Q14。 what does Mr。 Lee promise to do for Catherine？
Both Shawn Shiflett and Ally Chisholm in their chapters point to an additional and crucial skill that creative writing degrees help to develop: the ability to use a range of ‘outside’ sources and stimuli, to distil these in the imagination and to apply them to the process of making something new. In cognitive psychology, this is the hallmark of the creative mind. It’s also an essential quality in business and entrepreneurship.
B. To show how the environment can affect growth rates
Q15。 What do we learn about Catherine’s schoolmate Bree？
Ally Chisholm’s chapter, however, suggests that studying creative writing also has deeper benefits. In arguing that good research skills are essential for writers, his chapter shows how, through developing our ‘hearing’ and our awareness of the world around us, we learn to recognize the inauthentic and the superficial.
C. To provide an example of the effects of pesticides
W：李先生早上好。我可以给你一点时间。 M：肯定凯瑟琳。我能为你做什么。 W：我很担心转入你的大学。恐怕我不适合。 M：别担心凯瑟琳。你转学很紧张是完全正常的。这发生在许多转学生身上。 W：是的，我知道，但我比我一年中的大多数学生都年轻。这让我很担心。 M：那么你可能是你一年中唯一年轻的一个，但是你知道，我们有很多你可以加入的课后活动。所以，这样你就可以结识不同年龄段的新朋友。 W：很好。我喜欢游戏和爱好团体。 M：我相信你会。所以你会很好。不要太担心，尽量充分利用我们在这里提供的信息。另外，请记住，如果您需要帮助，您可以在任何时候来找我。 W：非常感谢。我现在感觉好多了。事实上，我已经联系过和我一样住在同一栋房子里的女孩，她看起来真的很好。我想住在校园里，因为我们会一起生活，所以我会有机会结交更多的朋友。 M：所有的学生都对新来港定居人士非常友善。让我检查你的公寓里有谁和你住在一起。好。有Hannah，Kelly和Bree。布里也是一位像你这样的新生。我相信你们俩会有更多的分享对方。
Reading takes us out of ourselves and, paradoxically, into ourselves as well.
D. To give an example of how a wind farm replaced a fruit farm
- Why does the professor suggest that the student visit the greenhouse?
A. The student might be able to conduct a research study there.
B. A mushroom species that interests the student is being grown there.
C. Mushrooms grow more quickly there than in other locations.
D. Environmentally safe growing techniques are demonstrated there.
- Why does the student go to see the professor?
Have you ever felt like you would do just about anything to satisfy your hunger？ A new study in mice may help to explain why hunger can feel like such a powerful motivating force。 In the study， researchers found that hunger outweighed other physical drives including fear， thirst and social needs to determine which feeling won out。 The researchers did a series of experiments。
A. To get advice about how much information to include in a paper he is writing
In one experiment。 The mice were both hungry and thirsty。 When given the choice of either eating food or drinking water， the mice went for the food the researchers found。 However， when the mice were well-fed but thirsty they opted to drink according to the study。
B. To ask for permission to change the topic of an assignment
In the second experiment meant to pit the mice’s hunger against their fear。 Hungry mice were placed in a cage that had certain Fox centered areas and other places that smelled safer。 In other words， not like an animal that could eat them but also had food。 It turned out that when the mice were hungry they ventured into the unsafe areas for food。 But when the mice were well-fed they stayed in areas of the cage that were considered safe。 Hunger also outweighed the mice‘s social needs， the researchers found。 Mice are usually social animals and prefer to be in the company of other mice according to the study。 When the mice were hungry they opted to leave the company of other mice to go get food。
D. To discuss the results of research he has done for a paper he is writing
Q16。 What is the researchers’ purpose in carrying out the Su‘s experiments with mice？（标红的位置没听清）
Q17。 In what circumstances do mice venture into unsafe areas？
Narrator: Listen to a conversation between a student and his environmental science professor.
Q18。 What is said about mice at the end of the passage？
Student: Hi, Professor Williams - I(m here for our 1:30 meeting.
Professor: Hi Michael. Thanks for being so prompt. That really makes
a difference when I have so many students scheduled back to back. If only there could be more than 24 hours in a day.
Student: (Laughs) I know what you mean.
Professor: So, what’ s on your mind?
Student: Well I’m here about my topic choice.
Professor: For the upcoming oral presentation? By the way, how do
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you feel about speaking in front of the class?
Student: Well I’ d have to say I’m most comfortable writing
papers, but I’m not nervous about doing this presentation. It’ ll be good public speaking practice you know.
Professor: Exactly, and certainly, it’ s a skill that is always useful.
Student: Mm-hmm. Yeah, so the assignment was for us to talk about
a current environmental solution? And I found so much eye opening information while researching. The only problem is, I don’t know which area to go with.
Professor: Okay well, which areas most interest you?
Student: Well I’ve spent a lot of time exploring the concept of wind
farms. You know, using wind as a source of energy.
必威，Professor: Mm-hmm, go on.
Student: Right um - lots of stuff on that you know types of wind
farms and different designs, how they' ve been set up, how to get the most out of them.
Professor: Okay, and what' s another choice?
Student: Well, it' s a tie between wind farms and mushrooms.
Professor: Mushrooms!? Hm! Tell me more about that!
Student: Well, there' s a species of mushrooms that produces
chemicals that can eat away at toxic waste - from petroleum products, pesticides and other harmful pollutants
Professor: Yes, I've read research about this - but actually Michael
it' s the fungus beneath the ground that affects the harmful pollutants. That' s an important difference
Student: Oh ri-right that' s what I meant - I'll explain it more
clearly in class.
Professor: Keep it simple. Something like - just like trees produce
apples, it' s the funghi that produce mushrooms - and it' s also those funghi that produce the helpful chemicals.
Student: I understand - it' s just so amazing that something low
cost and already there in nature could solve such a large pollution problem caused by humans
Professor: It is intriguing. Wind farms affect, too, but I think most of
your classmates will already be generally familiar with that topic. Whereas they might not have heard of this.
Professor: Btw, what s the growing period for this species?
Student: Ah it only takes a month to grow.
Professor: Great! The university has a greenhouse that's sometimes
available for research projects. Why don't you stop over there one afternoon, speak to the manager and ask if he' d let you use a small area of the greenhouse?
Professor: You could try to duplicate the results of the study!
Student: In the greenhouse?
Professor: Yes! You have three months until the end of this semester.
It might make a strong final project!